Veghel (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvɛɣəl] (listen)) is a town and a former municipality in the southern Netherlands. On 1 January 2017 Veghel, together with Schijndel and Sint-Oedenrode, merged into a new municipality called Meierijstad creating the largest municipality of the province North-Brabant in terms of land area.
Town and Former municipality
Location in North Brabant
|• Town||78.92 km2 (30.47 sq mi)|
|• Land||78.16 km2 (30.18 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.76 km2 (0.29 sq mi)|
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|• Town||data missing|
|• Urban density||2,272/km2 (5,880/sq mi)|
|• Metro region||161,900|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The first settlements date back to Roman times and were established near the River Aa. The oldest written record of Veghel dates from 1225. It is a document of the Abbey of Berne, written in Latin on a piece of parchment, and describes several properties owned by the abbey. Among those is an estate located in the settlement of "Vehchele".
In 1310, John II of Brabant granted the inhabitants the right to use common grounds. For some decades in the 16th and 17th century the municipality was ruled by the Lords Van Erp, residing at their castle of Frisselsteijn in Veghel.
In 1648 Veghel became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands. As a former part of the Duchy of Brabant, Veghel is situated in the Meierij of 's-Hertogenbosch. As a Catholic town, Veghel (like all the other areas of Brabant and Limburg which were transferred to the Netherlands by the Peace of Westphalia) suffered economic and religious oppression from the Protestant Dutch and was part of the military buffer zone of the Dutch Republic.
In 1719 Veghel became a market town, when it was granted market rights by the States General of the Netherlands, receiving the privilege of holding weekly markets and four annual fairs. However, it was not until the French wars of 1795 that Veghel formally received freedom of religion again and received a guarantee of full common rights from the Dutch government. In 1810 Veghel became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. From the middle of the 19th century the agrarian market town began developing into an industrial town as a consequence of the opening of the South Willem's Canal. The construction of large-scale buildings like the neogothic church by Pierre Cuypers and the neoclassical town hall dates from that period. Monastic orders made Veghel a regional centre of health care and education, which it remains to this day.
The period since the 1950s has seen much growth, with the development of new industries and the establishment in Veghel of several international companies (e.g. Mars, Incorporated, FrieslandCampina, DMV International, Agrifirm, Kuehne + Nagel, DHL Supply Chain, Alliance Healthcare, ThyssenKrupp and Vanderlande Industries). Its shopping centre and marketplace earned the town the name of "Pearl of the Meierij". Veghel is an educational centre for the surrounding district with several secondary schools, a senior secondary vocational school, and one of the oldest higher vocational schools in the area: the Pedagogic Academy, which was founded in 1872.
Since 1994, Veghel and the neighbouring town of Erp have formed a single municipality.
Population figures as of 1 January 2015, ranked by size:
Population figures as of 1 January 2015, ranked by size:
Compared to other towns in the region, the ethnic makeup of Veghel is relatively diverse. More than 22% of the town's population, or 17% of the municipality's population, is of foreign origin. In total, Veghel is home to people of more than a hundred different nationalities. About 90% of the municipality's total foreign population lives inside the town proper of Veghel.
|Largest foreign ethnic groups (2015)|
Every November sees the celebration of the entry of St Nicholas (Sinterklaas). Every two year in June or July The Slokdarmfestival takes place. On 1 September the harbour festival takes place. In February or March the traditional carnival is held.
Twin towns - sister citiesEdit
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 5461KN". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2010" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2010]. CBS Statline; Urban area (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2014" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2014]. CBS Statline; Metro region (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- CBS. "In twintig jaar bijna 240 gemeenten minder". www.cbs.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2016-12-30.
- "Population per centre as of 01-01-2015". Municipality of Veghel. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Jos & Cor Swanenberg: Taal in stad en land: Oost-Brabants, ISBN 9012090105
- "1e + 2e generatie allochtonen (incl. Westerse) per duizend inwoners" [1st & 2nd-generation immigrants (inc. Westerners) per capita]. Brabant databank (in Dutch). Province of North Brabant. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Kerncijfers voor bevolking; leeftijd, herkomstgroepering, geslacht en regio" [Key figures for population; age, ethnic background, gender and region]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Buitenlandse nationaliteiten in Veghel per 01-01-2015" [Foreign nationalities in Veghel by 1/1/2015] (in Dutch). Municipality of Veghel. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2015" [Key figures for neighbourhoods 2015]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.