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Coinage of Vasudeva III, c. 360-365 CE. King standing facing, head left, holding trident and banner, altar before; symbols around / Goddess Ardoksho seated facing.

Vasudeva III was possibly the son of Vasudeva II and a ruler of the Kushan Empire c. 360-365 CE.

ReignEdit

By the reign of Vasudeva III, the Kushan Empire had declined into insignificance. In the west the Sasanian Empire was a threat, and in the east local native people had regained their independence.[1]

Disputed existenceEdit

Existence of Vasudeva III has been disputed,[2] as has been the existence of his supposed father Vasudeva II.[3] No epigraphic evidence supports his existence.[4]

It has also been proposed, from numismatic evidence, that there may have been another Kushan ruler with the same name and regnal number as Vasudeva III.[5]

Kushan Empire
Emperors, territories and chronology
(in pink)
Territories/
dates
Western India Western Pakistan
Balochistan
Paropamisadae
Arachosia
Bajaur Gandhara Western Punjab Eastern Punjab Mathura Pataliputra
INDO-SCYTHIAN KINGDOM INDO-GREEK KINGDOM Indo-Scythian Northern Satraps
25 BCE – 10 CE Indo-Scythian dynasty of the
APRACHARAJAS
Vijayamitra
(ruled 12 BCE - 15 CE)[6]
Liaka Kusulaka
Patika Kusulaka
Zeionises
Kharahostes
(ruled 10 BCE– 10 CE)[7]
Mujatria
Strato II and Strato III Hagana
10-20CE INDO-PARTHIAN KINGDOM
Gondophares
Indravasu INDO-PARTHIAN KINGDOM
Gondophares
Rajuvula
20-30 CE Ubouzanes
Pakores
Vispavarma
(ruled c.0-20 CE)[8]
Sarpedones Bhadayasa Sodasa
30-40 CE KUSHAN EMPIRE
Kujula Kadphises (c.50-90)[9]
Indravarma Abdagases ... ...
40-45 CE Aspavarma Gadana ... ...
45-50 CE Sasan Sases ... ...
50-75 CE ... ...
75-100 CE Indo-Scythian dynasty of the
WESTERN SATRAPS
Chastana
Vima Takto (c.90-113)[9] ... ...
100-120 CE Abhiraka Vima Kadphises (c. 113-127)[9]
120 CE Bhumaka
Nahapana
PARATARAJAS
Yolamira
Kanishka I (c. 127-151)[9] Great Satrap Kharapallana
and Satrap Vanaspara
for
Kanishka I
130-230 CE

Jayadaman
Rudradaman I
Damajadasri I
Jivadaman
Rudrasimha I
Isvaradatta
Rudrasimha I
Jivadaman
Rudrasena I


Bagamira
Arjuna
Hvaramira
Mirahvara


Huvishka (c. 151 – c. 190)[9]
Vasudeva I (c. 190 – 230)[9]

230-250 CE

Samghadaman
Damasena
Damajadasri II
Viradaman
Yasodaman I
Vijayasena
Damajadasri III
Rudrasena II
Visvasimha

Miratakhma
Kozana
Bhimarjuna
Koziya
Datarvharna
Datarvharna

KUSHANO-SASANIANS
Ardashir I (c. 230 – 250)
Ardashir II (?-245)


Kanishka II (c. 230 – 247)[9]

250-280

Peroz I, "Kushanshah" (c. 250 – 265)
Hormizd I, "Kushanshah" (c. 265 – 295)

Vāsishka (c. 247 – 267)[9]
Kanishka III (c. 267 – 270)[9]


280-300 Bhratadarman Datayola II

Hormizd II, "Kushanshah" (c. 295 – 300)

Vasudeva II (c. 267 – 300)[9]

GUPTA EMPIRE
Chandragupta I
Samudragupta
Chandragupta II

300-320 CE

Visvasena
Rudrasimha II
Jivadaman

Peroz II, "Kushanshah" (c. 300 – 325)

Mahi (c. 300-305)[9]
Shaka (c. 305 – 335)[9]

320-388 CE

Yasodaman II
Rudradaman II
Rudrasena III
Simhasena
Rudrasena IV

Varahran I (325-350)
Shapur II Sassanid king and "Kushanshah" (c. 350)

Kipunada (c. 335 – 350)[9]


388-396 CE Rudrasimha III KIDARITES invasion

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Buddha Prakash (1971). Evolution of heroic tradition in ancient Panjab. Punjabi University. p. 53.
  2. ^ Bratindra Nath Mukherjee (1978). Kushāṇa coins of the Land of the Five Rivers. Indian Museum. p. 53.
  3. ^ Gritli von Mitterwallner; Frederic Salmon Growse (1986). Kuṣāṇa Coins and Kuṣāṇa Sculptures from Mathurā. Department of Cultural Affairs, Government of U.P., Lucknow. p. 38.
  4. ^ John M. Rosenfield (1967). The Dynastic Arts of the Kushans. University of California Press. p. 112. GGKEY:0379L32LPNJ.
  5. ^ Satya Shrava (1985). The Kushāṇa Numismatics. Praṇava Prakāshan. p. 223.
  6. ^ From the dated inscription on the Rukhana reliquary
  7. ^ An Inscribed Silver Buddhist Reliquary of the Time of King Kharaosta and Prince Indravarman, Richard Salomon, Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 116, No. 3 (Jul. - Sep., 1996), pp. 442 [1]
  8. ^ A Kharosthī Reliquary Inscription of the Time of the Apraca Prince Visnuvarma, by Richard Salomon, South Asian Studies 11 1995, Pages 27-32, Published online: 09 Aug 2010 [2]
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Cribb, Joe; Donovan, Peter (2014). Kushan, Kushano-Sasanian, and Kidarite Coins A Catalogue of Coins From the American Numismatic Society by David Jongeward and Joe Cribb with Peter Donovan. p. 4.
Preceded by
Vasudeva II
Kushan Ruler Succeeded by
Vasudeva IV