Vatersay

The island of Vatersay (Scottish Gaelic: Bhatarsaigh) is the southernmost and westernmost inhabited island in the Outer Hebrides of Scotland, and the settlement of Caolas on the north coast of the island is the westernmost permanently inhabited place in Scotland.[a] The main village, also called Vatersay, is in the south of the island.

Vatersay
Scottish Gaelic nameBhatarsaigh
Pronunciation[ˈvaʰt̪əɾs̪aj] (About this soundlisten)
Meaning of nameWater island
Bagh Siar (West Bay)
Bagh Siar (West Bay)
Location
Vatersay is located in Outer Hebrides
Vatersay
Vatersay
Vatersay shown within the Outer Hebrides
OS grid referenceNL635955
Coordinates56°56′N 7°32′W / 56.93°N 7.53°W / 56.93; -7.53Coordinates: 56°56′N 7°32′W / 56.93°N 7.53°W / 56.93; -7.53
Physical geography
Island groupUist and Barra
Area960 ha (3 34 sq mi)
Area rank51 [1]
Highest elevationHeiseabhal Mòr, 190 m (623 ft)
Administration
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryScotland
Council areaComhairle nan Eilean Siar
Demographics
Population90[2]
Population rank45= [1]
Population density9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)[2][3]
Largest settlementBaile Bhatarsaigh
Lymphad
References[3][4][5]

GeographyEdit

Vatersay is irregularly shaped and has a tombolo: it is composed of two rocky islands (north and south) linked by a sandy isthmus. The isthmus is covered in sand dunes and on either side are large white-sand beaches: Bàgh Siar (West Bay), and Bàgh Bhatarsaigh (Vatersay Bay) to the east. There are a number of beaches backed by sand dunes.[6]

The island is about 3 miles (5 kilometres) from north to south, and the northern section of the island is about 3 12 mi (5.5 km) from west to east.

Vatersay is linked to the larger island of Barra to the north by a causeway about 200 metres (660 feet) long which was completed in 1991.[7] This is of huge benefit as the shipping of goods and passenger traffic no longer has to rely on a small passenger ferry boat. Access to school and for emergency services is much quicker and easier. The causeway is about 2 mi (3 km) by road from Castlebay.

At low tide, the island is also linked to the islet of Uineasan to the east. To the south are the uninhabited islands of Pabbay, Mingulay and Sanday.

WildlifeEdit

Wildlife on the island includes Eurasian otters, seals and grey herons. Bonnie Prince Charlie's flower (Calystegia soldanella), reputedly originating from French seeds dropped by Bonnie Prince Charlie is, in Scotland, found only on Vatersay and Eriskay. Also found on Vatersay are Atlantic puffins.

ArchaeologyEdit

The island has remains of an Iron Age broch at Dun a' Chaolais overlooking the Sound of Vatersay, and nearby is a passage grave dated to the 3rd millennium BC.[8] There is also a Bronze Age cemetery at Trèseabhaig south of the heights of Heiseabhal Mòr[9] and a cairn built around 1000 BC west of the village of Vatersay.[10] The offshore islet of Bioruaslum has a walled fort that may be of Neolithic provenance.[11]

OwnershipEdit

At the end of the nineteenth century, the existing landowner, wanting to use the whole of the island for their own farming purposes, evicted all the existing crofter inhabitants. In 1906, some of these men, the so-called "Vatersay Raiders", returned and took possession of land, claiming that an ancient law allowed a man to acquire land by building a wooden dwelling and lighting a fire on its hearth within a day. However, the landowner Lady Gordon Cathcart took them to court, and they were imprisoned. After much public protest at these events, in 1909, the Congested Districts Board (Scotland) bought Vatersay island and it was divided into 58 crofts.[12]

WrecksEdit

 
Monument to the wreck of the Annie Jane, overlooking the West Bay

One of the saddest events to befall the island was when the Annie Jane, a three-masted migrant ship out of Liverpool bound for Montreal, Quebec, Canada, struck rocks off West Beach during a storm in September 1853. Within ten minutes the ship began to founder and break up, casting 450 people into the raging sea. In spite of the conditions, islanders tried to rescue the passengers and crew.[13]

There were only a few survivors. A small cairn and monument marks the site where the bodies recovered from the sea were buried. An inscription reads:

On 28th September 1853 the ship Annie Jane with emigrants from Liverpool to Quebec was totally wrecked in this bay and threefourths of the crew and passengers numbering about 350 men women and children were drowned and their bodies interred here.

Two Chinese seamen from the SS Idomeneus, which sank on 28 September 1917, are also buried somewhere near the monument. There is a commemorative headstone in Cuier Churchyard.[14]

The remains of a Catalina flying boat that crashed on the slopes of Heiseabhal Beag in 1944 lie in a stream bed near the shore.[15]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ It is also further west than anywhere in England or Wales, but settlements in Counties Fermanagh and Tyrone in Northern Ireland are further west, meaning that Vatersay is not the most westerly settlement in the United Kingdom.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ a b National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands" (PDF). Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two) (PDF) (Report). SG/2013/126. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  3. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey. OS Maps Online (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure.
  5. ^ Mac an Tàilleir, Iain (2003) Ainmean-àite/Placenames. (pdf) Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  6. ^ THE 20 MOST BEAUTIFUL ISLANDS TO VISIT IN SCOTLAND
  7. ^ "Undiscovered Vatersay". Isle of Barra. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
  8. ^ Branigan (2007) p. 65
  9. ^ Branigan (2007) p. 66
  10. ^ Branigan (2007) p. 68
  11. ^ Branigan (2007) p. 67
  12. ^ "Barra and Vatersay islanders on path to ownership". The Herald. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  13. ^ "Annie Jane Memorial - the story". Isle of Vatersay. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
  14. ^ CWGC Dept of Honour
  15. ^ "Consolidated Catalina: Vatersay, Heishival Beg". Canmore. Retrieved 13 Nov 2011.

Cited sourcesEdit

  • Branigan, Keith (2007) Ancient Barra: exploring the Archaeology of the Outer Hebrides. Comhairle nan Eilean Siar.

External linksEdit