Valery Zhelobinsky

Valery Viktorovich Zhelobinsky (Russian: Bалерий Bикторович Желобинский; sometimes transcribed from the Cyrillic as 'Zhelobinski' or 'Valarie Jelobinsky'; Tambov, 27 January 1913 – Leningrad, 13 August 1946) was a Russian composer and pianist.

Life and worksEdit

Zhelobinsky studied music firstly at Tambov and then from 1928 to 1932 at the Leningrad Conservatory with Vladimir Shcherbachov. He performed across the Soviet Union as a soloist. He returned to Tambov in 1942 where he taught at the College of Music and was Chairman of the Composers' Union.

For his short career, Zhelobinsky's output was large. His four operas, which include The Peasant of Komarino (Комаринский мужик), produced in Leningrad in 1933, and Mother (Мать, 1939, based on the novel by Maxim Gorky), were well received. He also wrote orchestral music including six symphonies, and three piano concertos. His Romantic Poem for violin and orchestra was premiered in Leningrad together with the first performance of Dmitri Shostakovich's Sixth Symphony in November 1939.[1]

From his numerous piano works, the 'Six short études' were introduced to the United States by Vladimir Horowitz and were published there in 1946. Two of these études were recorded by Oscar Levant.[2]

Shostakovich thought highly of Zhelobinsky, and argued in a 1951 letter to Mikhail Chulaki, secretary of the Union of Soviet Composers, that he should be included in a proposed list of 100 Russian composers, pointing out that 'dying at a very young stage of [his] development, [he] never reached the peak of [his] composing talents'.[3]

Selected Compositions (Incomplete)Edit

Symphonic MusicEdit

  • Symphony No. 1 in B Minor, Op. 17 "Dramatic" (1932–36) [4][5]
  • Symphony No. 2, Op. 28 (1939) [6]
  • Symphony No. 3 in D Major, Op. 34, "Lyric" (1940–41) [7][8]

ConcertanteEdit

  • "Small" Piano Concerto, Op. 21 (1933–34) [9][10]
  • Violin Concerto in C Major, Op. 25 (1934–35) [11]

Chamber WorksEdit

  • Chamber Symphony (Dectet) (1930) [12]
  • "Mourning Song" for Cello and Piano, Op. 27(bis) No. 7 (1934) [13][14]
  • String Quartet, Op. 42 (1943) [15]
  • "Little" Quartet for Woodwinds (1946, incomplete) [16]

OperasEdit

  • Kamarinsky Muzhik (Камаринский мужик), Op. 18 (1933) [17]
  • Name Day / Imeniny (Именины), Op. 22 (1934–35) [18]
  • Mother (Мать), Op. 31 (1939) [19]

Solo PianoEdit

  • Two Pieces, Op. 6 (1930) [20][21]
    • No. 1: Nocturne
    • No. 2: Ostinato
  • Six Short Etudes, Op. 19 (1933) [22]
  • 24 Preludes, Op. 20 (1934) [23]
  • Three Pieces, Op. 27 (1935) [24]
  • Childhood Scenes (Book I), Op. 32 (1939) [25]
  • 12 Songs Without Words, Op. 35 [26]
  • Childhood Scenes (Book II) (1945) [27]
  • Two Pieces (Without Opus) [28]

SourcesEdit

  • Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Zhelobinsky, Valery Viktorovich.
  • Ernö Balogh, Introduction to Six Short Etudes by Valarie Jelobinsky, New York, 1946.
  • Nicolas Slonimsky, Soviet Music and Musicians, in 'Slavonic and East European Review', vol. 22 (December 1944)
  • Dmitri Shostakovich, ed. I. A. Bobikina, Dmitri Shostakovich v pis'makh i dokumentakh, Moscow 2000. ISBN 978-5-87579-029-4. OCLC 50387438.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Shostakovich (2000) (see Sources), p. 244.
  2. ^ Balogh (1946) (see Sources)
  3. ^ Shostakovich (2000), p. 411.
  4. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  5. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  6. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  7. ^ "РГАЛИ г.Москва". rgali.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  8. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  9. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  10. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  11. ^ "Violin Concerto, Op.25 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  12. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  13. ^ "Mourning Song, Op.27 No.7bis (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  14. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  15. ^ "НМБТ". lib.mosconsv.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  16. ^ "Quartet for Woodwinds (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  17. ^ "Kamarinsky Muzhik, Op.18 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  18. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  19. ^ "Mother (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  20. ^ "Информационные ресурсы - Архивы Санкт-Петербурга". spbarchives.ru. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  21. ^ "2 Pieces for Piano, Op.6 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  22. ^ "6 Short Etudes, Op.19 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  23. ^ "24 Preludes, Op.20 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  24. ^ "3 Pieces for Piano, Op.27 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  25. ^ "Children's Scenes for Piano, Op.32 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  26. ^ "12 Songs Without Words, Op.35 (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  27. ^ "Children's Scenes for Piano, Book Two (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.
  28. ^ "2 Pieces for Piano (Zhelobinsky, Valery) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-08-14.

External linksEdit