Vibrio alginolyticus

Vibrio alginolyticus is a Gram-negative marine bacterium. It is medically important since it causes otitis and wound infection.[1] It is also present in the bodies of animals such as pufferfish, where it is responsible for the production of the potent neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin.[2]

Vibrio alginolyticus
Scientific classification
Binomial name
Vibrio alginolyticus
(Miyamoto et al. 1961)
Sakazaki 1968
Type strain
ATCC 17749
CAIM 516
CCUG 4989 and 13445 and 16315
CIP 103336 and 75.3
DSM 2171
LMG 4409
NBRC 15630
NCCB 71013 and 77003
NCTC 12160

Oceanomonas alginolytica Miyamoto et al. 1961
Beneckea alginolytica (Miyamoto et al. 1961) Baumann et al. 1971
Pseudomonas creosotensis O'Neill et al. 1961

V. alginolyticus was first identified as a pathogen of humans in 1973.[3] It occasionally causes eye, ear, and wound infections.[3] It is a highly salt-tolerant species and can grow in salt concentrations of 10%.[3] Most clinical isolates come from superinfected wounds that become contaminated at the beach.[3] Tetracycline usually results in cure.[3] V. alginolyticus is rare cause of bacteremia in immunocompromised hosts.[3]


  1. ^ Reilly, G D; Reilly, C A; Smith, E G; Baker-Austin, C (2011). "Vibrio alginolyticus-associated wound infection acquired in British waters, Guernsey, July 2011" (PDF). Euro Surveill. 16 (42). PMID 22027377.
  2. ^ Noguchi, T; Hwang, D F; Arakawa, O; Sugita, H; Deguchi, Y; Shida, Y; Hashimoto, K (1987). "Vibrio alginolyticus, a tetrodotoxin-producing bacterium, in the intestines of the fish Fugu vermicularis vermicularis". Marine Biology. 94 (4): 625–630. doi:10.1007/BF00431409.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Longo, Dan, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 18th edition. McGraw-Hill Professional, 2011.

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