Vaudreuil-Soulanges Regional County Municipality

Vaudreuil-Soulanges is a regional county municipality in Quebec, Canada. It is located on a triangular peninsula in the western Montérégie region of Quebec, formed by the confluence of the Ottawa River to the north, and the St. Lawrence River to the south. Ontario is located west of here.

Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Vaudreuil-Soulanges is at the triangle (centre right) formed west of the confluence of the Ottawa and Saint Lawrence River rivers in this satellite image.
Vaudreuil-Soulanges is at the triangle (centre right) formed west of the confluence of the Ottawa and Saint Lawrence River rivers in this satellite image.
Location in province of Quebec.
Location in province of Quebec.
Coordinates: 45°21′N 74°13′W / 45.350°N 74.217°W / 45.350; -74.217Coordinates: 45°21′N 74°13′W / 45.350°N 74.217°W / 45.350; -74.217[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
EffectiveApril 14, 1982
County seatVaudreuil-Dorion
Government
 • TypePrefecture
 • PrefectRobert Sauvé
Area
 • Total1,019.70 km2 (393.71 sq mi)
 • Land855.56 km2 (330.33 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total149,349
 • Density174.6/km2 (452/sq mi)
 • Change
2011-2016
Increase 7.2%
 • Dwellings
59,474
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Area code(s)450 and 579
Websitewww.mrcvs.ca

GeographyEdit

Vaudreuil-Soulanges is part of the St Lawrence Valley. Two million years ago the region was subject to a series of glaciations that covered much of North America. The last in the series was the Wisconsin glaciation. The ice sheet weighed down the landscape. This created the depressions in the land that created the basins for Lake Saint-Louis, Lac des Deux-Montagnes and Lake Saint-Francis. As the ice sheet eroded, the region was mostly submerged 12,000 years ago by an inland saltwater sea known as the Champlain sea. Once the glacier was melted, the land rose again, pushing the saltwater into the sea. 10,000 years ago the body of water, now a fresh water lake, has been named by scholars as Lake Lampsilis.

HistoryEdit

During the French colonial period, the region of New France was divided into several seigneuries populated by French colonists. [4]

  • Seigneurie de L'Île-Perrot founded on October 29, 1672 (modern day L'Île-Perrot, Pincourt, Notre-Dame-de-L'Île-Perrot and Terrasse-Vaudreuil)[5][6][circular reference]
  • Seigneurie de Vaudreuil founded on October 12, 1702 (modern day Vaudreuil-Dorion, Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac, L'Île-Cadieux, Saint-Lazare and Hudson[7][8][circular reference]
  • Seigneurie de Soulanges founded on October 12, 1702 (modern day Saint-Clet, Coteau-du-Lac, Les Cèdres and Pointe-des-Cascades)[9][10][circular reference]
  • Seigneurie de Rigaud founded on October 29, 1732 (modern day Rigaud, Sainte-Marthe, Pointe-Fortune and Très-Saint-Rédempteur)[11][12][circular reference]
  • Seigneurie de Nouvelle-Longueuil founded on April 21, 1734 (modern day Saint-Polycarpe, Saint-Télesphore, Saint-Zotique, Les Coteaux et Rivière-Beaudette)[13][14][circular reference]
  • Canton Newton founded in August 1791 (modern day Sainte-Justine-de-Newton, not part of the seigneurie system, was modeled after British township system)[15][16][circular reference]

The seigneurial system was finally abolished in 1854, nearly a century after Great Britain took over the territory after defeating France in the Seven Years' War.

It is the only county in Quebec that is south of the Ottawa River. Great Britain wanted to keep most of the French-speaking, ethnic French population of the area within Lower Canada during the 1791 division of Upper and Lower Canada (precursors to the provinces of Ontario and Quebec). It is geographically isolated from the Montérégie region, as it is its only county located north of the St. Lawrence River.

The name relates to the historical division of the area into two counties: Vaudreuil County -- (named after Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal, governor of New France) for the communities along the Ottawa River, and Soulanges County -- (named after Pierre-Jacques Joybert de Soulanges from Soulanges, Marne, France) for the communities along the St. Lawrence. Soulanges is a name of Québécois derivation, referring to its southerliness.

Since the RCM formation on 14 April 1982, the division of the county into "Vaudreuil" and "Soulanges" is still salient. The "Vaudreuil" area (consisting of the municipalities of Vaudreuil-Dorion, Saint-Lazare, Hudson, L'Île-Perrot, and others) is closer to Montreal. It is more suburban, populous, and economically and ethnically diverse. By contrast, the Soulanges area (including the municipalities of Saint-Polycarpe, Saint-Zotique, Coteau-du-Lac, Rivière-Beaudette and Les Coteaux) is predominantly rural, agricultural, and ethnically French-Canadian.

Owing to the county's geographic isolation within Quebec, and its growing population as a suburb of the city of Montreal, Elections Canada assigned the electoral district to the county in 1997.

SubdivisionsEdit

There are 23 subdivisions within the RCM:[2]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Vaudreuil-Soulanges Regional County Municipality community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 149,349 (+7.2% from 2011) 139,353 (+15.7% from 2006) 120,935 (+17.9% from 2001)
Land area: 855.36 km2 (330.26 sq mi) 855.36 km2 (330.26 sq mi) 854.84 km2 (330.06 sq mi)
Population density: 174.6/km2 (452/sq mi) 162.9/km2 (422/sq mi) 140.8/km2 (365/sq mi)
Median age: 40.7 (M: 40.3, F: 40.7) 39.2 (M: 38.9, F: 39.5) 38.3 (M: 38.0, F: 38.6)
Total private dwellings: 59,474 55,203
Median household income: $71,095 $71,095
References: 2016[17] 2011[18] 2006[19] earlier[20]
YearPop.±%
1991 84,503—    
1996 95,318+12.8%
YearPop.±%
2001 102,100+7.1%
2006 120,935+18.4%
YearPop.±%
2011 139,353+15.2%
2016 149,349+7.2%
[21][22][3]

Population History by County (1855-1982)Edit

 
1700-1855 - Seigneuries Vaudreuil-Soulanges
 
1855 - Vaudreuil-Soulanges
 
1982 - Vaudreuil-Soulanges
Population History by County, 1855-1982[23]
Municipality 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1956 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981
Comté de Vaudreuil 11,003 11,485 10,792 10,445 11,039 11,555 12,015 13,170 17,378 22,625 28,681 34,053 36,593 44,257 50,043
Comté de Soulanges 10,808 10,220 9,608 9,928 9,400 10,065 9,099 9,328 9,233 9,736 10,075 10,757 11,449 13,254 15,429
Vaudreuil-Soulanges 21,811 21,705 20,400 20,373 20,439 21,620 21,114 22,498 26,611 32,361 38,756 44,810 48,042 57,511 65,472

Population History by MunicipalityEdit

Population History by Municipality, 1986-2016[24]
Municipality 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 2016
Vaudreuil-Dorion 13,722 17,109 18,466 20,650 25,789 33,305 38,117
Saint-Lazare 5,065 9,055 11,193 12,895 17,016 19,215 19,889
Pincourt 9,121 9,749 10,023 10,155 11,197 14,305 14,558
L'Île-Perrot 6,586 8,065 9,178 9,063 9,927 10,503 10,756
Notre-Dame-de-l'Île-Perrot 4,325 5,261 7,059 8,737 9,885 10,620 10,654
Saint-Zotique 2,025 2,515 3,683 4,158 5,251 6,773 7,934
Rigaud 4,928 5,770 6,057 6,095 6,780 7,346 7,777
Coteau-du-Lac 3,550 4,193 4,960 5,684 6,346 6,842 7,044
Les Cèdres 3,320 3,836 4,641 5,128 5,732 6,079 6,777
Les Coteaux 2,290 2,613 2,843 3,297 3,764 4,568 5,368
Hudson 4,425 4,829 4,796 4,811 5,088 5,135 5,185
Saint-Polycarpe 1,570 1,640 1,676 1,660 1,708 1,969 2,224
Rivière-Beaudette 1,045 1,292 1,381 1,464 1,720 1,885 2,097
Terrasse-Vaudreuil 1,665 1,744 1,977 2,061 1,985 1,971 1,986
Saint-Clet 1,125 1,388 1,524 1,613 1,725 1,738 1,779
Pointe-des-Cascades 640 691 910 981 1,046 1,340 1,481
Vaudreuil-sur-le-Lac 675 876 928 964 1,290 1,359 1,341
Sainte-Marthe 1,055 1,056 1,090 1,094 1,080 1,075 1,097
Sainte-Justine-de-Newton 860 926 934 888 929 973 922
Très-Saint-Rédempteur 480 570 622 598 733 863 898
Saint-Télesphore 780 772 805 809 769 762 759
Pointe-Fortune 400 413 451 429 507 542 580
L'Île-Cadieux 115 140 121 127 128 105 126
Vaudreuil-Soulanges 69,767 84,503 95,318 103,361 120,395 137,429 149,349

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Vaudreuil-Soulanges Regional County Municipality, Quebec[21][22][3]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
148,605
96,365   3.3% 64.85% 32,525   7.1% 21.89% 2,815   14.2% 1.89% 15,120   32.1% 10.17%
2011
137,590
93,300   9.0% 67.81% 30,380   22.7% 22.08% 2,465   62.7% 1.79% 11,445   50.0% 8.32%
2006
119,465
85,565   11.7% 71.62% 24,760   26.2% 20.73% 1,515   18.8% 1.27% 7,625   101.2% 6.38%
2001
101,290
76,610   8.4% 75.63% 19,615   1.7% 19.37% 1,275   9.4% 1.26% 3,790   17.3% 3.74%
1996
94,370
70,690 n/a 74.91% 19,285 n/a 20.44% 1,165 n/a 1.23% 3,230 n/a 3.42%

TransportationEdit

Public TransportationEdit

The region is served by the Exo La Presqu’Île and Exo Sud-Ouest bus services as well as the Vaudreuil-Hudson commuter rail line.

Access RoutesEdit

Highways and numbered routes that run through the municipality, including external routes that start or finish at the county border:[25]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Reference number 141033 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Geographic code 710 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b c d "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Vaudreuil-Soulanges, Municipalité régionale de comté [Census division], Quebec". Statistics Canada. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  4. ^ http://www.chlapresquile.qc.ca/histo/rubriques-historiques.html
  5. ^ http://www.archivesvs.org/histo/rubriques-historiques/perrot.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ fr:Seigneurie de l'Île-Perrot
  7. ^ http://www.archivesvs.org/histo/rubriques-historiques/vaudreuil.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ fr:Seigneurie de Vaudreuil
  9. ^ http://www.archivesvs.org/histo/rubriques-historiques/soulanges.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ fr:Seigneurie de Soulanges
  11. ^ http://www.archivesvs.org/histo/rubriques-historiques/rigaud.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ fr:Seigneurie de Rigaud
  13. ^ http://www.archivesvs.org/histo/rubriques-historiques/nouvelle-longueuil.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  14. ^ fr:Seigneurie de Nouvelle-Longueuil
  15. ^ http://www.archivesvs.org/histo/rubriques-historiques/newton.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ fr:Sainte-Justine-de-Newton
  17. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  18. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-27.
  19. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011.
  20. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  21. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  22. ^ a b "(Code 2471) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
  23. ^ a.[1]
    b.[2]
    c. [3]
    d.[4]
    e. [5]
  24. ^ a. Statistique Canada, Recensement de la population de 1996, Profil des divisions et subdivisions de recensement : Vaudreuil-Soulanges, produit 95F0181XDB96001 au catalogue de Statistique Canada. Consulté le 20 juillet 2017.
    b. Statistique Canada. 2002. Profils des communautés de 2001. Vaudreuil-Soulanges (Code 2471), Ottawa. No 93F0053XIF au catalogue de Statistique Canada. Diffusé le 27 juin 2002; modifié le 30 novembre 2005. Consulté le 20 juillet 2017.
    c. Statistique Canada. 2007. Profils des communautés de 2006, Recensement de 2006 (Code 2471) (Hiérarchie)., produit nº 92-591-XWF au catalogue de Statistique Canada. Ottawa. Diffusé le 13 mars 2007. Consulté le 20 juillet 2017.
    d. Statistique Canada. Profil du recensement, produit nº 98-316-XWF au catalogue de Statistique Canada. Ottawa. Vaudreuil-Soulanges (Code 2471) Géographie hiérarchie. 2011, diffusé le 24 octobre 2012. Consulté le 20 juillet 2017.
    e. Statistique Canada. 2017. Hiérachie, Vaudreuil-Soulanges, MRC (Division de recensement 2471). Profil du recensement, Recensement de 2016, produit nº 98-316-X2016001 au catalogue de Statistique Canada. Ottawa. Diffusé le 3 mai 2017. (site consulté le 20 juillet 2017).
  25. ^ Official Transport Quebec Road Map