Verbania

Verbania (Italian: [verˈbaːnja] (About this soundlisten), Lombard: [ʋerˈbɑːnja], Piedmontese: [ʋerˈbɑnja]) is the most populous comune (municipality) and the capital city of the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola in the Piedmont region of northwest Italy. It is situated on the shore of Lake Maggiore, about 91 km (57 mi) north-west of Milan and about 40 km (25 mi) from Locarno in Switzerland. It had a population of 30,827 at 1 January 2017.

Verbania
Città di Verbania
Verbania pictured from the summit of Mottarone
Verbania pictured from the summit of Mottarone
Location of Verbania
Verbania is located in Italy
Verbania
Verbania
Location of Verbania in Italy
Verbania is located in Piedmont
Verbania
Verbania
Verbania (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 45°56′N 08°32′E / 45.933°N 8.533°E / 45.933; 8.533Coordinates: 45°56′N 08°32′E / 45.933°N 8.533°E / 45.933; 8.533
CountryItaly
RegionPiedmont
ProvinceVerbano-Cusio-Ossola (VB)
FrazioniAntoliva, Bieno, Biganzolo, Cavandone, Fondotoce, Intra, Pallanza, Possaccio, Suna, Torchiedo, Trobaso, Zoverallo
Government
 • MayorSilvia Marchionini (PD)
Area
 • Total37.6 km2 (14.5 sq mi)
Highest elevation
678 m (2,224 ft)
Lowest elevation
200 m (700 ft)
Population
 (1 January 2017)[2]
 • Total30,827
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Verbanese(i)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
28900, 28921-28925
Dialing code0323
Patron saintVictor the Moor
Saint day8 May
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

 
View of Pallanza with the municipal building of Verbania

The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times. The oldest known people living in the area were the Lepontii.[3] The area was added to the Roman Empire by Emperor Augustus in the first century AD.

In the eleventh century the area was controlled by the bishops of Novara, then by the counts of Pombia. In 1152 Federico Barbarossa gave the area to the Castello family. After the death of Frederick Barbarossa, the territory was again controlled by Novara. By the fourteenth century the area had become part of the Duchy of Milan. In 1714, following the Treaty of Rastatt most of the lake areas came under the control of the Habsburgs. After the 1796 Napoleonic invasion the area was controlled by the French. By 1818 the House of Savoy had gained control of the area back from the French. With the edict of 10 October 1836 Pallanza and Ossola became part part of the province of Novara.[4]

After the Second World War, the territory still remained part of the province of Novara. In 1976 the autonomous district of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola was established.[3]

OverviewEdit

 
Church of Madonna di Campagna

It faces the city of Stresa lying at a direct distance of 3.7 km (2 mi) across Lake Maggiore, and 16 km (10 mi) by road. The present-day Verbania was created by the 1939 merger of the cities of Intra, Pallanza and Suna, and other frazioni. Since 1992 it has been the capital of the province of Verbano-Cusio-Ossola. A small islet lying a stone's throw from the shores of the Pallanza frazione and separated from it by a narrow stretch of water just 10 or 15 metres wide, known as the Isolino di San Giovanni, is famous for having been the home of Arturo Toscanini between the years of 1927 and 1952.

Verbania consists of the following localities: Antoliva, Bieno, Biganzolo, Cavandone, Fondotoce, Intra, Pallanza, Possaccio, Suna, Torchiedo, Trobaso, and Zoverallo.

ClimateEdit

The climate is temperate, humid, with hot summer and continental type influences in the inland and higher areas. The area is characterized by cold winters and hot summers.

GovernmentEdit

Main sightsEdit

Giardini Botanici Villa Taranto is an estate with fine botanical gardens.

 
Villa Taranto

TransportEdit

Verbania-Pallanza railway station, opened in 1905, forms part of the Milan–Domodossola railway. It is in the Fondotoce district, between Lake Mergozzo and the river Toce, just upstream from where the Toce flows into Lake Maggiore. Also, a bus connecting Verbania to the rail station in Fondotoce.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Verbania is twinned with the following cities and towns:

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b Direzione comunicazione istituzionale dell'assemblea regionale, Comuni della provincia del Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Consiglio Regionale del Piemonte, 2012
  4. ^ Antonio Biganzoli, Storia e industria nel Verbano Cusio Ossola, 1999.

External linksEdit