Vienne (French pronunciation: [vjɛn] (listen); Poitevin-Saintongeais: Viéne) is a landlocked department in the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the river Vienne. It had a population of 438,435 in 2019.[3]

Vienne
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Prefecture building of the Vienne department, in Poitiers
Flag of Vienne
Coat of arms of Vienne
Location of Vienne in France
Location of Vienne in France
Coordinates: 45°31′20″N 4°50′43″E / 45.5221°N 4.8453°E / 45.5221; 4.8453Coordinates: 45°31′20″N 4°50′43″E / 45.5221°N 4.8453°E / 45.5221; 4.8453
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
PrefecturePoitiers
SubprefecturesChâtellerault
Montmorillon
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilAlain Pichon[1]
Area
 • Total6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
 • Total438,435
 • Rank56th
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number86
Arrondissements3
Cantons19
Communes266
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

Established on March 4, 1790, during the French Revolution, Vienne is one of the original 83 departments. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Poitou, Touraine, and Berry, the latter being a part of the Duchy of Aquitaine until the 15th century.

The original Acadians, who settled in and around what is now Nova Scotia, left Vienne for North America after 1604. Kennedy (2014) argues that the emigrants carried to Canada their customs and social structure. They were frontier peoples, who dispersed their settlements based on kinship. They optimized use of farmland and emphasized trading for a profit. They were hierarchical and politically active.[4]

GeographyEdit

The department of Vienne has an area of 6,990 km2 (2,700 sq mi). Part of the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine, it borders Maine-et-Loire to the northwest, Indre-et-Loire to the north, Indre to the east, Haute-Vienne to the southeast, Charente to the south and Deux-Sèvres to the west. It is crossed by the river Vienne, a tributary of the Loire.

Principal townsEdit

The most populous commune is Poitiers, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 6 communes with more than 7,000 inhabitants:[3]

Commune Population (2019)
Poitiers 89,212
Châtellerault 31,487
Buxerolles 10,060
Jaunay-Marigny 7,600
Saint-Benoît 7,267
Chauvigny 7,062

DemographicsEdit

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801240,990—    
1806252,351+0.93%
1821260,697+0.22%
1831282,731+0.81%
1841294,250+0.40%
1851317,305+0.76%
1861322,028+0.15%
1872320,598−0.04%
1881340,295+0.66%
1891344,355+0.12%
1901336,343−0.24%
1911332,276−0.12%
1921306,248−0.81%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931303,072−0.10%
1936306,820+0.25%
1946313,932+0.23%
1954319,208+0.21%
1962331,619+0.48%
1968340,256+0.43%
1975357,366+0.70%
1982371,428+0.55%
1990380,005+0.29%
1999399,130+0.55%
2006418,460+0.68%
2011427,193+0.41%
2016436,069+0.41%
Sources:[5][6]

PoliticsEdit

Édith Cresson, France's first woman Prime Minister from 1991-1992, was a deputy (MP) for the department. The president of the Departmental Council is Alain Pichon, elected in 2020.

Vienne has three arrondissements: Poitiers, the prefecture, and the subprefectures Châtellerault and Montmorillon.

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[7] Party
Vienne's 1st constituency Jacques Savatier La République En Marche!
Vienne's 2nd constituency Sacha Houlié La République En Marche!
Vienne's 3rd constituency Jean-Michel Clément La République En Marche!
Vienne's 4th constituency Nicolas Turquois MoDem

ReligionEdit

The capital, Poitiers, is the see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Poitiers, which pastorally serves the department.

Tourism and sightsEdit

The most famous tourist sites include the Futuroscope theme park, Poitiers (city of Art and History), the Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe, a UNESCO world heritage site, the animal parks of Monkey's Valley in Romagne and the Crocodile Planet in Civaux.

EconomyEdit

Goat cheese making is an important industry of Vienne.

International relationsEdit

Vienne has a partnership relationship with:

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
  2. ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 86 Vienne, INSEE
  4. ^ Gregory M.W. Kennedy. Something of a Peasant Paradise? Comparing Rural Societies in Acadie and the Loudunais, 1604-1755 (MQUP, 2014)
  5. ^ "Historique de la Vienne". Le SPLAF.
  6. ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  7. ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.
  8. ^ "Partneri- ja kummikaupungit (Partnership and twinning cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27.
  9. ^ 友好城市 (Friendly cities) Archived 2013-09-23 at the Wayback Machine, 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  10. ^ 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List) Archived 2012-06-02 at the Wayback Machine, 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google Translate.)
  11. ^ 友好交流 (Friendly exchanges) Archived 2014-04-10 at the Wayback Machine, 2011-09-13. (Translation by Google Translate.)

External linksEdit