Vice-President of Ghana

The vice-president of Ghana is the second-highest officer in the Government of Ghana. The vice-president, together with the President of Ghana, is directly elected by the people through popular vote to serve a four-year term in office. The vice-president is the first person in the presidential line of succession, and would ascend to the presidency upon the death, resignation, or removal of the president. The current vice-president is Mahamudu Bawumia, who took office on 7 January 2017, under President Nana Akufo-Addo.

Vice President of the
Republic of Ghana
Mahamudu Bawumia
since 7 January 2017
StyleHis/Her Excellency
ResidenceGolden Jubilee House
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderJoseph W.S. deGraft-Johnson
Republic established
Kow Nkensen Arkaah
Current Constitution
FormationRepublic Day
1 July 1960
1992 Constitution
15 May 1992
Website(in English)
(in English)



The provisions of article 62 of the 1992 Constitution apply to a candidate for election as Vice-President. The candidate must be:

  • (a) a citizen of Ghana by birth
  • (b) attained the age of thirty-five years or above
  • (c) be otherwise qualified to be elected a Member of Parliament, except that the disqualifications set out in paragraphs (c), (d), and (e) of clause (2) of article 94 of this Constitution shall not be removed, in respect of any such person, by a presidential pardon or by the lapse of time as provided for in clause (5) of that article.

The president and vice president are elected on a single ticket; all presidential candidates must lodge the name of their running mate when filing for election.

If the president dies, resigns, or is permanently incapacitated, the vice-president automatically ascends as president for the balance of the term. A Vice-President who ascends to the presidency before half of the presidential term expires is only allowed to run for a single full term. If more than half of the term has expired, he can run for two terms, whether successive or separated. This provision has been used once, when John Mahama ascended to the presidency after the death of his running mate, John Atta Mills, in July 2012. He was elected president in his own right that December, and was allowed to run for reelection in 2016 since he had ascended with only six months remaining in Mills' term.

Oath of office


The Vice-President of Ghana must be sworn in by the Chief Justice before the citizens of Ghana at the Independence square in Accra. The Vice-President-elect must repeat the following:

"I,(name) having been elected to the office of Vice-President of the Republic of Ghana, do (in the name of the Almighty God swear) (solemnly affirm) that I will be faithful and true to the Republic of Ghana; that I will at all times preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana; and I dedicate myself to the service and well-being of the people of the Republic of Ghana and to do right to all manner of persons.

I further (solemnly swear) (solemnly affirm) that should I at any time break this oath of office, I shall submit myself to the laws of the Republic of Ghana and suffer the penalty for it. (So help me God)."



The duties of the vice-president of Ghana are:

  • presiding of various meetings in absence of the President
  • acting President when the president is out of the country

The Vice-President is also a member of

  • The National Security Council
  • The Armed Forces Council[1]
  • The Police Service Council[2]
  • The Prisons Service Council[3]

List of vice-presidents of Ghana (1979–present)

No. Portrait Name
Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
1   Joseph W.S. de Graft-Johnson
24 September 1979 31 December 1981
2 years, 98 days People's National Party Hilla Limann
2   Kow Nkensen Arkaah
7 January 1993 7 January 1997 4 years National Convention Party Jerry Rawlings
3   John Atta Mills
7 January 1997 7 January 2001 4 years National Democratic Congress
4   Aliu Mahama
7 January 2001 7 January 2009 8 years New Patriotic Party John Kufuor
5   John Mahama
(born 1958)
7 January 2009 24 July 2012 3 years, 199 days National Democratic Congress John Atta Mills
6   Kwesi Amissah-Arthur
6 August 2012 7 January 2017 4 years, 154 days National Democratic Congress John Mahama
7   Mahamudu Bawumia
(born 1963)
7 January 2017 Incumbent 7 years, 199 days New Patriotic Party Nana Akufo-Addo


Vice-President Ethnicity Religious affiliatiom
Joseph W. S. de Graft-Johnson Fante (Akan) Methodist
Kow Nkensen Arkaah Fante (Akan) Methodist
John Atta Mills Fante (Akan) Methodist
Aliu Mahama Dagomba Muslim
John Dramani Mahama Gonja Assemblies of God (raised Presbyterian)
Kwesi Amissah-Arthur Fante (Akan) Methodist
Mahamudu Bawumia Mamprusi Muslim


  1. ^ Chapter 17 Article 211 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana
  2. ^ Chapter 15 Article 201 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana
  3. ^ Chapter 16 Article 206 Constitution of the Republic of Ghana
Order of precedence
Preceded by Mahamudu Bawumia
Vice President of Ghana
Succeeded by