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Velvia is a brand of daylight-balanced color reversal film produced by the Japanese company Fujifilm. The name is a portmanteau of "Velvet Media", a reference to its smooth image structure. The original incarnation of the film was called "Velvia for Professionals", known as RVP, a classification code meaning "Reversal/Velvia/Professional series". It is known for its extremely high level of color saturation and image quality.

Velvia
RVP[1]
Velvia50-135-box-top.jpeg
MakerFujifilm
SpeedISO 50/18°
TypeColor slide
BalanceDaylight
ProcessE-6
Format35mm, 120, 220, 4×5 in, 8×10 in, 13×18 cm, Super 8, 16mm
Third party
GrainRMS 9
Exposure
latitude
±½ stop
Saturationvery high
ApplicationNature
Introduced1990
Discontinued2005[2]
Velvia 50 (Velvia II)
RVP50[1]
Fujichrome RVP50.jpg
MakerFujifilm
SpeedISO 50/18°
TypeColor slide
BalanceDaylight
ProcessE-6
Format35mm, 120, 220*, 4×5 in, 8×10 in*, QuickLoad 4×5 in*
*Discontinued[3][4]
GrainRMS 9
Exposure
latitude
±½ stop
Saturationvery high
ApplicationNature
Introduced2007
Velvia 100
RVP 100[1]
Fuji film Velvia.jpg
Fuji Velvia 100 film cartridge
SpeedISO 100/21°
TypeColor
Format35mm, 120, 220, 4×5 in, 8×10 in
GrainRMS 8
Exposure
latitude
±½ stop
Saturationvery high
ApplicationNature
Introduced2005
Velvia 100F
RVP 100F[1]
SpeedISO 100/21°
TypeColor
Format35mm, 120, 220, 4×5 in, 8×10 in, 9×12 cm, 13×18 cm
GrainRMS 8
Exposure
latitude
±½ stop
Saturationhigh
ApplicationNature
Introduced2002
Discontinued2012[5]

Velvia (RVP[1]) was introduced in 1990[6][7] and quickly became a "must try" film, giving Kodachrome 25 some stiff competition as the industry standard in high-definition color film.[citation needed] It has brighter and generally more accurate color reproduction (though many see its high color saturation as unrealistic), finer grain, twice the speed, and a more convenient process (E-6). Kodachrome 25 fell out of popularity a few years after Velvia was introduced (in part because of Kodak's lack of interest in promoting their film); Kodachrome 64 and 200 followed more slowly. Kodachrome 25 had previously been considered the film to which all other films had been compared, and cannot fairly be compared to Velvia, as Kodachrome is an entirely different process, in which the image is produced with "color clouds" more so than grain.

Velvia has the highest resolving power of any slide film.[8][9] A 35 mm Velvia slide can resolve up to 160 lines per mm.[10]

Contents

AppearanceEdit

Velvia has very saturated colors under daylight, high contrast, and exceptional sharpness. These characteristics make it the slide film of choice for many nature photographers.[citation needed]

SpeedsEdit

The original Velvia (RVP) was an ISO 50 film. In practice, many photographers used an exposure index (EI) of 40 or 32 to increase exposure slightly (one or two thirds of a stop respectively) in order to yield less saturated colors and more shadow detail.[citation needed] It was discontinued in 2008.

Velvia 50 (RVP50[1]) was reintroduced, on the new film base, in 2009 after announcements under the provisional name Velvia II in 2008. The original Velvia (RVP) had been discontinued because of difficulties in obtaining some of the raw materials needed to make the emulsion. Fuji R&D created a new emulsion which substituted different materials in its manufacture yet retained the appearance of the classic Velvia.[11]

Velvia 100F (RVP 100F[1]) offers saturated colors, better color fidelity and higher contrast. It was introduced in 2002[12] and discontinued in 2012 although stocks are still available.[13][14] Velvia 100F is less saturated than RVP50 and is accurate in color rendition with the exception of yellow. It exaggerates this color, especially when there is a slight yellowish cast in the scene. On film, this will be a deeper and more noticeable yellow. Skin color was rendered better.[15]

Velvia 100 (RVP 100)[16] is about as saturated as the original version (RVP) but has lower contrast.[citation needed] The newer speed also has finer grain (an RMS granularity value of 8), and uses the color correction layers found in Provia 100F. Velvia 100 (RVP 100) was introduced in 2005, to replace the discontinued original Velvia (RVP).[5] The color rendition of Velvia 100 seems to favor the red end of the spectrum. Beige will be seen as more reddish. Blues and greens are rendered very well.[according to whom?][neutrality is disputed] Reds are especially vibrant.[according to whom?]

Long exposure problemsEdit

The original Velvia (RVP) suffered much more from reciprocity failure than most other films. Exposing the film for as little as 16 seconds produced a color shift, typically to purple or green, depending on shooting conditions. Anything over four seconds requires the use of magenta color correction filters if correct color balance is required, exposures of 64 seconds and longer are "not recommended" by Fuji.[8]

Velvia 100 (RVP 100) is much better with long exposures: no reciprocity failure compensation is required for exposures shorter than 1 minute.[17]

Velvia in cinematographyEdit

Velvia film stock was available through 2006[citation needed] and was used for many commercials, but rarely for feature films. Its main use in movies was for shooting stock landscape shots and special-effects background plates. One example is the 1998 film What Dreams May Come, which took place largely within a painting. After being discontinued, the closest replacement for the original Velvia film stock was Eterna Vivid 160, which produced roughly the same color effect while being more easily processed. Since 2013 Fujifilm has ended production of all motion picture film.[18]

Since 2006, Velvia 50 D (also sold as Cinevia) is available in Super 8 via three independent companies, Pro8mm in the US, and GK Film and Wittner Kinotechnik in Europe. However, demand for it is higher than those companies together are currently capable of properly[clarification needed] supplying. Spectra Film and Video has also been loading Fuji Velvia into Super 8 cartridges and for 16 mm. They recently modified the Kodak-supplied cartridges to ensure a smoother transport of Velvia film through the cartridge.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Paul, Matthias R. (2006-09-26). "Neuer Diafilm: Fuji Provia 400X" [New slide film: Fuji Provia 400X]. Minolta-Forum (in German). Retrieved 2016-02-01.
    "RA" - Fujichrome Sensia II 100 (1997?), Sensia 100 ("New" (2000?) [Europa], Sensia III 100 [Japan]
    "RAP 100" - Fujichrome Astia 100 Professional (1997)
    "RAP 100F" (also "RAP F"?) - Fujichrome Astia 100F Professional (2003 - 2010)
    "RD" - Fujichrome 100, Sensia 100 (original) (1994?) (reportedly also Sensia II 100?)
    ".RD"? - Fujichrome Sensia 100 (original) (1994?)
    "RD II" - Fujichrome?
    "RDP" - Fujichrome 100 D Professional (1993)
    "RDP II" - Fujichrome Provia 100 Professional (1994)
    "RDP III" - Fujichrome Provia 100F Professional (1999 - according to Gert Koshofer several modifications without name changes)
    "RF" - Fujichrome 50 (1993)
    "RFP" - Fujichrome 50 D Professional (1993)
    "RH" - Fujichrome 400 (1993), Fujichrome Sensia 400, Sensia II 400
    "RHP" - Fujichrome 400 D Professional (1993) (reportedly also Fujichrome Provia 400 Professional?)
    "RHP II" - Fujichrome Provia 400 Professional (never produced according to an article by Gert Koshofer?)
    "RHP III" - Fujichrome Provia 400F Professional (ca. 2001 - 2007)
    "RXP" - Fujichrome Provia 400X Professional (2006/2007 - 2013)
    "RM" - Fujichrome Sensia 200 (2000?), Sensia II 200
    "RMS" - Fujichrome Multispeed MS 100/1000 Professional (1998) (ISO 100, pushable to ISO 200 (P1), 400 (P2), 800 (P3), 1000 (P4))
    "?" - Fujichrome 800?
    "RSP" - Fujichrome 1600 D Professional (1993), Fujichrome Provia 1600 Professional
    "RSP II" - Fujichrome P1600 D Professional
    "RTP" - Fujichrome 64T Professional (ISO 64) (1993)
    "RTP II" - Fujichrome 64T Type II Tungsten Professional (ISO 64) (1999?)
    "RTP III"? - Fujichrome T64 Tungsten Professional (ISO 64) (2006)
    "RVP" - Fujichrome Velvia Professional (ISO 50) (1989/1990 - 2005/2006)
    "RVP50" - Fujichrome Velvia II? Professional (ISO 50) (2006/2007)
    "RVP 100" - Fujichrome Velvia 100 Professional (2003/2005)
    "RVP 100F" (also "RVP F"?) - Fujichrome Velvia 100F Professional (2002/2003 - 2012)
    "?" - 'Cinevia' (Fujichrome Velvia 50 D in Super-8 cartridge) (2006)
    "?" - Fujichrome fortia (ISO 50) (2004 - limited edition) [Japan]
    "?" - Fujichrome fortia SP Professional (ISO 50) (2005 - limited edition) [Japan] (Known production batch "FUJI FORTIA SP-162" in 2006, "164-101" in 2007)
    "?" - Fujichrome TREBI 100C (2001) [Japan]
    "?" - Fujichrome TREBI 400 [Japan]
    "CDU" - Fujichrome CDU Duplicating Film
    "CDU II" - Fujichrome CDU II Duplicating Film (ISO 5 - 10)
    "?" - Fujichrome 25 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 50 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 80 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 100 ix
    "?" - Fujichrome 150 ix
    Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help) [1] (NB. Comprehensive overview on Fujifilm Fujichrome slide film codes.)
  2. ^ "Fuji Velvia 50". Retrieved 2009-03-25.
  3. ^ "British Journal of Photography". Bjp-online.com. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  4. ^ "Looks like bad news for slides". Talk Photography. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  5. ^ a b "British Journal of Photography". Bjp-online.com. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  6. ^ http://www.kenrockwell.com/fuji/velvia-50.htm
  7. ^ http://www.earthseapublishing.com/magazines/photographic/pdf/1990%207%20Super%20Film%20Shootout.pdf
  8. ^ a b "Fuji Velvia" (PDF). Fujifilm.com. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  9. ^ "The Green Signature Darkroom". Thegreensignature.com. Retrieved 2013-02-04.
  10. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia for Professionals (RVP)" (PDF). Fujifilm. 2004-02-25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-06-10.
  11. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 50 Professional (RVP50)" (PDF). Fujifilm. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
  12. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 50 Professional". Retrieved 2011-01-17.
  13. ^ "British Journal of Photography". Bjp-online.com. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  14. ^ "Looks like bad news for slides". Talk Photography. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  15. ^ http://www.popphoto.com/gear/2008/12/velvia-100f-best-slide-film-ever
  16. ^ "Velvia 100 datasheet" (PDF). Fujifilm Corporation. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
  17. ^ "FUJICHROME Velvia 100 Professional (RVP 100)" (PDF). Fujifilm. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
  18. ^ "Discontinued Films". Fujifilm Global. Retrieved 2019-02-28.

External linksEdit