Vice President of Iraq

Iraq has had three vice presidents or deputy presidents serving concurrently.[2]

Vice President of the Republic of Iraq
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008–present).svg
Incumbent
Vacant

since 2 October 2018
StyleHis Excellency
AppointerParliamentary vote on the names submitted by the President[1]
Term lengthFour years
Formation14 July 1958
10 October 2016 (restored)
Salary122,400 USD annually[2]

The office of Vice President was historically largely ceremonial but prestigious. In post-war Iraq, the Constitution of Iraq, in its "Transitional Guidelines," creates a three-member Presidency (or Presidential) Council, consisting of the President of the Republic and two deputy presidents, who must act in unison. The Presidency Council had three members to accommodate Iraq's three largest groups: Sunni Muslim Arabs, Shiite Muslim Arabs, and the mostly Sunni Kurds. As a unit, the Presidency Council was meant to symbolize the unity of the nation. This arrangement is required by the constitution to continue until the Council of Representatives, enters its second set of sessions. At this point, the Presidency Council would be replaced by a solitary President of the Republic, who would have only one deputy, the Vice-President. In any case, the Presidency is appointed by the Council of Representatives. The three-member arrangement was a hold-over from the Iraqi interim government and the Iraqi transitional government.

On September 2014, three new vice presidents were elected: former prime ministers Nouri al-Maliki and Ayad Allawi and former speaker of Parliament Osama al-Nujaifi.[3]

On August 11, 2015 the Council of Representatives approved the al Abadi government plan to abolish the posts of both vice president and deputy prime minister. [4] Later, Osama al-Nujaifi filed a complaint against the decision, considering it to be against the Constitution.[5] Also Nuri al-Maliki promised to cling to his post.[6] On 10 October 2016, the three posts of vice president were restored by the Supreme Court of Iraq which deemed their abolition unconstitutional.[7] The three offices have been vacant since October 2, 2018.

List of officeholdersEdit

Under Iraqi Republic and Ba'athist IraqEdit

The Ba'athist regime of Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr and Saddam Hussein also used the office of Vice President. However, the post was not as influential as the Vice Chairmen of the Revolutionary Command Council. Vice Presidents were appointed at the discretion of the President.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party President Notes
Took office Left office Time in office
  Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
أحمد حسن البكر
(1914–1982)
November 1963 January 1964 61 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Abdul Salam Arif
  Saddam Hussein
صدام حسين
(1937–2006)
July 1968 July 1979 11 years Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
  Hardan al-Tikriti
حردان عبدالغفار التكريتي
(1925–1971)
April 1970 October 1970 183 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
[8]
  Salih Mahdi Ammash
صالح مهدي عماش
(1924–1985)
April 1970 December 1971 1 year, 244 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
[8]
  Taha Muhie-eldin Marouf
طه محيي الدين معروف
(1929–2009)
April 1974 April 2003 29 years Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Saddam Hussein
[9][10][11]
  Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
عزة إبراهيم الدوري
(1942–2020)
July 1979 April 2003 23 years, 274 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
Saddam Hussein
  Taha Yassin Ramadan
طه ياسين رمضان الجزراوي‎
(1938–2007)
March 1991 April 2003 12 years, 31 days Iraqi Ba'ath Party
(Iraq Region)
[11]

Republic of Iraq since 2004Edit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party President Notes
Took office Left office Time in office
  Ibrahim al-Jaafari
إبراهيم الجعفري
(born 1947)
1 June 2004 7 April 2005 310 days Islamic Dawa Party Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer [12]
  Rowsch Shaways
روز نورى شاويس
(1947–2021)
1 June 2004 7 April 2005 310 days Kurdistan Democratic Party [12]
  Adil Abdul-Mahdi
عادل عبد المهدي
(born 1942)
7 April 2005 11 July 2011 6 years, 95 days Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq Jalal Talabani [13][14]
  Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer
غازي مشعل عجيل الياور
(born 1958)
7 April 2005 22 April 2006 1 year, 15 days The Iraqis
  Tariq al-Hashimi
طارق الهاشمي
(born 1942)
22 April 2006 10 September 2012 6 years, 141 days Iraqi Islamic Party [13]
  Khodair al-Khozaei
خضير الخزاعي
(born 1947)
13 May 2011 9 September 2014 3 years, 119 days Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation Jalal Talabani
Fuad Masum
[13]
  Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
(born 1950)
9 September 2014 11 August 2015 336 days Islamic Dawa Party Fuad Masum [15][3]
  Osama al-Nujaifi
أسامة النجيفي
(born 1956)
9 September 2014 11 August 2015 336 days Muttahidoon [15][3]
  Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
(born 1944)
9 September 2014 11 August 2015 336 days Iraqi National Accord [15][3]
Post abolished (11 August 201510 October 2016)[6]
Post restored (10 October 2016–present)[7]
  Nouri al-Maliki
نوري المالكي
(born 1950)
10 October 2016 2 October 2018 1 year, 357 days Islamic Dawa Party Fuad Masum [16][17]
  Osama al-Nujaifi
أسامة النجيفي
(born 1956)
10 October 2016 2 October 2018 1 year, 357 days Muttahidoon [18][19]
  Ayad Allawi
أياد علاوي
(born 1944)
10 October 2016 2 October 2018 1 year, 357 days Iraqi National Accord [20][21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Salih intends to appoint Abadi as vice president: source - Iraq News - Local News - Baghdadpost". www.thebaghdadpost.com. December 2, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Iraqi Deputies Question Need For Three Vice Presidents". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
  3. ^ a b c d "Iraq: Maliki, Nujaifi say PM's decision to cancel vice president posts "unconstitutional"". December 22, 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-12-22.
  4. ^ "Premature excitement about Iraq's new government reforms". Washington Post.
  5. ^ "Iraq vice president files court case to keep his post".
  6. ^ a b Al-awsat, Asharq (1 September 2015). "Iraq: Maliki, Nujaifi say PM's decision to cancel vice president posts "unconstitutional"".
  7. ^ a b "Iraqi court nullifies Abadi's earlier decision to sack 3 vice president posts". Xinhua. 11 October 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Chiefs of State and Cabinet members of foreign governments / National Foreign Assessment Center. 1970Jan-Apr". hdl:2027/osu.32435024020109. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ "Chiefs of State and Cabinet members of foreign governments / National Foreign Assessment Center. 1974Jan-June". hdl:2027/osu.32435024020042. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  10. ^ "Chiefs of State and Cabinet members of foreign governments / National Foreign Assessment Center. 1988Jan-June". hdl:2027/osu.32435024019796. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ a b "Chiefs of State and Cabinet members of foreign governments / National Foreign Assessment Center. 1991July-Dec". hdl:2027/osu.32435083449116. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ a b http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/27559/pg27559.html
  13. ^ a b c "Iraqi parliament approves three vice presidents - People's Daily Online". en.people.cn.
  14. ^ "One of Iraq's vice presidents resigns". USATODAY.COM.
  15. ^ a b c "URGENT: al-Maliki, Allawi, Najafi to be new Vice-Presidents of Iraq - Iraqi News".
  16. ^ "'I will declare independent Kurdistan if Al-Maliki returns to power,' warns Barzani". Middle East Monitor. 23 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Barzani says to declare Kurdistan's independence if Maliki returns as Iraq PM". Iraqi News. 23 January 2017.
  18. ^ "Will Mosul witness a political battle post-IS?". Al-Monitor. 18 February 2017.
  19. ^ "Iraq cuts off support for PKK, vice president says". TRT World. 13 February 2017.
  20. ^ "Iraq VP accuses Iran of violating Iraqi sovereignty in the Arabian Gulf". Middle East Monitor. 16 February 2017.
  21. ^ "ISHM: February 3 - 9, 2017". Reliefweb.int. 9 February 2017.