Vespertilio

Vespertilio is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae. The common name for this family is vesper bats, which is a better known classification than Vespertilio. Also: frosted bats.

Vespertilio
Vespertilio murinus 2.jpg
Parti-coloured bat, Vespertilio murinus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Vespertilio
Linnaeus, 1758

Species within the genus Vespertilio are:

HistoryEdit

Vespertilio is the oldest accepted genus name for bats. When Vespertilio was described in 1758, it was equivalent to the modern taxonomic order, encompassing all of Chiroptera (all bats), which Carl Linnaeus grouped with the primates due to certain characteristics mentioned by Linnaeus that bats seemed to share with actual primates. The second chiropteran genus, Pteropus, was described four years later in 1762. Vespertilio, as the oldest genus name, is thus the type genus of the family Vespertilionidae, which was not described until 1821.[1] Variably, until 1779, Vespertilio was considered either the only chiropteran genus, or one of two, including Pteropus. It was considered by some to be the only genus of bats until as late as 1817.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hutcheon, James M.; Kirsch, John A. W. (2006). "A moveable face: Deconstructing the Microchiroptera and a new classification of extant bats". Acta Chiropterologica. 8: 1–10. doi:10.3161/1733-5329(2006)8[1:AMFDTM]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 1733-5329.
  2. ^ Miller, Jr., Gerrit S. (1907). "The Families and Genera of Bats". United States National Museum Bulletin. 57: 3.
  • D.E. Wilson & D.M. Reeder, 2005: Mammal Species of the World: a Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Third Edition. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.