Valkyrie (Marvel Comics)
Valkyrie is a fictional superheroine appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character, based on the Norse mythological figure Brynhildr, was created by Roy Thomas and John Buscema. First appearing in The Avengers #83 (December 1970), Valkyrie became a mainstay of the superhero team known as the Defenders and a close ally and one-time love interest of the superhero Thor.
|First appearance||The Avengers #83 (December 1970)|
Valkyrie, also known by her Asgardian name Brunnhilde, was selected by Odin to lead his personal unit of shield-maidens, the Valkyrior. Renowned for her prowess in battle, Valkyrie is often accompanied by her winged horse Aragorn and carries the enchanted sword Dragonfang. In the 2010s, Valkyrie became a founding member of the Secret Avengers and co-leader of the Fearless Defenders with Misty Knight. Among Valkyrie's other aliases are Barbara Norris, Samantha Parrington, Sian Bowen and Annabelle Riggs, who all at one point hosted her spirit. Samantha Parrington, one of Valkyrie's previous hosts, later received superhuman powers and became a member of the Defenders herself.
The Valkyrie first appeared as a guise of the Enchantress in The Avengers #83 (December 1970) and was created by Roy Thomas and John Buscema. Thomas used another iteration of the character when the Valkyrie persona was placed into a mortal woman named Samantha Parrington as an adversary for the Hulk in The Incredible Hulk #142 (August 1971).
Writer Steve Englehart and artist Sal Buscema put the Valkyrie's essence into another mortal woman, Barbara Norris, in The Defenders #4 (February 1973) and had the character join the group as a longtime member. Englehart has stated that he added the Valkyrie to the Defenders "to provide some texture to the group". Steve Gerber introduced Jack Norris as the estranged husband of Barbara but the Valkyrie persona had no memory of him. Writers David Anthony Kraft and Ed Hannigan explained some of the Valykrie's backstory in The Defenders #66-68 (Dec. 1978–Feb. 1979). Three years later, writers J. M. DeMatteis and Mark Gruenwald wrote a follow-up story in The Defenders #107-109 (May–July 1982) which resolved remaining plot points from the Kraft and Hannigan story.
The Valkyrie remained a member of the Defenders through most of the series' run and is apparently killed in the final issue, #152 (Feb. 1986). According to writer Peter B. Gillis, the Valkyrie's death was part of an editorial edict to free up the surviving Defenders for use in X-Factor. The character was restored to life in a Doctor Strange storyline written by Gillis in 1988 and made only a few appearances in the 1990s.
The Valkyrie's Asgardian iteration was restored in a one-shot comic book and the character appeared regularly throughout the Secret Avengers series, from issue #1 (July 2010) through its final issue #37 (March 2013). Valkyrie appears in the 2013 series Fearless Defenders by Cullen Bunn and Will Sliney.
Fictional character biographyEdit
Brunnhilde was selected by Odin, King of the Gods of the realm of Asgard, to lead the Valkyrior (the Choosers of the Slain), a group of warrior goddesses who would appear over the battlefields of mortal worshippers of the Asgardian gods and choose which of the fallen were worthy to be taken to Valhalla, the land of the honored dead. Brunnhilde served capably in this capacity for centuries.
According to a sentient, disembodied eye that claimed to have once belonged to Odin, the Asgardian monarch once gave his son Thor the mortal identity of the warrior Siegmund. Circumstances forced Odin to decree that Siegmund must be slain. Brunnhilde, recognizing that Odin was acting against his true wishes, sought to protect Siegmund, but Odin himself then caused Siegmund's death. Brunnhilde helped Siegmund's pregnant lover, Sieglinde get to safety. As punishment for her defiance, Odin removed Brunnhilde's Asgardian powers and immortality and cast her into a trance. She was eventually awakened by Siegfried, the son of Siegmund and Sieglinde and another mortal incarnation of Thor.
Brunnhilde and Siegfried became lovers, and she made him invulnerable so long as his back was not turned on his foe. Siegfried fell under the influence of magic and betrayed her. He was later murdered, and Brunnhilde, still in love with him, leapt into his blazing funeral pyre (this part of her background was based on the Volsunga saga). Odin restored both of them to life, restoring their Asgardian roles and powers, but removing their memories of their earthly lives. It is unclear how much truth, if any, there is to this account by the eye.
Brunnhilde and her fellow Valkyries continued to gather heroic mortal warriors for Valhalla until roughly a millennium ago, when Odin was forced to cease virtually all interaction with the Earth in accordance with a pact that he and the leaders of Earth's other pantheons of gods made with the extraterrestrial Celestials. From then onward, the Valkyries could only choose slain heroes from among fallen Asgardian warriors. Brunnhilde was bitter over being barred from choosing warriors on Earth and roamed Asgard in pursuit of something meaningful to do. In a tavern on the outskirts of Marmoragard, Brunnhilde encountered Amora the Enchantress, who offered her a life of adventure. For several weeks Brunnhilde accompanied the Enchantress on her conquests. Brunnhilde soon discovered Amora's immoral nature and tried to end their partnership. In response the Enchantress trapped Brunnhilde within a mystic crystal of souls. While Brunnhilde's body remained in suspended animation, her immortal soul became Amora's plaything. Over the centuries the Enchantress used Brunnhilde's spiritual essence to give the Valkyrie's powers to herself or to her pawns.
Specific instances of Amora's exploitation of the Valkyrie before recent years are not yet known. The first time the Enchantress assumed the Valkyrie's physical aspect in recent years was in a plot to lead a handful of female superhumans against the male Avengers as the Lady Liberators. Her true identity was discovered and her plan thwarted. Months later, the Enchantress bestowed the Valkyrie's power upon a socialite named Samantha Parrington in an attempt to get revenge on the Hulk.
Finally, a woman driven mad by being trapped in another mystical dimension, Barbara Norris, was given the Valkyrie's power and consciousness by the Enchantress to help her then-allies, the group of superhumans called the Defenders, escape from the clutches of the sorceress Casiolena. Amora did not undo her spell on Norris after Casiolena's defeat. As a result, Norris' body now possessed Brunnhilda's consciousness, appearance, and powers, while Norris' own mental essence was trapped in Brunnhilde's real body in Asgard. Aware that she was an immortal essence in a mortal woman's body, the Valkyrie briefly left the Defenders in an attempt to discover Barbara Norris' past. She meets Norris' father, Alvin Denton, shortly before his death and then returns to the Defenders.
It was not until a minor Asgardian warrior named Ollerus attempted to take over Valhalla that the Valkyrie's two mixed aspects met for the first time. Brunnhilde's mental essence trapped in Norris's transformed body, fought Norris’ mental essence trapped in Brunnhilde's real body. At the end of that encounter, the Valkyrie's body, still possessed by Norris’ mind, was consigned to Niffleheim, the realm inhabited by the spirits of the non-heroic Asgardian dead, while Brunnhilde's mind in Norris’ transformed body accompanied the Defenders, who had made the other dimensional journey with her, back to Earth.
For reasons yet unknown, Brunnhilde was not concerned at this time about reuniting her mind with her true body. It was not until Barbara Norris’ body was murdered that the Valkyrie's spirit and mind were inadvertently freed from their mortal host. With the help of Doctor Strange's magic, Brunnhilde regained her true body, which was rescued from Niffleheim by the Enchantress. Back in her real body, Brunnhilde regained her full memory and normal warrior personality as well. Brunnhilde then battled Amora and banished her to the crystal of souls. Feeling estranged from Asgard in general and Odin in particular for their neglect of her centuries-long plight, Brunnhilde chose to return to Earth with the Defenders.
Odin placed the dangerously powerful self-styled goddess Moondragon into Brunnhilde's charge. Brunnhilde was to teach Moondragon humility, and Moondragon served alongside Brunnhilde in the Defenders. Brunnhilde was to take action against Moondragon should she again become a menace. Eventually Moondragon reformed, but later she fell once again under the malevolent influence of the alien entity called the Dragon of the Moon. Moondragon attacked the Defenders, but Brunnhilde, given temporary additional powers by Odin for this occasion, including the power to grow to gigantic stature, opposed her. Brunnhilde summoned other Valkyries to her aid and together with two other Defenders, the Angel and Cloud, they defeated Moondragon but failed to capture her.
Months later Moondragon returned to attack the Defenders. During this encounter, her power was vastly augmented by the alien Beyonder. In order to defeat the Dragon, Brunnhilde and the Eternal called Interloper projected their immortal life forces against it. They were joined by Defenders member Andromeda and the Defenders' former foe Manslaughter, for it was necessary that Brunnhilde's and Interloper's life forces pass through "mortal instruments" in order that Moondragon be defeated as well. Joining hands, the four allies hurled the tremendous power of their combined life forces at the Dragon, Moondragon, and the Gargoyle II, whose body was now under the Dragon's control. Three other Defenders went to rescue endangered innocents, and when they returned, Brunnhilde, Interloper, Andromeda, Manslaughter, Moondragon, and Gargoyle had all seemingly been transformed into statues of ashes and dust, and the Dragon of the Moon was apparently gone.
Brunnhilde was restored to life by Doctor Strange, now in the host body of a woman known as Sian Bowen. The other Defenders, Interloper, Andromeda, and Manslaughter were restored to life as well and they formed the Dragon Circle to battle the Dragon of the Moon. After the Dragon of the Moon was defeated, Brunnhilde returned to Asgard. Brunnhilde was killed in battle just before Loki's destruction of Asgard.
With the return of the Asgardians to Earth, Brunnhilde was next seen as a member of the Secret Avengers. Writer Ed Brubaker confirmed that the Valkyrie on the team was indeed the original Brunnhilde.
After the 2011 storyline "Fear Itself", Brunhilde seemingly defects from the Secret Avengers, embarking in a mission to steal and recover for herself the hammers used by the "Worthy", Cul's servants. She later reveals to have stopped consuming the Apples of Idunn, thus lessening her stamina and resilience and reverting to a mortal form, and as a Valkyrior she is able to seal within herself the hammers. She plans to die after the deed is over, so as to banish the worthy from the human plane of existence for the rest of eternity. At the end of the series, the All Mother (Freyja, Gaea, and Idunn) task her with selecting a new group of Valkyries. Only this time the new Valkyries are to be all women from Earth. The story continues in the 2013 The Fearless Defenders series in which Valkyrie recruits Misty Knight, Danielle Moonstar, Hippolyta, and the mortal scientist Annabelle Riggs as part of the new Valkyrior to stop Caroline le Fey, the daughter of Morgan le Fey, and the Doommaidens, corrupted undead Valkyries who have awakened in the Valkyrior's absence. During this time, Valkyrie develops a brief romance with Riggs, who later becomes host to Valkyrie's spirit after Riggs sacrifices herself to save the team.
During the 2014 "AXIS" storyline, Valkyrie is among the heroes recruited by an inverted Doctor Doom to join his team of Avengers. During the 2017 "Monsters Unleashed" storyline, Valkyrie and Hippolyta are seen fighting Leviathon Tide monsters in Edinburgh. Angela recruits her to join the Asgardians of the Galaxy.
Powers and abilitiesEdit
Valkyrie is the strongest of all Valkyrior. Like all her people, her body is several times denser than that of humans. She is not immortal, but she ages far more slowly than humans. Valkyrie is immune to all earthly diseases and is difficult to injure. Her Asgardian physiology grants her enhanced levels of stamina. Valkyrie can perceive the approach of death, in the form of a "deathglow" surrounding a person's body. She does not know how death will come but she can tell that it is imminent. Valkyrie can transport herself and a dying or dead body to and from the realm of the dead by willing it. Valkyrie has had extensive training in sword fighting as well as unarmed combat and horseback riding. Her natural fighting ability is among the best of all Asgardians, matched only by Sif.
Weapons and equipmentEdit
Valkyrie carries two weapons of choice.
- An enchanted sword named Dragonfang. A wizard named Kahji-Da was said to have carved the sword from a tooth of an extra-dimensional dragon. The sword eventually passed into the possession of the Ancient One, who in turn gave it to his disciple Doctor Strange. Strange went on to return it to the Valkyrie after she had bequeathed the virtually indestructible Black Knight's Ebony Blade to its rightful owner.
- An unnamed iron spear.
Other characters named ValkyrieEdit
The Enchantress first transformed Samantha Parrington into the Valkyrie temporarily to gain revenge against the Hulk. On Earth, Pluto and Lorelei much later restored the Valkyrie's powers within Samantha Parrington. Pluto tricked Lorelei though, erasing her memory, draining her powers, and turning her into a duplicate of Valkyrie. While Samantha was used by Pluto to turn Earth into a realm of the dead, Lorelei was found by the Defender Nighthawk, who believed she was the real Valkyrie and made her a Defender, though she never spoke. When the Defenders tried to stop Pluto, Lorelei battled Samantha and was restored to her former self. Samantha was freed from Pluto's control and she became part of the Defenders again as Valkyrie. She and her teammate Hellcat later got an apartment together and Parrington remembered her real name when someone called her by her nickname "Sam". The two superheroines then met her parents, who thought that her transformation into Valkryie was just a phase she was going through. Much to Parrington's chagrin, her parents are proud of her and turned their mansion into the Defenders base.
Ultimate Valkyrie is a 19-year-old girl named Barbara Norris who aspires to play the public role of superhero, despite, at first, having no actual powers or skills. She describes herself as a female Thor, only without the hammer, strength, or weather-powers. When Hank Pym was dismissed from the Ultimates, he decided to join the Defenders, a group of good hearted, but delusional, somewhat farcical individuals enamored with superheroes but without powers or exceptional abilities. This is how he met Barbara, who called herself "Thor-Girl", telling Pym during introductions that while she doesn't have any powers, she is extensively proficient in martial arts. This turned out to be a lie to impress Pym; she later confesses to him that she barely made it to an Orange Belt in karate and it took her several tries to pass the test.
Valkyrie next appears in The Ultimates 3 #1, now apparently super-powered, riding a black Pegasus and wielding a large, supposedly mystical sword that she uses to cleave Venom nearly in two, but seems to have no idea where these powers or weapons came from. At that point, she has been in a romantic live-in relationship with Thor for weeks and despite cultural differences, they are very close and allude to being in love. Since her last appearance, she appears to have been granted super strength and limited invulnerability; other superhuman attributes and abilities remain unknown. She speaks with a distinct valley girl accent, and while she does not seem to be the most intelligent of her teammates, she makes up for it with her loyalty, especially to Thor, and her big heart, along with being very powerful. At several points, she makes references to having lived a quiet, normal human life before becoming superhuman. She suggests she is more akin to Thor than it may seem, possibly meaning they may have some sort of shared Asgardian heritage. Her deepest fear is returning to the powerless, poor, and somewhat comically ordinary existence she had before. When confronted with this fear by the illusion-casting Mastermind, just before her two captors decide to assault her sexually, she is broken free of the illusion by a shadowy figure who claims to be the source of her new powers; she then retaliates by killing Mastermind and dismembering his partner Pyro, taking both his hands off at the wrists with her sword.
During the 2009 "Ultimatum" storyline it is revealed that Valkyrie was killed and transported to Valhalla, the Asgardian afterlife for fallen warriors run by Hela, an Asgardian goddess, who is presented as above most other Asgardian gods in power and station. Thor learns of this and transports himself to Hela's dimension, demanding he let Valkyrie live again. Hela, then states that if he is able to overcome the challenge presented to him, he may bring Valkyrie back to the land of the living. In the middle of the ensuing battle, Thor finds that Captain America's soul is also there, having been killed in the real world as well. Thor and Capt. America win the challenge and Hela grants Thor's request, but with the catch that once a soul has entered Hela's realm, it cannot leave without being substituted, so Thor gives up his soul so that Valkyrie may live and Hela returns her to Earth, whole and unharmed (Capt. America is given a reprieve on his soul as well and is returned to the land of the living, but how this worked with the "Soul Quota" stipulation is not addressed), while Thor's soul remains in the afterlife. Valkyrie, enraged and heart broken at the loss and sacrifice of her love, joins the battle once more and attacks Magneto while trying to receive Thor's hammer and severs his arm. Magneto then uses his powers to slit her throat. She is then briefly shown, still alive, until Magneto collapses the ceiling on her. Her fate is unknown until New Ultimates where it is revealed she now wields Thor's hammer. She loses it in battle with the Defenders who now have superpowers due to Loki's intervention. She is killed in the battle which allows Thor to resurrect and face Loki. During the battle, Loki is suddenly killed by a spear thrown by Valkyrie. Although apparently alive again, she reveals that she is now a servant of Hela and departs with Loki's body but not before asking Thor to defend the Earth to which she once belonged.
In January 2018, Marvel announced that a version of Valkyrie inspired by Tessa Thompson's portrayal of the character in Thor: Ragnarok would join the Exiles in a series by writer Saladin Ahmed and artist Javier Rodriguez. Ahmed said, "Though she's not technically from the Marvel Cinematic Universe reality, she's basically the literalization of the larger-than-her-physical-frame swagger that Tessa Thompson displayed in Thor: Ragnarok, turned up to 11."
In other mediaEdit
- Brunnhilde appears in the Hulk vs. Thor segment of the Hulk Vs DVD, voiced by an uncredited Nicole Oliver. She and her Valkyrior troops defend Asgard from an attack by the Hulk, who had separated from Bruce Banner by Loki. She is immediately swatted aside by Hulk when she attacks him.
- Brunnhilde appears in Thor: Tales of Asgard voiced by Cathy Weseluck.
- Tessa Thompson portrays Valkyrie/Brunnhilde in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, beginning in 2017.
- Tessa Thompson appears as Valkyrie in Thor: Ragnarok. There, the entire Valkyrie force was wiped out by Hela when Odin sent them to stop her. The only survivor is seen in a flashback being saved by a fellow warrior (a blonde similar to the traditional comic portrayal of the character) who took a spear for her. She ended up on Sakaar, where she became one of the Grandmaster's primary warriors (under the name Scrapper 142) and befriends the Hulk who had also traveled there. She is alcoholic and somewhat sadistic, although this masks her PTSD and unattainable hope of running away from her problems and memories. When Thor arrives, she is uninterested in working with him, but changes her mind when Loki uses his powers to make her remember the battle against Hela, and they plot to escape. They make it to Asgard and she helps the surviving population evacuate. She then continues to travel with her new allies on a ship that is intercepted by Thanos. Thompson stated that the character is bisexual, based on her comic book relationship with Annabelle Riggs, and convinced director Taika Waititi to shoot a glimpse of a woman walking out of Valkyrie's bedroom but it was cut as Waititi thought it distracted from the scene's exposition.
- In Avengers: Infinity War, Valkyrie does not appear, but the movie's director Joe Russo revealed that she survived both Thanos' attack on the Asgardian ship and his Snap at the end of the film.
- Thompson reprises the role in Avengers: Endgame in 2019. She is settled in New Asgard on Earth, directing the visiting Hulk and Rocket to Thor's house when they come to recruit him for their mission to travel back in time and 'borrow' past versions of the Infinity Stones to undo the Snap. She later joins forces with the Avengers, Guardians of the Galaxy, the Asgardians and their allies in the climactic battle against Thanos. At the end of the film, Thor appoints her as the monarch of New Asgard while he departs Earth with the Guardians of the Galaxy.
- Valkyrie appears in The Super Hero Squad Show episode "Mental Organism Designed Only for Kissing" voiced by Michelle Trachtenberg. Thor falls in love with her when she helps Ms. Marvel, Thor, and Iron Man fight Abomination, Fin Fang Foom, and MODOK. When Iron Man tries to invite Valkyrie out to a "Ride of the Valkyries" performance, Valkyrie declines, noting Iron Man's failure to gather the Infinity Sword Fractals making iron man lose interest in her .
- Valkyrie appears in The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes episode "The Fall of Asgard", voiced by Colleen O'Shaughnessey. She, Sif, and the other Valkyries rescue Ant-Man and an unconscious Wasp from Ymir and the Frost Giants.
- Valkyrie appears in the animated series Guardians of the Galaxy, she made her debut in the episode "The Real Me", voiced by Raven-Symoné. Her appearance is based on Tessa Thompson's character in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, though she states that most people call her "Val."
- Valkyrie appears as an NPC in the video game Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, voiced by Nika Futterman. Weasel has a crush on her, but she is annoyed by him and is instead attracted to Deadpool, though he does not reciprocate her feelings. Deadpool states to Valkyrie that Weasel has that way with women ever since he brought his cousin to the prom. During the quest to open Bifrost Bridge, Valkyrie will ask the heroes to recover her sword Dragonfang. If the player finds her sword Dragonfang, Asgard will be easily freed with her aid, Loki will be imprisoned in chains, and Ragnarok never comes to pass. If the player doesn't find Dragonfang, Valkyrie will fall in the battle to free Asgard, Balder will die trying to save her, and Asgard will refuse contact with Earth for a century. When Dragonfang is found, Valkyrie will use her abilities to call it to her. When Odin is freed from his dark magic confinement, he will be recalled to Asgard by Valkyrie to recover.
- Valkyrie is a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online, voiced by Grey DeLisle.
- Valkyrie appeared as an unlockable character in Marvel: Avengers Alliance, only accessible after completion of the tasks of Spec Ops 5. She would later become a permanent recruit.
- Valkyrie appears in Marvel Heroes, voiced by Michelle Arthur.
- Valkyrie is a playable character in Lego Marvel's Avengers voiced by Mary Elizabeth McGlynn. She is found in the Asgard hub where she requests help from the player into finding female Asgardian warriors to join her Valkyrior army.
- The MCU version of Valkyrie is a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2.
- A teenage version of Valkyrie (based on her movie incarnation) appears in Marvel Avengers Academy.
- The MCU version of Valkyrie appears in Marvel Puzzle Quest.
- Valkyrie appears as a supporting character in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3: The Black Order, voiced again by Mary Elizabeth McGlynn.
- Thomas, Roy (w), Buscema, John (p), Palmer, Tom (i). "Come on in, the Revolution's Fine" The Avengers 83 (December 1970)
- Brayson, Johnny (November 2, 2017). "What Happens Between Thor & Valkyrie In The Comics? The Heroes Make Quite A Pair". Bustle. Archived from the original on June 2, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- Thomas, Roy (w), Trimpe, Herb (p), Severin, John (i). "They Shoot Hulks, Don't They?" The Incredible Hulk v2, 142 (August 1971)
- Engelhart, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), McLaughlin, Frank (i). "The New Defender!" The Defenders 4 (February 1973)
- Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1970s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 158. ISBN 978-0756641238.
[The] Enchantress of Asgard, endowed Barbara Norris with the consciousness, physical appearance, and superhuman powers of Brunnhilde, leader of the Valkyries.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Englehart, Steve (n.d.). "The Defenders I". SteveEnglehart.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- Gerber, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "..the Snakes Shall Inherit the Earth!" The Defenders 23 (May 1975)
- Kraft, David Anthony (w), Hannigan, Ed (p), Patterson, Bruce (i). "Val in Valhalla Part One War of the Dead!" The Defenders 66 (December 1978)
- Kraft, David Anthony; Hannigan, Ed (w), Hannigan, Ed (p), Patterson, Bruce (i). "Val in Valhalla Part Two We, The Unliving..." The Defenders 67 (January 1979)
- Kraft, David Anthony; Hannigan, Ed (w), Trimpe, Herb (p), Marcos, Pablo (i). "Valhalla Can Wait!" The Defenders 68 (February 1979)
- DeMatteis, J. M. (w), Perlin, Don (p), Esposito, Mike; Stone, Chic; Trapani, Sal; Milgrom, Al (i). "On Death and Dying..." The Defenders 107 (May 1982)
- DeMatteis, J. M.; Gruenwald, Mark (w), Perlin, Don (p), Sinnott, Joe; Trapani, Sal; Barta, Hilary; Milgrom, Al (i). "The Wasteland" The Defenders 108 (June 1982)
- DeMatteis, J. M.; Gruenwald, Mark (w), Perlin, Don (p), Sinnott, Joe (i). "Vengeance! Cries the Valkyrie!" The Defenders 109 (July 1982)
- Gillis, Peter B. (w), Perlin, Don (p), Barras, Dell (i). "The End of All Songs" The Defenders 152 (February 1986)
- DeAngelo, Daniel (July 2013). "The Not-Ready-For-Super-Team Players: A History of the Defenders". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (65): 16.
- Gillis, Peter B. (w), Case, Richard (p), Emberlin, Randy (i). "Dragoncircle" Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme 3 (March 1989)
- Gillis, Peter B. (w), Case, Richard (p), DeZuniga, Tony (i). "Dragon's Dream" Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme 4 (May 1989)
- Busiek, Kurt; Larsen, Erik (w), Larsen, Erik (p), Janson, Klaus; Giordano, Dick (i). "The Curse" The Defenders v2, 2 (April 2001)
- Busiek, Kurt; Larsen, Erik (w), Larsen, Erik (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "The Armies of the Slain" The Defenders v2, 3 (May 2001)
- Busiek, Kurt; Larsen, Erik (w), Frenz, Ron (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "Ride of the Valkyrie" The Defenders v2, 4 (June 2001)
- Glass, Bryan J. L. (w), Winslade, Phil (p), Winslade, Phil (i). Tragic Opera v2, 1 (November 2010)
- Ching, Albert (November 8, 2012). "Marvel NOW! Gets an All-Female Team of Fearless Defenders". Newsarama. Archived from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- Morse, Ben (November 12, 2012). "Marvel NOW! Q&A: Fearless Defenders". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on December 23, 2012. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
- Adams, Tim (April 17, 2019). "Marvel's War of the Realms Just Killed Another Asgardian Hero". Comic Book Resources.
- Thomas, Roy (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Stone, Chic (i). "From Valhalla--A Valkyrie!" Thor 296 (June 1980)
- Thomas, Roy (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Stone, Chic (i). "The Sword of Siegfried!" Thor 297 (July 1980)
- Thomas, Roy; Ralph Macchio (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Stone, Chic (i). "Dragon's Blood!" Thor 298 (August 1980)
- Thomas, Roy; Gruenwald, Mark (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Stone, Chic (i). "Passions and Potions" Thor 299 (September 1980)
- Gruenwald, Mark; Macchio, Ralph (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Day, Gene (i). "Chapter One Twilight of the Gods!" Thor 300 (October 1980)
- Gruenwald, Mark; Macchio, Ralph (w), Pollard, Keith (p), Day, Gene (i). "Chapter Two Whatever Gods There Be..." Thor 300 (October 1980)
- Wein, Len (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Green, Dan (i). "Power Play!" The Defenders 17 (November 1974)
- Gerber, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Esposito, Mike (i). "Name That Doom!" Marvel Two-in-One 7 (January 1975)
- Gerber, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "The Woman She Was...!" The Defenders 20 (February 1975)
- DeMatteis, J. M. (w), Perlin, Don (p), DeMulder, Kim (i). "Of Elves and Androids!" Defenders 123 (September 1983)
- Gillis, Peter B. (w), Perlin, Don (p), DeMulder, Kim (i). "Dragon Midnight" Defenders 144 (June 1985)
- Oeming, Michael Avon (w), Di Vito, Andrea (p), Di Vito, Andrea (i). "Ragnarok Part the Third" Thor v2, 82 (September 2004)
- "They Are Secret Avengers". Marvel Comics. April 7, 2010. Archived from the original on October 10, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
- Brubaker, Ed (April 18, 2010). "Meet Your Secret Avengers". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on March 15, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- Fraction, Matt (w), Immonen, Stuart (p), Immonen, Stuart (i). "The Worthy" Fear Itself: The Worthy 1 (September 2011)
- Bunn, Culllen; Fraction, Matt; Yost, Chris (w), Pelletier, Paul; Bagley, Mark (p), Miki, Danny; Lanning, Andy (i). "Ride Again" Fear Itself: The Fearless 12 (June 2012)
- Bunn, Cullen (w), Hans, Stephanie (a), Cowles, Clayton (let), Pyle, Ellie (ed). Fearless Defenders 7 (July 2013), Marvel Comics
- Barbiere, Frank J.; Spencer, Nick (w), Checchetto, Marco (p), Checchetto, Marco (i). Avengers World 15 (January 2015)
- Bunn, Cullen (w), Baldeon, David (p), Baldeon, David (i). Monsters Unleashed v2, 2 (July 2017)
- Bunn, Cullen (w), Lolli, Matteo (p), Lolli, Matteo (i). Asgardians of the Galaxy 1 (November 2018)
- Aaron, Jason (w), Dauterman, Russell (p), Dauterman, Russell (i). "War of the Realms Chapter Two: The Midgard Massacre" War of the Realms 2 (June 2019)
- Englehart, Steve (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Bolle, Frank (i). "A Dark and Stormy Knight" The Defenders 11 (December 1973)
- Busiek, Kurt; Larsen, Erik; Stephenson, Eric (w), Frenz, Ron (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "While You Were Out ..." The Defenders v2, 9 (November 2001)
- Duffy, Jo; Busiek, Kurt (w), Haley, Matt (p), Panosian, Dan (i). "The Best Defense…" The Order 1 (April 2002)
- Duffy, Jo; Busiek, Kurt (w), Batista, Chris (p), Panosian, Dan (i). "It’s Our World" The Order 2 (May 2002)
- Marz, Ron; Starlin, Jim (w), Zick, Bruce (p), Montano, Steve (i). "Fragments" Thor 460 (March 1993)
- Millar, Mark (w), Hitch, Bryan (p), Neary, Paul (i). "The Defenders" The Ultimates 2 6 (July 2005)
- Loeb, Jeph (w), Madureira, Joe (p), Madureira, Joe (i). "Sex, Lies, & DVD" The Ultimates 3 1 (February 2008)
- Loeb, Jeph (w), Madureira, Joe (p), Madureira, Joe (i). The Ultimates 3 5 (November 2008)
- Loeb, Jeph (w), Finch, David (p), Miki, Danny (i). "Chapter Four: "A Time to Die"" Ultimatum 4 (May 2009)
- Loeb, Jeph (w), Cho, Frank (p), Cho, Frank (i). "Thor Reborn Chapter Five: Love" Ultimate Comics: New Ultimates 5 (April 2011)
- Holub, Christian (January 8, 2018). "Tessa Thompson's Valkyrie is coming to Marvel comics". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on June 3, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "The Top 50 Avengers". IGN. April 30, 2012. Archived from the original on October 3, 2015. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
- Frankenhoff, Brent (2011). Comics Buyer's Guide Presents: 100 Sexiest Women in Comics. Iola, Wisconsin: Krause Publications. p. 44. ISBN 978-1-4402-2988-6.
- "Voice Of Brunnhilde – Marvel Universe". Behind The Voice Actors. n.d. Retrieved June 18, 2019. Check marks indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources.
- Strom, Marc (May 20, 2016). "Marvel Studios Confirms Stellar New Cast Members of the Highly Anticipated Thor: Ragnarok". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on June 4, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- Nicholson, Amy (October 31, 2017). "How Tessa Thompson Went From Indie Actor to 'Thor: Ragnarok' Badass". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 30, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Peters, Megan (May 1, 2018). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Director Reveals Fate of Valkyrie, Asgardians". Comicbook. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved May 1, 2018.
- Lee, Jess (March 26, 2019). "Avengers: Endgame posters confirm return of Tessa Thompson's Valkyrie". Digital Spy. Archived from the original on March 27, 2019. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Allstetter, Rob (March 7, 2009). "Comics Continuum by Rob Allstetter". ComicsContinuum.com. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- ""The Super Hero Squad Show: Quest for the Infinity Sword" Volume 1 Arrives on DVD July 13, 2010 from Shout! Factory". Comic Book Resources. May 13, 2010. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
- Marston, George (May 17, 2019). "Valkyrie Joins Guardians of the Galaxy: Mission Breakout". Newsarama. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
- Thompson, Avery (May 17, 2019). "Raven-Symoné Is Fierce As Valkyrie In 'Guardians Of The Galaxy: Mission Breakout'". Hollywood Life. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
- Fahey, Mike (May 13, 2011). "Explore the Halls of Asgard in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online". Kotaku. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Angelo Francisco, Mikael (November 4, 2013). "Facebook goes to the Dark World with Marvel: Avengers Alliance". GMA News. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- "Voice Of Valkyrie – Marvel Universe". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved September 20, 2017. Check marks indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources.
- Solan, Colin (February 28, 2018). "Star Wars Rebels' Steve Blum & Mary Elizabeth McGlynn Appear at Anime Boston 2018". Convention Scene. Archived from the original on May 5, 2019. Retrieved May 5, 2019.
- Cork, Jeff (October 12, 2017). "Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2 - Cosmo The Spacedog Sets Up The Story In New Trailer". Game Informer. Archived from the original on April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Snyder, Justin (November 1, 2017). "Battle Hela and Stop Ragnarok in 'Marvel Avengers Academy'". Marvel. Archived from the original on April 18, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Chabala, Ben (March 19, 2018). "Piecing Together Marvel Puzzle Quest: Valkyrie". Marvel. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Valkyrie at the Marvel Universe wiki
- Valkyrie at the Marvel Directory
- Valkyrie (Brunnhilde) at the Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe
- Valkyrie (Brunnhilde) at the Comic Book DB
- Valkyrie (Brunnhilde/Barbara Norriss) at the Comic Book DB
- Valkyrie (Samantha Parrington) at the Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe
- Valkyrie (Samantha Parrington) at the Comic Book DB
- Brunnhilde on Marvel Database, a Marvel Comics wiki