Veneto Banca S.p.A. is a former Italian bank headquartered in Montebelluna, Italy and currently a wind-down unit.
|Type||unlisted public Società per Azioni|
|Defunct||23 June 2017|
|Fate||bankruptcy, compulsory liquidation|
Number of locations
|550 branches (2015)|
|Services||Retail and corporate banking|
|(€billion) (2016) 1.502|
|Total assets||€28.078 billion (2016)|
|Total equity||€1.743 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
|5,703 (2015 average)|
|Capital ratio||6.39% (Group CET1, Dec.2016)|
|Footnotes / references|
in consolidated financial statements
The bank changed from a cooperative society to a limited company in December 2015. Following a failed stock market listing in June 2016 it was taken over by a bail-out fund, Atlante. However, after a heavy loan write-down in 2016 financial year, as well as a scandal on selling own new shares to depositors in the past, European Central Bank announced the bank was insolvent on 23 June 2017, and would be broken up (wound up) into a good and a bad bank. Intesa Sanpaolo, the largest bank of Italy by capitalization, announced that it would be interested in buying certain good assets (and corresponding liabilities) of the bank for a token fee. A contract to acquire the "good bank" (excluding Banca Intermobiliare) was signed on 26 June, after the European Commission approved the state aid of Italy to Intesa Sanpaolo for increasing the capital ratio of the "good bank" on 25 June.
According to a research by Ricerche e Studi, the bank was ranked 16th by total assets, using 2015 data. The bank was one of the fourteen largest banks of Italy, which were supervised by European Central Bank directly.
Established in 1877 as Banca Popolare di Montebelluna, in the 1960s the bank started its expansion acquiring some local cooperative banks and savings banks, such as Banca Popolare di Intra. An intense development stage starts in 2000, with the expansion in North-West and Southern Italy and the acquiring of banks in Eastern Europe.
In 2001–2002 Veneto Banca acquired 29 branches of Nuova Banca Mediterranea from Banca di Roma, which were immediately injected to Banca Meridiana (ex-Banca Popolare del Levante). Banca Meridiana was merged with Banca Apulia, another subsidiary of Veneto Banca in 2010. In 2010s Veneto Banca acquired Cassa di Risparmio di Fabriano e Cupramontana (CARIFAC), mostly based in Marche Region and also in Umbria Region and in Rome.
Demutualization, Atlante bail-out and insolvencyEdit
Due to Decree-Law N°3/2015, the bank changed from a cooperative limited partnership (Italian: Società cooperativa per Azioni) to Società per Azioni (company limited by shares) in December 2015, affecting the calculation of voting rights (every shareholders had one vote regardless how many shares he had in cooperative society). The Decree-Law required People's Bank with more than €8 billion total assets, had to registered as limited company instead. Veneto also bought back €14,725,910.40 shares (€7.3 per share) as part of the demutualization.
The bank also planned to recapitalize €1 billion in early 2016 (due to CET1 ratio was below ECB requirement, set at 10.25%% after 2015 Supervisory Review and Evaluation Process (SREP)), as well as planning to list in the Borsa Italiana in mid-2016. As at 31 March 2016 the bank had a net assets per share of about €15.5, or €3 in nominal value. However, due to low demand of the new shares, the bank priced the new share at €0.5 to €0.1 per share. The stock market listing failed to generate interest, with only one institutional investor taking up the offer and existing shareholders buying just 2.2% (some of them excised rights of withdrew at a later time). As a result, the newly created bail-out fund (created by banking sector in voluntary basis), Atlante, which had underwritten the share issue (previously underwritten by Intesa Sanpaolo), became the majority shareholder, which subscribed €988,582,329.50 out of €1 billion new shares of the bank, making the private sector led bail out fund owned 97.64% shares of the bank. The bank's CET1 ratio was increased to an estimated 11% immediately after the capital increase, despite decreased to 10.74% on 30 June 2016.
However, the bank capital base was deteriorated further due to more write-down on non-performing loans (NPLs), as well as 2016 SREP maintained the requirement on Tier 1 capital ratio for 10.25%, plus unpublished capital recommendation (pillar II guidance). According to the bank, the bank's Tier 1 ratio on 30 June 2016 was 10.74%, just 0.49% higher than requirement. In January 2017, Atlante deposited €628 million as future capital increase. On 2 February 2017 the bank issued €3.5 billion bond with state-guarantee, which would matured in 2019 and 2020 respectively, in order to improve its capital base. A further €1.4 billion state-guaranteed bond were issued on 1 June 2017.
On 9 January 2017 Veneto Banca offered to buy back the shares that were sold from 2007 to 2016 for 15% of the original price, despite the net asset value per unit of those shares had already diluted significantly due to 2016 capital increase. The bank wanted to buy back the shares in order to avoid high legal cost on settlement on accused mis-selling of shares to retail investors and savers. On 11 April, the bank announced that 54,374 shareholders had accepted the offer (around 72.6% of the total number of shareholders), for €248.5 million.
On 17 March 2017, Veneto Banca (and sister bank Banca Popolare di Vicenza (BPVi)) requested a "precautionary recapitalization" by the Italian state. A government bank rescue fund had already set up in December 2016 for €20 billion.
At the same time, the new business plan for year 2017–2021 was announced. Veneto Banca would seek the opportunity to merge with sister bank BPVi. Fabrizio Viola, chairman of BPVi, was also the member of the board of directors of Veneto Banca. However, based on the capital shortfall that forecast by 2016 bank stress test by European Central Bank, Veneto Banca along had a capital shortfall of €3.1 billion in the worst forecast scenario (if setting the CET 1 Ratio target even at worst forecast scenario at 8%). After deducting the contribution from Atlante, the bank seek investor including the government for the remaining €2.472 billion shortfall.
On 3 April, the draft annual report was approved by the board of directors. If excluding the deposit of Atlante for the future capital increase, despite the drop on risk-weighed assets, the greater drop in the capital making the bank had a CET1 ratio (at group level) of just 6.39%, even worse than the level in December 2015 due to heavy loan write-down.
In mid-2017, it was reported that European Central Bank requested the bank have to seek private sector to recapitalize the bank first, in order to reach the solvent criteria for a "precautionary recapitalization" by the Italian Government. However, the major shareholder Atlante had stated that the fund had run out of money to invest, as well as the shareholders behind the fund, the major banks of Italy refused to invest further.
On 23 June 2017, the European Central Bank and the Single Resolution Board determined Veneto Banca and sister bank BPVi were insolvent, but not yet fulfilled the criteria to put the bank in resolution by the board. The two banks would be wound up by Italian government under Italian laws, into good and bad banks instead. After expressing the interests to acquire some of the good assets (the "good banks") of Veneto Banca and BPVi, a contract was signed on 26 June. However, Banca Intermobiliare was excluded from the sales. European Commission also approved the state aid of Italy to Intesa Sanpaolo for the incentive to close down the branches of the "good banks" (as some of them overlapped with Intesa's network), as well as recapitalized the good banks, for about €4.785 billion on 25 June. As part of the "bail-in" rule, Atlante and other shareholders and subordinated bondholders would receive nothing. However, Intesa also announced that the bank would set up a fund to repaid the bonds that were held by small investors.
The whole banking system of Italy had spent over €4 billion in mandatory contribution to the resolution of 4 small banks between 2015 and 2017, with some bank contributed in FITD voluntary scheme's €280 million "investment" in C.R. Cesena, as well as part of the €3.4 billion "investment" in Atlante bank rescue fund on BPVi and Veneto Banca and BPVi. On 15 June, FITD, one of the two deposit insurance fund by bank mandatory contribution (voluntary scheme by voluntary contribution), had said the fund did not have money to rescue (The Economist said it would be €12.5 billion) as well as the voluntary scheme of the fund would not be activated as there was no agreement between the members of the fund.
- Banca Apulia, sold to Intesa Sanpaolo by the liquidator
- Banca di Bergamo, absorbed by the bank
- Banca Meridiana, absorbed by the bank
- Banca Popolare di Intra, absorbed by the bank
- Banca Popolare di Monza e Brianza, absorbed by the bank
- Cassa di Risparmio di Fabriano e Cupramontana, based in Fabriano, Marche, absorbed by the bank
- ARCA SGR (19.999%)
- Banca Consulia (formerly known as Banca IPIBI) (25.52%)
- "2016 Progetto di Bilancio" [2016 Draft Annual Report] (PDF) (in Italian). Veneto Banca. 7 April 2017 [modified on 10 April 2017]. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- "UPDATE 1-Italy's bailout fund to take over Veneto Banca after IPO flop". Reuters. 24 June 2016.
- "Intesa Sanpaolo is available to acquire certain assets and liabilities of Banca Popolare di Vicenza and Veneto Banca under specific conditions" (Press release). Intesa Sanpaolo. 21 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- "Italy's €17bn bank job: Self-preservation at a long-term EU price? | Nils Pratley". 26 June 2017.
- "LE PRINCIPALI BANCHE ITALIANE" (PDF) (in Italian). Ricerche e Studi. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- "AGGREGATE REPORT ON THE COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT" (PDF). European Central Bank. October 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "REGISTRATION IN THE COMPANIES REGISTER OF THE RESOLUTION FOR TRANSFORMATION INTO A JOINT-STOCK COMPANY METHODS AND TERMS FOR EXERCISING THE RIGHT OF WITHDRAWAL" (PDF). Veneto Banca. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
- "VENETO BANCA: EXERCISE OF RIGHT OF WITHDRAWAL COMPLETED" (PDF). Veneto Banca. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
- "2015 Annual Report" (PDF). Veneto Banca. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "OFFERTA DELLE AZIONI DI VENETO BANCA, DEFINITA LA "FORCHETTA DI PREZZO" PER AZIONE: MINIMO 0,10 EURO, MASSIMO 0,50 EURO" (PDF) (in Italian). Veneto Banca. 31 May 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
- "RISULTATI PRELIMINARI DELL'OFFERTA IN OPZIONE DI VENETO BANCA" (PDF) (in Italian). Veneto Banca. 23 June 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- "COMUNICATO STAMPA" (PDF) (in Italian). Quaestio Capital Management SGR. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
- "VENETO BANCA GROUP: RESULT OF THE 2016 SREP PROCESS" (PDF). Veneto Banca. 16 December 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "PRESS RELEASE" (PDF). Veneto Banca. 21 December 2016. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "COMUNICATO STAMPA" [Press Release] (PDF) (in Italian). Veneto Banca. 2 February 2017.
- "STATE-GUARANTEED BOND ISSUANCE OF NOMINAL 1.4 BILLION EURO" (PDF) (Press release). Veneto Banca. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "LAUNCH OF SETTLEMENT INITIATIVE FOR SHAREHOLDERS" (PDF) (Press release). Veneto Banca. 9 January 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
- "BOARD OF DIRECTORS WAIVES THE "CONDITION PRECEDENT" FORSEEN BY THE OFFER REGULATION, THUS MAKING THE SETTLEMENT OFFER EFFECTIVE" (PDF) (Press release). Veneto Banca. 11 April 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- "Press Release" (PDF) (Press release). Veneto Banca. 17 March 2017. Retrieved 7 April 2017.
- "Il Governo avvia l'operazione salva-risparmio" (Press release) (in Italian). Ministry of Economy and Finance. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
- "Press Release" (PDF). Veneto Banca. 4 April 2017. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- Fairless, Tom (23 June 2017). "European Central Bank Orders Two Italian Lenders Closed" – via www.wsj.com.
- Ewing, Jack (2017-06-23). "European Central Bank Moves to Wind Down Two Italian Banks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
- "ECB deemed Veneto Banca and Banca Popolare di Vicenza failing or likely to fail". European Central Bank. 23 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- "Intesa Sanpaolo signs contract to acquire certain assets and liabilities of Banca Popolare di Vicenza and Veneto Banca". Intesa Sanpaolo. 26 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- "State aid: Commission approves aid for market exit of Banca Popolare di Vicenza and Veneto Banca under Italian insolvency law, involving sale of some parts to Intesa Sanpaolo". European Commission. 25 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- "The complicated failure of two Italian lenders". The Economist. 1 July 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2017.
- "Veneto Banca Popolare di Vicenza: FITD non sarà il salvatore, Unicredit e Intesa sono isolate". investireoggi (in Italian). 15 June 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
- "History". Eximbank Gruppo Veneto Banca. Retrieved 19 October 2017.