Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia were specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through the Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on 30 December 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted personnel (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

The branch colours that form the piping of the shoulder boards are as follows:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Navy: dark blue/navy blue
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue

The shoulder insignia ranks are in gold shoulder boards in the Ground Forces, Air Force and Navy.

Border Defense Force's ranks are in dark green shoulder boards with red piping. Coast Guard rank and rating insignia are in blue with gold piping.

Table of ranksEdit

OfficersEdit

The following are the current rank insignia for commissioned officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard, respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
  Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent                          
Army general
(Đại tướng)
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)


  Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent                        
Admiral
(Đô đốc)
Vice Admiral
(Phó Đô đốc)
Rear Admiral
(Chuẩn Đô đốc)
Senior Captain
(Đại tá)
Captain
(Thượng tá)
Commander
(Trung tá)
Lieutenant Commander
(Thiếu tá)
Senior Lieutenant
(Đại úy)
Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Sub-Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Ensign
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)


  Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent                        
Colonel general
(Thượng tướng)
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
  Vietnam No equivalent
                     
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
  Vietnam No equivalent
                     
Lieutenant General
(Trung tướng)
Major General
(Thiếu tướng)
Senior Colonel
(Đại tá)
Colonel
(Thượng tá)
Lieutenant Colonel
(Trung tá)
Major
(Thiếu tá)
Captain
(Đại úy)
Senior Lieutenant
(Thượng úy)
Lieutenant
(Trung úy)
Junior Lieutenant
(Thiếu úy)
Officer Cadet
(Học viên Sĩ quan)
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer

Warrant officersEdit

The following are the insignia for warrant officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard respectively.

Rank insignia used by warrant officers since 2008 have a pink silk line running along the shoulder board (before 2008 it was a V-shaped chevron) to distinguish them from the officer corps.

Equivalent NATO rank WO-1 WO-2 WO-3 WO-4 WO-5
  Vietnam
(Edit)
             
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)


  Vietnam
(Edit)
 
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)


  Vietnam
(Edit)
N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
  Vietnam
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
  Vietnam
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)

EnlistedEdit

The following are the enlisted rank insignia for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard respectively.

Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
  Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent    
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì


  Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent    
Chief petty officer
Thượng sĩ
Petty officer 1st class
Trung sĩ
Petty officer 2nd class
Hạ sĩ
Leading Seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì


  Vietnam
(Edit)
No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent    
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading Aircraftman
Binh nhất
Aircraftman
Binh nhì
  Vietnam No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent    
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì
  Vietnam No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent   No equivalent    
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Leading seaman
Binh nhất
Seaman
Binh nhì
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

LapelsEdit

Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defence Coast Guard Cyberspace Operations Mausoleum Defence
General Officers
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "LUẬT - Sĩ quan quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.vanbanphapluat.com/danh-muc-van-ban-phap-luat.html?view=doc&id=83282[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit