Vazken Andréassian

Vazken Andréassian (Armenian: Վազգէն Անդրէասեան; 10 April 1903 – 30 November 1995) was a French engineer and author of Armenian descent.

Vazken Andréassian
Վազգէն Անդրէասեան
01-Griffon-Vazken-Andréassian.png
Born(1903-04-10)10 April 1903
Died30 November 1995(1995-11-30) (aged 92)
Occupation(s)Engineer, author

ChildhoodEdit

Vazken Andréassian was born in the village of Hazari near the city of Çemişgezek in the Ottoman Empire. He lived there until the destruction of the village in 1915. He later related his experiences in a three-volume book titled Hazariabadoum.[1] After the village's destruction, he entered Tchimichgadzak Armenian school under the direction of Boghos Zenneyan.[citation needed]

Deportation and exileEdit

Following the beginning of the Armenian genocide on 13 June 1915, Turkish gendarmes came to Hazari under the pretext of protecting the Armenian population. However, much of the local population was deported, exiled from Turkey to Syria, or exterminated. Hazari was attacked and looted by Kurdish mountaineers from the Tunceli Province.[citation needed]

Those villagers who escaped, including the Andréassians, took refuge in Kurdish villages where they were protected from the Turkish gendarmes who were hunting them. After spending the winter under the protection of the Kurds in Akrag village, hunger drove the family to the Russian lines in Erznga. Andréassian moved to Tiflis where he was housed in a refugee camp. There he met Vahan Totovents, with whom he worked at the editorial office of the Hayasdan newspaper, founded by General Andranik Ozanian.[2] He studied briefly at the Edchmiadzine seminary, which was later closed because of the Russian Revolution. After this he moved to Vladicaucase. Upon hearing of the armistice ending World War I, Andréassian left for Constantinople. In Constantinople, he studied at the Central Armenian School[3] and was mentored by its director Kegham Kavafyan. He graduated in 1923.

 
The 1923 class of the Central Armenian School, with the director, Kegham Kavafyan, at center.

Exile in FranceEdit

Under pressure from Turkish nationalists, Allied forces, which had occupied Constantinople since the end of World War I, evacuated the town in 1923. This resulted in the departure of many Christians, who felt unsafe. Vazken Andréassian left Constantinople for Marseille, France. With the help and financial support of Commandant Zadig Khanzadian, he entered the École nationale des arts et métiers, in Aix-en-Provence and graduated in 1927.[citation needed]

Work in the aeronautical industryEdit

 
Griffon in the Bourget aeronautical museum

Andréassian worked for the Arsenal de l'Aéronautique, which later became Nord-Aviation. He took part in the design study for the Arsenal VG-70. He then worked on the construction of the prototype Arsenal VG-70,[4] the prototype Gerfaut, and the prototype Griffon.[citation needed]

 
The conception team surrounding André Turcat: Andréassian is standing at the extreme right

Contributions to ScoutingEdit

Andréassian was a member of the Scouting movement[5][6] from 1913 onwards, first as a member of the Tchmchgadzak troop, then as a member of the Homenetmen movement after 1918.

 
Parade of the Homenetmen Armenian Scouts in Constantinople in 1918; V. Andréassian carries the flag

In July 1924, he founded the Marseille branch of Homenetmen, and the first troop of Armenian Scouts in France. He became the commissioner of the Armenian Scouts in France after World War II.[citation needed]

Personal lifeEdit

Vazken Andréassian was the brother-in-law of Vahan Cheraz[7] and the cousin of the Armenian-American writers, Jack (Ardavazt) Antreassian[8] and Antranig Antreassian. He was the grandfather of the hydrologist of the same name.[citation needed]

BooksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Notice bibliographique: Hazariapatowm [Texte imprimé] : Vēp. Anskizb ew anvaxč̣an" (in French). BnF catalogue général. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  2. ^ "Notice bibliographique: Andranik [Texte imprimé] / Vazgēn Andrēasean" (in French). BnF catalogue général. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Özel Getronagan Ermeni Lisesi". Getronagan.k12.tr. 18 December 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  4. ^ Bruno Parmentier (17 June 2000). "Arsenal VG-70 - Expérimental - Un siècle d'aviation française" (in French). Aviafrance. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  5. ^ "Notice bibliographique:Hay skaowtin aṙaǰnordë [Texte imprimé] / Vazgēn Andrēasean" (in French). BnF catalogue général. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Hay sgaoudin aradchnorte - Հայ Սկաուտին Առաջնորդը by Vazken Andréassian". ISSUU. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  7. ^ "Notice bibliographique: Vahan Čeraz ew ir ergn Hayastani [Texte imprimé] / Vazgēn Andrēasean" (in French). BnF catalogue général. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  8. ^ "In Memoriam: Jack Antreassian (1920-2009)". Armenian Weekly. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  9. ^ "Hay sgaoudin aradchnorte - Հայ Սկաուտին Առաջնորդը by Vazken Andréassian". ISSUU. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  10. ^ "Hazariabadoum tome 1 - Հազարիապատում հատոր Ա. by Vazken Andréassian". ISSUU. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  11. ^ "Hazariabadoum tome 2 - Հազարիհապատում հատոր Բ by Vazken Andréassian". ISSUU. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  12. ^ "Hazari : vie et survie d'un village arménien après juin 1915 by Vazken Andréassian". ISSUU. Retrieved 1 September 2013.