Mehmet Vedat Tek (1873–1942) was a Turkish architect who was one of the leading figures of the First Turkish National Architectural Movement.

Vedat Tek
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Died1942 (aged 68–69)
Alma materAcadémie Julian, Paris
École Centrale Paris and
Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, France
BuildingsSecond Turkish Grand National Assembly Building, Ankara[1][2]
Istanbul Main Post Office, Sirkeci[1]
Istanbul Land Registry and Cadastre Building, Sultanahmet,
Kastamonu Governor's Office

Early life and educationEdit

Of Cretan Muslim origin, Vedat Tek was born in Istanbul to the governor of Baghdad Province Giritli Sırrı Pasha and composer Leyla Saz as their second son. His older brother was Yusuf Razi Bel (1870–1947), who later became an engineer.[3][4]

After finishing Galatasaray High School in Istanbul, he was sent to France for higher education. He attended Académie Julian for studies in painting and then studied at the École Centrale Paris, graduating with a degree in civil engineering before he got his further education in architecture at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris.[5][6] He thus became the first formally educated Turkish architect.[7]


Early workEdit

After returning home in 1897, Vedat Tek contributed with his projects to the forming of the first Turkish national architecture movement (Turkish: Birinci Ulusal Mimarlık)[1] along with Mimar Kemaleddin Bey.[5] He served awhile as the chief architect of the Engineering Corps at the Ministry of War. Later, Sultan Mehmet V appointed him chief court architect.[8]

He also gave lectures at Sanayi-i Nefise Mekteb-i (today's Mimar Sinan University of Fine Arts) and Mühendis Mekteb-i Alisi (today's Istanbul Technical University). Vedat Tek was one of the first Turkish lecturers at the Academy of Fine Arts.[citation needed]

Architect of the Post and Telegraph MinistryEdit

Vedat Tek became popular as an architect because of his project for the Kastamonu Governor's Office (1902). He was appointed architect for the Ministry of Post and Telegraph in 1905. His main assignment was the Istanbul Main Post Office, his largest achievement in his architectural career.[citation needed]

Chief architect of the Ottoman PalacesEdit

Vedat Tek became the chief architect of the palaces after Sultan Abdul Hamid II left the throne in 1909 and was succeeded by Mehmed V. As such, he restored about 20 palaces. But when Mehmed VI became sultan, he was dismissed.[citation needed]

Republic eraEdit

After the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey, Vedat Tek was called to Ankara. He built the second building for the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and the Gazi Pavilion there. While he was preparing plans for Ankara Palas, however, the project was taken out of his hands and given to Mimar Kemaleddin.[citation needed]

Personal lifeEdit

Vedat Tek was married to Firdevs. From this marriage, they had three daughters.[9]

Vedat Tek died in 1942 and was laid to rest at the Edirnekapı Martyr's Cemetery in Istanbul.

Projects and buildingsEdit

House of Vedat Tek in Nişantaşı, Istanbul.
Second Turkish parliament building (Republic Museum today), Ankara. An example of the First National Architecture Movement.

He was the architect of various beautiful buildings in Istanbul; some of his notable projects and buildings including:

The First National Architecture was characterized by the creation of entirely new designs with elements taken off the Seljuk and Ottoman architecture. The buildings all over the country designed in that style had a sweeping overhanging roof, tiled panels on the façade, large arched windows and jutting semi-circular ornaments in common.[1]

Vedat Tek was known for his colorful and ornate style in architecture.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Captivating Kastamonu". Sunday's Zaman. 2009-01-25. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
  2. ^ a b c Yale, Pat (2010-01-10). "Climbing through Ankara's history: From Ulus to the Kale". Retrieved 2010-09-01.
  3. ^ Çetin, Mahmut (1997). Boğaz'daki aşiret (in Turkish). Edile. p. 99.
  4. ^ Neyzi, Nezihe; Leyla Neyzi (1999). Küçük hanım'dan rubu asırlık adam'a: Nezihe Neyzi'den oğlu Nezih Neyzi'ye (in Turkish). p. 20.
  5. ^ a b c d Ergüvenç, Yılmaz (2007-03-30). "Son Yüzyılın Türk Mimarlık Sanatına Genel Bir Bakış (II)". Kent Haber (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2010-09-01.
  6. ^ Beck, Christa; Christiane Forsting (1997). Istanbul: an architectural guide. p. 92. ISBN 3-89508-638-X.
  7. ^ Pamir, Haluk (1986). "Architectural Education in Turkey in its Social Context". In Evin, Ahmet (ed.). Architecture Education in the Islamic World. Architectural Transformations in the Islamic World. Concept Media (for the Aga Khan Award for Architecture). p. 135.
  8. ^ Sözen, Metin; Mete Tapan (1973). 50 yılın Türk mimarisi (in Turkish). p. 101.
  9. ^ Türk dili: dil ve edebiyat dergisi (in Turkish). Vol. 634–636. Türk Dil Kurumu. 2004. p. 614.
  10. ^ Altan, Mehmet (2008-10-26). "Yaz saati uygulaması faydalı mı?". Haber 10 (in Turkish). Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  11. ^ Özbey, Savaş (2006-12-15). "Savaş askere gitti hiper bize emanet". Hürriyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  12. ^ "Tayyare Şehitleri Anıtı". Kent Haber (in Turkish). 2008-02-11. Archived from the original on 2010-02-08. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  13. ^ "Kütahya'nın adi, seramikle anlatılan rivayete dayanıyor" (in Turkish). Tü 14 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  14. ^ Freely, John (2000) The companion guide to Istanbul and around the Marmara 428p 264pp
  15. ^ "İçki yasağı zirveye çıktı". Turizmde Bu Sabah (in Turkish). 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  16. ^ "Bölgemizin Tarihçesi-Doğancılar" (in Turkish). Soyak Bağlarbaşı Evleri Blog. 2008-02-29. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  17. ^ Öndin, Nilüfer (2003). Cumhuriyet'in kültür politikası ve sanat, 1923-1950 (in Turkish). p. 78.
  18. ^ "Cumhuriyet Müzesi". Kent Haber (in Turkish). 2008-02-05. Retrieved 2010-09-02.
  • Tonguç, Saffet Emre; Pat Yale (2010). Istanbul Hakkında Herşey (in Turkish). Istanbul: Boyut Yayınları.