Veternik (Serbian Cyrillic: Ветерник) is a suburban settlement of the city of Novi Sad, Serbia. Its population numbers 17,454 (2011 census) and most of its inhabitants are ethnic Serbs. Over the years, especially in the 1990s, it grew with size and inhabitants thus merging with Futog to the west and Novi Sad to the east.

Veternik
Ветерник (Serbian)
New buildings in Lipov Gaj, Veternik
New buildings in Lipov Gaj, Veternik
Coat of arms of Veternik
Veternik is located in Novi Sad
Veternik
Veternik
Location within Novi Sad
Coordinates: 45°15′12″N 19°45′39″E / 45.25333°N 19.76083°E / 45.25333; 19.76083Coordinates: 45°15′12″N 19°45′39″E / 45.25333°N 19.76083°E / 45.25333; 19.76083
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
DistrictSouth Bačka
Municipality Novi Sad
Area
 • Total15.37 km2 (5.93 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total17,454
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21203
Area code+381(0)21
Car platesNS

NameEdit

 
Main road in Veternik (Novi Sad-Futog-Bačka Palanka)
 
Veternik

The settlement was named in honour of the assault of the Serbian army in the Veternik mountain area during the breach of the Macedonian front in World War I. It was first called Novi Veternik ("New Veternik"), but was later changed into Veternik. The name Veternik itself means "windy" in Serbian. [1]

In Serbian Cyrillic, the settlement is known as Ветерник, in Serbian Latin and Croatian as Veternik, and in Hungarian as Hadikliget.

HistoryEdit

The first settlement at this location was mentioned in 1848 and its name was Neu Ilof. It was a settlement for workers that worked in the nearby estate whose last owner was count Kotek.

The modern settlement was founded in 1918 as a settlement for Serb veterans from World War I. During World War II, the Hungarian occupational authorities relegated the population of the village across the Danube, and settled Hungarians from Bukovina into their houses. After the war, the population returned and settlement largely developed in the next period: from only 789 inhabitants that were recorded by the 1948 census, the population of Veternik rose to 18,626 in 2002.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19486,179—    
19536,829+10.5%
19619,185+34.5%
197112,945+40.9%
198115,803+22.1%
199116,711+5.7%
200218,375+10.0%
201117,454−5.0%
Source: Census [2]


StatusEdit

Officially, Veternik holds suburban settlement status, as it is part of the agglomeration of Novi Sad. Today, Veternik has merged with Novi Sad completely.

FeaturesEdit

 
Serbian Orthodox church

Besides basic village infrastructure (post office, two elementary schools, infirmary, library, market etc.), Veternik is also home to an institution for handicapped children and young people.[3]

In 2009 the city of Nova Sad decided to build a new primary school in Veternik with access for children with disabilities. The new school was named after the local philanthropist Marija Trandafil.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Насеља општине Нови Сад" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ "Dom Veternik - Naslovna". 2011-10-17. Archived from the original on 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2021-07-19.
  4. ^ "О школи – ОШ Марија Трандафил, Ветерник" (in Serbian). Retrieved 2021-07-19.
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External linksEdit