Socialist Party of Albania

  (Redirected from Vasilika Hysi)

The Socialist Party of Albania (Albanian: Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë ; PS or PSSh) is a social-democratic[3][4] political party in Albania; it gained power following the 2013 parliamentary election. It also achieved power in 1997 following a political crisis and governmental realignment.

Socialist Party of Albania

Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë
AbbreviationPS
ChairmanEdi Rama
Leader of the Parliamentary GroupTaulant Balla
Founded13 June 1991[1]
Preceded byParty of Labour of Albania
HeadquartersSheshi Austria 4, 1001 Tirana, Albania
NewspaperZëri i Popullit
Youth wingEuro-Socialist Youth Forum (Albanian: Forumi i Rinisë Eurosocialiste të Shqipërisë, FRESSH) or Socialist Youth/Young Socialists
Membership (2017)81,000 [2]
Ideology
Political positionCentre-left[6][7][8] to
left-wing[9][10][11]
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
(associate)
International affiliationSocialist International[12]
Colours  Purple
  Magenta
Slogan"Për Shqipërinë që duam"
"For the Albania that we want"
National Assembly
74 / 140
Municipality
59 / 61
Website
www.ps.al

The Socialist Party of Albania is an associate of the Party of European Socialists (PES)[13] and a member of the Socialist International. The official party newspaper is Zëri i Popullit, which had been the organ of its predecessor, the Communist Party of Labour of Albania.

HistoryEdit

 
Socialist Party Headquarters in Tirana

The party, formed in November 1941, has been known as the Socialist Party since 1991, when it survived in the wake of the dramatic changes that had taken place in Albania since 1989. The Communist Party of Labour of Albania (PPSh), the only ruling party since the end of World War II, was the most rigid Stalinist party in Europe under its founder and longtime leader, Enver Hoxha. However, Hoxha's successor, Ramiz Alia, was forced to introduce limited reforms in the late 1980s. Finally, on 11 December 1990, Alia announced that the PPSh had given up its monopoly of power.

The PPSh won the Constitutional Assembly elections of March 1991—the first free elections held in the country in almost 80 years. By this time, however, it was no longer a Marxist–Leninist party. At an extraordinary congress on 10–13 June 1991, in its efforts to survive in the new system, the PPSh voted to change its name to PS.[14]

Fatos Nano, a man from the intelligentsia, was elected the new chairman.[15] Nano helped to reform the old communist party and made it a member of the Socialist International. On 1 September 2005 Nano resigned as the chairman of the Socialist Party, after losing the elections. He was succeeded by Edi Rama.

PoliticiansEdit

Fatos Nano was the head of Socialist Party of Albania from 1991 to 1998. After 1998, Ilir Meta became Chairman of Socialist Party of Albania and in 2001 he resigned as the Prime Minister of Albania. After this Fatos Nano became again the Chairman of Socialist Party of Albania which won the elections in 2001. In 2005, after a defeat at the election, he resigned from his post. PS current Chairman is Edi Rama who is also current Prime Minister and former Mayor of Tirana.[16] Gramoz Ruçi, who was Interior Minister of the last cabinet of the communist government , he is currently the 42st Speaker of Parliament. Niko Peleshi was the mayor of Korçë and former Deputy Prime Minister.[17] Vice-coordinators of the group are Erjon Braçe current Deputy Prime Minister, Vasilika Hysi, Eduard Shalsi and Taulant Balla. Arta Dade is the party secretary for international affairs, and she is assisted by Arben Ahmetaj, Taulant Balla, Olta Xhaçka, Ditmir Bushati and Qemal Minxhozi. Blendi Klosi (former Culture Minister and PS organizational secretary), is also seen as a very important politician in PS, as well as Fatmir Xhafaj (lawyer and former Justice Minister).

Political positionsEdit

The party has pledged in its 2013 party platform to replace the flat-rate personal income tax with more progressive tax. The party also supports universal health care funded by taxation.[18] The party leader Edi Rama has indicated that he supports LGBT rights and domestic partnerships.[19] The party is also pro EU Integration,[20] it also supports NATO membership of Albania.[21] It also considers Kosovo, "Albania's main strategic partner and ally".[22]

Election resultsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Rank Government
1992 433,602 23.70
38 / 140
    2nd Opposition
1996 335,402 20.40
10 / 140
  28   2nd Opposition
1997 413,369 31.60
101 / 155
  91   1st Coalition
2001 555,272 41.40
73 / 140
  28   1st Majority
2005 538,906 39.40
42 / 140
  31   2nd Opposition
2009 620,586 40.90
65 / 140
  23   1st[23] Opposition
2013 713,407 41.36
65 / 140
    1st Coalition
2017 764,761 48.19
74 / 140
  9   1st Majority
2021 768,177 48.68
74 / 140
    1st Majority

Former logosEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes

  1. ^ Robert Elsie (2010) Historical Dictionary of Albania, Scarecrow Press, p422
  2. ^ "Sot referendumi i PS, 81 mijë socialistë votojnë për kryetarin". Retrieved 2018-02-08.
  3. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2017). "Albania". Parties and Elections in Europe.
  4. ^ a b Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 605. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.
  5. ^ "The Albanian Electoral Systems since 1990" (PDF). Albanian Elections Observatory Brief (1). 19 April 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Albania opposition protests again, calls for new election". CityNews Vancouver. 2 June 2019. The centre-right Democratic Party-led opposition supporters gathered Sunday at the main government building accusing centre-left Socialist Party Prime Minister Edi Rama of corruption and links to organized crime.
  7. ^ "Albania protests: Smoke bombs and firecrackers thrown at police as demonstrations turn violent". The Independent. 3 June 2019. Prime Minister Edi Rama has faced repeated calls to stand down in recent months over claims that his centre-left Socialist Party is corrupt and has links to organised crime.
  8. ^ "Will the Presence of Iran's MEK Threaten Albania's Already Shaky Stability?". World Politics Review. 18 July 2019. Rama’s center-left Socialist Party holds a majority in Parliament, while the opposition is made up of parties to his left and right.
  9. ^ "AP Interview: Albania PM says opposition ruining EU chances". Associated Press. 22 June 2019. Edi Rama, also leader of the ruling left-wing Socialist Party, also told The Associated Press in an interview Friday he was determined the June 30 municipal elections would be held despite opposition unrest since mid-February.
  10. ^ "Albanian Socialists Pledge Reforms, Jobs After Election Win Confirmed". Voice of America. 27 July 2017. Albania's left-wing Socialist Party appears headed for a new governing mandate.
  11. ^ "Socialists win majority in Albania general election". Independent.ie. 27 June 2017. Albania's left-wing Socialist Party has secured a second mandate in a general election, winning a majority of seats in parliament, nearly complete results showed on Tuesday.
  12. ^ "Full list of member parties and organisations". Socialist International. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  13. ^ "Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë". Party of European Socialists. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  14. ^ Elsie, pxliii
  15. ^ Nano, Rexhina. "Te jetosh kohen", pp. 230.
  16. ^ Socialist Party of Albania Leadership Archived 2013-02-06 at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Blushi calls it madness: Rama wants a permanent term". Albeu. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  18. ^ "KUJDES SHËNDETËSOR UNIVERSAL – Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë". Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë. Retrieved 14 May 2015.
  19. ^ "Rama pret përfaqësuesit e LGBT: Po bashkëjetesës, por jo martesave". www.panorama.com.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2017-07-28.
  20. ^ "CILËSI DHE RITËM NË PROCESIN E INTEGRIMIT NË BE". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  21. ^ "RESPEKTIM I ANGAZHIMEVE NË NATO". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  22. ^ "PARTNERITET STRATEGJIK ME KOSOVËN". www.ps.al (in Albanian). Retrieved 2021-06-07.
  23. ^ "National results of the 2009 parliamentary election (party list)" (PDF). ShtetiWeb.org.

External linksEdit