Viby, Roskilde Municipality
Viby, often referred to as Viby Sjælland (usually styles Viby Sj) to distinguish it from Viby J in Jutland, is a satellite town to Roskilde and Copenhagen, located 8 km south of Roskilde, in Roskilde Municipality, some 30 km west of Copenhagen, Denmark. The original village, now Gammel Viby ("Old Viby"), is located in the northern part of town while the modern district has formed around Viby Station which opened on the Danish Main Line between Copenhagen and western Denmark in 1854. The village of Dåstrup is now also an integrated part of Viby. As of 1 January 2015, Viby had a population of 4,609.
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DK-4130 Viby Sjælland
The name Viby is first documented in 1257 as Wicby (Vigby 1315). In the Middle Ages, Viby consisted of 12 farms. Most of these were owned by various prebends associated with the cathedral chapter in Roskilde while one was owned by Our Lady's Abbey. The farms' land was located to the south. Viby was located in the southernmost part of the parish of Syv. Syv in the northern part of the parish consisted of two villages: Syv Kirkeby in the west, with the church, rectory and two farms, and Øster Syv in the east with eight farms in 1682. The area between Syv and Viby was owned by Vibygård, a manor house located on the eastern outskirts of Viby. A short distance to the west of Viby was the village of Dåstrup.
The first railway in Denmark was built between Copenhagen and Roskilde. Viby Station opened ten years later when the railway was extended to Korsør. A new district gradually developed around the station which was located to the south of the old village.
In the 1960, Viby was expanded with new neighbourhoods of single family detached homes. In 1970, the town was selected as seat of the new Ramsø Municipality. In 2007, Ramsø was merged with Roskilde Municipality.
Søndergade is the main shopping street.
There are three primary schools, two public and one private: Peder Syv's School in Viby, Dåstrup School in Dåstrup and Viby Friskole (private) in Gammel Viby.
Vedbygård's current main building dates from 1857. The estate is farmed organically. Syv Church mostly dates from about 1500. The current church replaced a smaller Romanesque church. The northern section of the wall that surrounds the church cuts through a burial mound. There is also a church in Dåstrup.
- "Syv" (in Danish). Roskildes Historie. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Viby" (in Danish). Roskildes Historie. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
- "Jernbanen KBH-Korsør" (in Danish). Kutlurstyrelsen. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "VibygårdKorsør" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "Syv Kirke" (in Danish). Gyldendal. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
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