Open main menu

Wikipedia β

Varga 2150 Kachina

The Varga 2150 Kachina is an American all-metal low fixed-wing two-seat light aircraft fitted with a tricycle undercarriage.

2150 Kachina
Varga 2150 at Carlsbad 2008.jpg
Varga 2150A Kachina at McClellan-Palomar Airport California in January 2008
Role personal, primary trainer
National origin United States
Manufacturer Morrisey, Shinn, Varga
Designer William J. Morrisey
First flight 1958
Unit cost
$8245 (1960)[1]
Developed from Morrisey Nifty

Contents

DesignEdit

In 1948, US aircraft test pilot/aircraft designer W.J. Morrisey produced a wood-and-fabric light aircraft, the 1000C (Nifty). In 1958 he reworked that basic design, giving it an all-metal structure and increased power. The aircraft is a cantilever low-wing monoplane with plain ailerons and two-position trailing-edge flaps, conventional empennage, fixed nosewheel landing gear, and tandem seating. Dual controls are provided as standard equipment.

DevelopmentEdit

In 1958 The Morrisey Aviation Inc. company began building the re-designed aircraft. Two units were completed as the Morrisey 2000.[2] A further improvement came with the Morrisey 2150, incorporating a 108 hp Lycoming O-235 engine. The company built nine aircraft by the end of 1959.[3]

 
Morrisey 2150A built in 1962.

The construction and design rights were then sold to Shinn Engineering Inc. which built 35 improved Shinn 2150A aircraft with a 150 hp (110 kW) Lycoming O-320-A2C engine, before ceasing production in 1962.[4]

The 2150A design rights were sold in 1967 to used aircraft parts supplier George Varga who formed the Varga Aircraft Corporation. The Varga 2150A Kachina was built at Chandler, Arizona between 1975 and 1982. 121 2150A Kachinas were completed together with 18 examples of the Varga 2180 with a 180 hp Lycoming O-360-A2D engine. A tailwheel option was available as the Varga 2150TG.[4][5]

Bill Morrisey later re-acquired the design rights and then launched a kit version of the original Morrisey 2000C.

The Morrisey/Shinn/Varga 2150 remains in widespread use in the USA and several aircraft are flown in Europe and South America.[6]

VariantsEdit

Morrisey 2000C
Variant with Lycoming O-235 engine[3]
Morrisey 2150
Variant with Lycoming O-320-A2C engine.[7]
Shinn 2150
Morrisey 2150 built by Shinn Engineering.[7]
Varga 2150A Kachina
Morrisey 2150 built by Varga Aircraft.[7]
Varga 2150TG
Tailwheel version of the 2150A[4]
Varga 2180 Kachina
Variant with Lycoming O-360-A2D engine.[7]

Specifications (2150A)Edit

Data from Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1982-83[8] Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1977–78[9]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Length: 21 ft 2 in (6.45 m)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
  • Height: 7 ft 0 in (2.13 m)
  • Wing area: 144.0 sq ft (13.38 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,124 lb (510 kg)
  • Max takeoff weight: 1,817 lb (824 kg) normal category
  • Fuel capacity: fuel:132.5 l (29.1 imp gal; 35.0 US gal), oil:7.5 l (1.6 imp gal; 2.0 US gal)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-320-A2C 4-cyl. air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 150 hp (112 kW)
  • Propellers: 2-bladed Sensenich M74DM fixed pitch propeller, 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) diameter

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 128 kn (147 mph; 237 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 117 kn (135 mph; 217 km/h) 75% power, 110 kn (200 km/h; 130 mph) 65% power
  • Stall speed: 49.5 kn (57 mph; 92 km/h) flaps up, 45 kn (83 km/h; 52 mph) flaps down
  • Never exceed speed: 147.5 kn (170 mph; 273 km/h)
  • Range: 455 nmi (524 mi; 843 km)
  • Service ceiling: 21,998 ft (6,705 m)
  • Rate of climb: 1,450 ft/min (7.4 m/s)
  • Wing loading: 12.6 lb/sq ft (61.6 kg/m2)
  • Power/mass: 0.083 hp/lb (0.136 kW/kg) note: kW/Kg num is actually the ~hp/lb value. kW/Kg appears to be conversion factor of the other.
  • Take-off run to 49 ft (15 m): 440 ft (134 m)
  • Landing run from 49 ft (15 m): 449 ft (137 m)

See alsoEdit

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Flying Magazine: 10. March 1960.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Green 1965, p. 295
  3. ^ a b Simpson 2001 p. 565
  4. ^ a b c Simpson 2005, p. 201
  5. ^ Kieth Connes (October 1977). "Varga Kachina". Air Progress. 
  6. ^ Simpson 2001, p. 565
  7. ^ a b c d The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft, p. 2560
  8. ^ Taylor, John W. R. (1983). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1982-83. London: Jane's Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2. 
  9. ^ Taylor, John W. R. (1978). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1977-78. London: Jane's Publishing Company. pp. 417–418. ISBN 0531032787. 

ReferencesEdit

  • Taylor, John W. R. (1983). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1982-83. London: Jane's Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7106-0748-2. 
  • Green, William (1965). The Aircraft of the World. Macdonald & Co (Publishers) Ltd. 
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing. 
  • Taylor, John W. R. (1978). Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1977-78. London: Jane's Publishing Company. pp. 417–418. ISBN 0531032787. 
  • Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Airlife Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-84037-115-3. 
  • Simpson, Rod (2005). The General Aviation Handbook. Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-222-5. 
  • Mondey, David (1981). Encyclopedia of The World's Commercial and Private Aircraft. Crescent Books. pp. 241–2.