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Vazhappally Sree Mahadevar Temple is a Hindu temple located in Vazhappally near Changanassery in Kottayam district in the Indian state of Kerala. Believed to be constructed in the 1st Chera king. According to the legend, Kerala is the land gifted by Lord Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu. The installation of the idol of the Lord Mahadeva was performed by Lord Parasurama himself.[2][3] The Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple is one of the few temples of the state where two Nalambalam and two Flagmast are dedicated. This magnificent temple is one among the 108 Siva Temples established by Lord Parasurama. Lord Maha Vishnu was incarnated as Parasurama in the Tretayuga; the exact period of installation of this temple is not known.[4]

Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple
150px
Eastern entrance of Vazhappally temple
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictKottayam
DeityLord Shiva,
Parvati,
Ganesha
FestivalsPainkuni Festival,
Mudiyeduppu,
Shivaratri
Location
LocationVazhappally, Changanassery
StateKerala
CountryIndia
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple is located in Kerala
Vazhappally Maha Siva Temple
Location within Kerala
Geographic coordinates9°27′21.852″N 76°31′35.8824″E / 9.45607000°N 76.526634000°E / 9.45607000; 76.526634000Coordinates: 9°27′21.852″N 76°31′35.8824″E / 9.45607000°N 76.526634000°E / 9.45607000; 76.526634000
Architecture
TypeKerala Traditional
CreatorChera Dynasty
CompletedReconstructed c. 800 CE [1]
Temple(s)2
InscriptionsVazhappally Script

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Flag mast of Mahadevar temple

Vazhappally temple is historically important and contains some records of the reign of Rama Rajasekhara (c. 800—844 AD [5]) besides some fine seventeenth century wood carvings (Daarusilpas) depicting figurines from epics. The Vattezhuttu inscription on the northern part of the base of the cultural shrine indicates that the repairs were completed in Kollam era 840 (1665 AD). It is an ancient Grama Kshethra also known as “Dakshina Kailasam”

In ancient period, this temple had 54,000 para paddy fields (Nilam). The soldiers of Chempakassery Raja killed one Unni of Changazhimuttom family of Kuttanadu who has gone there to measure the “Patta Nelu” of Devaswom at Venattukara field. He is installed as a Bhramma Rakshas in this temple. In order to satisfy the Bhrahmma Rakshas, “Kazhumaram” was being made in front of the Rakshas Shrine and the Prathiroopam of Chempakassery Raja is hanged. But later, these forms were removed. The Raja gave the pooja items for Pantheeradi to the temple as a mark of his repentance for killing Unni. The Raja has appointed the members of Thiruvenkitapuram Warriam as the heir of “Pantheeradi Choru”.

The idol of the vazhappally temple is centuries old and is considered as the Siva of Neelamperoor temple. The legend behind this concept is that CheraRajaPallibana Perummal, a follower of Budha, when de-throwned by the “Hindu Bhattas” following a defeat in argument, reached Neelamperoor. The news came to the ears of the potties of pathillams (Chengazhimuttam, Kainikkara, Eravimangalam, Kunnithidasserry, Athrasserry, Kolencherry, Kizhangazhuthu, Kannancherry, Thalavana etc.),that perumal is going to install his personal idol at Neelamperoor. Pathillathil Pottimars run with the idol Shiva of Neelamperoor and installed that idol at Vazhappally.

Vazhappally Copper PlateEdit

 
Vazhappally Copper Plate
 
The Script/Plates Description

Vazhappally copper plate (c. 830 AD) is the earliest available inscription in Malayalam language. It is a temple committee resolution in the presence of the Chera king of Kodungallur Rama Rajasekhara (c. 800–844 AD).[6][7] The copper plate (incomplete) is engraved in an old form of Malayalam in Vattezhuthu and Grantha scripts. [8].

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. "Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124)" Kerala. Calicut University Press. 1996
  2. ^ Book Title: The Collected Aithihyamaala - The Garland of legends from Kerala Volume 1-3, Author: Kottarathil Sankunni Translated by Leela James, ISBN 978-93-5009-968-1; Publisher: Hachette Book Publishing india Pvt Ltd, 4/5 floor, Corporate Centre, Plot No.:94, Sector 44, Gurgaon, India 122003; (First published in Bhashaposhini Literary Magazine in 1855~1937)
  3. ^ Book Title: Kerala District Gazetteers: Palghat; Gazetteer of India Volume 6 of Kerala District Gazetteers, Kerala (India) Authors Kerala (India), C. K. Kareem Publisher printed by the Superintendent of Govt. Presses, 1976 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 2 Sep 2008 Subjects History › Asia › India & South Asia History / Asia / India & South Asia Kerala (India)
  4. ^ Book Title: Cultural Heritage of Kerala; Author Name: A. Sreedhara Menon; Publisher Name: D.C. Books, 2008; ISBN 8126419032, 9788126419036; Length 312 pages
  5. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. "Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124)" Kerala. Calicut University Press. 1996
  6. ^ Title Journal of the Epigraphical Society of India, Volume 24 Contributor Epigraphical Society of India Publisher The Society, 1998 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 8 May 2008
  7. ^ Book Title: The Dravidian Languages; Author/Edited by: Sanford B. Steever; Publisher: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE; British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data; ISBN 0-415-10023-2 First published 1998
  8. ^ Book Title: EARLY TAMIL EPIGRAPHY, Volume 62 Early Tamil Epigraphy Volume 62 of Harvard oriental series Editor Iravatham Mahadevan Edition illustrated Publisher Cre-A, 2003 Original from the University of Michigan Digitized 17 May 2008 ISBN 0674012275, 9780674012271 Length 719 pages

Temple PhotosEdit