Vallø stift or Det Adelige Stift Vallø for ugifte døtre (Noble Vallø Foundation for Unmarried Daughters) was a Danish foundation for the support of unmarried female nobles. It was located at Vallø Castle just south of Køge on the east coast of the island of Zealand.[1]

Vallø Castle in 1865
Vallø stift was founded by Queen Sophie Magdalene

History edit

Vallø Stift Foundation (Stiftelsen Vallø Stift) was created in 1737 by Queen Sophie Magdalene (1700-1770).[2] The convent was inaugurated the following year. It functioned as a convent for unmarried women from noble or princely houses, who resided at Vallø Castle. For this purpose, Vallø Castle was expanded between 1736-38 with a new baroque-style building designed by architect Lauritz de Thurah (1706–1759).[3][4]

Until 1810, the convent was headed by an abbess, who were to be of a princely house. Initially the abbess was Sophie Caroline of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (1705–1764) who was a younger sister of Queen Sophie Magdalene. The abbess had the right to appoint the vicars in the parishes belonging to the county of the stift. She was assisted by a prioress with the title dekanesse. In 1810 the office of abbey was abolished, and the dean became head of the foundation.[5]

The activities of the foundation changed after the end of World War II. In 1976, the foundation's bylaws were revised so that no more new ladies of the diocese were to be enrolled, but noble widows who were already registered could get free housing in the castle.[6]

References edit

  1. ^ Morten Johan Funder. "Vallø". Den Store Danske, Gyldendal. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  2. ^ Dansk biografisk Lexikon / XVI. Bind. Skarpenberg - Sveistrup
  3. ^ Mette Smed. "Lauritz de Thurah". Den Store Danske, Gyldendal. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  4. ^ "Sophie Magdalene". Rosenborg. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  5. ^ "Sophie Caroline, Fyrstinde af Ostfriesland, 1707-64". Dansk biografisk Lexikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  6. ^ Jon Gunnar Arntzen. "Vallø". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved December 1, 2018.

External links edit

55°23′55″N 12°12′47″E / 55.3986°N 12.2130°E / 55.3986; 12.2130