Viguera

Viguera is a municipality in La Rioja, Spain. It includes the villages Castañares de las Cuevas, El Puente, and Panzares.

Viguera
Viguera.jpg
Coat of arms of Viguera
Coat of arms
Location of Viguera
Viguera is located in La Rioja, Spain
Viguera
Viguera
Location in La Rioja
Viguera is located in Spain
Viguera
Viguera
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°18′29″N 2°32′2″W / 42.30806°N 2.53389°W / 42.30806; -2.53389Coordinates: 42°18′29″N 2°32′2″W / 42.30806°N 2.53389°W / 42.30806; -2.53389
Country Spain
Autonomous Community La Rioja
RegionRioja Media
ComarcaCamero Nuevo
Government
 • MayorLuis María Jalón Velasco (PP; 2007)
Area
 • Total41.72 km2 (16.11 sq mi)
Elevation
689 m (2,260 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total390
 • Density9.3/km2 (24/sq mi)
Demonym(s)viguereño / a
WebsiteOfficial website Edit this at Wikidata

HistoryEdit

The earliest documentary evidence is in the Berber historian Ajbar Machmua, who told that Abd ar-Rahman I recovered La Rioja in 759, after it having been conquered by Alfonso I of Asturias in 755. He commented in particular that after taking Viguera Castle, Abd ar-Rahman I crossed all of La Rioja and penetrated Álava.

It was one of the fortifications that the Banu Qasi used to defend La Rioja from the Christians.

In the second half of the ninth century, Lubb ibn Musa, one of the sons of Musa ibn Musa ibn Qasi, reconstructed the fortress. Lubb died hunting deer and was buried in the location.

Upon Christian reconquest, it became the site of the Kingdom of Viguera (970-1005). At the end of this period, it became part of the Kingdom of Navarre, although later the area passed into the hand of the nobles of Cameros, as part of their feudal territory.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19001,327—    
19101,026−22.7%
19201,085+5.8%
1930946−12.8%
1940851−10.0%
1950754−11.4%
YearPop.±%
1960660−12.5%
1970480−27.3%
1981431−10.2%
1990434+0.7%
2000357−17.7%
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de España

Population centresEdit

Places of interestEdit

 
Hermitage of Santa Lucía, in Panzares
  • Parish Church of La Asunción: Constructed in the 16th century of masonry and ashlar, recently restored
  • Hermitage of Nuestra Señora del Rosario: Based on an earlier hermitage from the 16th century, reformed in the 18th century
  • Hermitage of San Marcos: Originally in the 17th century, recently restored by a group of women of the town who, without interest in the devotion of this hermitage or its festival, have restored it
  • Hermitage of San Esteban
  • Hermitage of Santa Lucía, in the village of Panzares, rebuilt in 1968 above a 16th-century edifice
  • Parish Church of La Asunción: In Castañares de las Cuevas, from the 16th century
  • Medieval bridges:
    • Leaving Logroño near the border of Viguera, 11th century
    • After Islallan

Local festivalsEdit

  • In honor of Saint Mark, April 25
  • Patrol festivals in honor of Saint James and Saint Ann. July 25 and 26

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.