Valašské Meziříčí

Valašské Meziříčí (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvalaʃskɛː ˈmɛzɪr̝iːtʃiː]; German: Wallachisch Meseritsch) is a town in Vsetín District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 22,000 inhabitants. The historic town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.

Valašské Meziříčí
Town square
Town square
Flag of Valašské Meziříčí
Coat of arms of Valašské Meziříčí
Valašské Meziříčí is located in Czech Republic
Valašské Meziříčí
Valašské Meziříčí
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°28′18″N 17°58′16″E / 49.47167°N 17.97111°E / 49.47167; 17.97111Coordinates: 49°28′18″N 17°58′16″E / 49.47167°N 17.97111°E / 49.47167; 17.97111
Country Czech Republic
RegionZlín
DistrictVsetín
First mentioned1297
Government
 • MayorRobert Stržínek (ANO)
Area
 • Total35.44 km2 (13.68 sq mi)
Elevation
294 m (965 ft)
Population
 (2022-01-01)[1]
 • Total21,883
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
757 01
Websitewww.valasskemezirici.cz

Administrative partsEdit

Town parts and villages of Bynina, Hrachovec, Juřinka, Krásno nad Bečvou, Lhota and Podlesí are administrative parts of Valašské Meziříčí.

EtymologyEdit

 
Confluence of Vsetínská Bečva and Rožnovská Bečva

The name Meziříčí literally means "between the rivers" and is related to its location on the confluence of rivers. The attribute Valašské (i.e. "Wallachian") refers to its locations in the region of Moravian Wallachia.

GeographyEdit

Valašské Meziříčí is located about 34 kilometres (21 mi) northeast of Zlín. The Vsetínská Bečva and Rožnovská Bečva rivers join in the town to form the Bečva River.

The municipal territory of Valašské Meziříčí lies in three geomorphological regions. The western and northern parts lie in the Moravian-Silesian Foothills, the eastern part lies in the Rožnov Valley, and the southern part lies in the Hostýn-Vsetín Mountains. The highest point is the top of the hill Brdo with an elevation of 543 metres (1,781 ft).

HistoryEdit

The first written mention of Valašské Meziříčí is from 1297. The village on the left bank of the Rožnovská Bečva was first referred to as a town in 1377. Krásno nad Bečvou was founded on the right bank of the Rožnovská Bečva and in 1491 it was promoted to a market town. Krásno nad Bečvou was a separate entity until 1924, when it was merged with Valašské Meziříčí, however, their history is similar and they had common owners.[2][3]

The most significant owner of the two manors was the Zierotin family, who had built a Renaissance castle here. In the 19th century, Valašské Meziříčí became the centre of education and Krásno nad Bečvou was industrialized.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18697,108—    
18807,767+9.3%
18908,024+3.3%
19008,245+2.8%
19108,529+3.4%
YearPop.±%
19218,495−0.4%
193011,173+31.5%
195012,413+11.1%
196113,981+12.6%
197019,252+37.7%
YearPop.±%
198023,253+20.8%
199124,864+6.9%
200124,130−3.0%
201122,922−5.0%
202121,709−5.3%
Source: Censuses[4][5]

EconomyEdit

Valašské Meziříčí has a tradition of chemical, automotive and food industry. The town is known for one of the largest chemical plants in Europe, DEZA a.s., a part of the Agrofert conglomerate.[6] The plant was founded in 1960 and is focused on processing of tar and benzene.[7]

The Moravská gobelínová manufaktura is a unique tapestry manufactory established in 1898.

SightsEdit

 
Žerotín Castle
 
Kinský Castle

Valašské Meziříčí has a small historic centre formed by the town square and its surroundings, including the Žerotín Castle. The town square is lined by preserved burger houses.[2] One of the most valuable monuments of the historic centre is the parish Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary. The originally Gothic church was first mentioned in 1419, after it replaced an old church from the 13th century. The Renaissance tower with a portal was added in 1581 and the Baroque Chapel of the Virgin Mary was added in 1681–1682. In the mid-18th century, the church was baroque rebuilt.[8]

The Žerotín Castle is one of the main landmarks of the town. Construction of the castle was started by John III of Pernstein in the first half of the 16th century. The originally Renaissance castle was baroque rebuilt by the Zierotins. After it was used as a women's prison and military infirmary in the 20th century, it was reconstructed and today serves as a cultural centre of the town.[9]

The Kinský Castle was originally a Baroque building which housed the Krásno manor administration. In the mid-19th century it was rebuilt by the Kinsky family to an Empire style castle. Since 1949, the castle has been used as a museum, today the Wallachian Regional Museum. Adjacent to the castle is a large English park with valuable tree species, founded at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries.[10]

The Moravská gobelínová manufaktura includes a museum of tapestry manufactory and a gallery of modern and historical tapestries.[11]

The Holocaust Monument from 2004 is located on the site of a synagogue which was destroyed during the World War II.[12]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Valašské Meziříčí is twinned with:[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
  2. ^ a b c "Historie" (in Czech). Město Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  3. ^ "O městě" (in Czech). Město Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  4. ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Vsetín" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 5–6.
  5. ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
  6. ^ "About the Town". Město Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  7. ^ "Company history". DEZA a.s. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  8. ^ "Farní kostel Nanebevzetí Panny Marie ve Valašském Meziříčí" (in Czech). CzechTourism. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  9. ^ "Zámek Žerotínů" (in Czech). Město Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  10. ^ "Zámek Kinských" (in Czech). Město Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  11. ^ "Živé muzeum gobelínů" (in Czech). Moravská gobelínová manufaktura. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  12. ^ "Valašské Meziříčí si připomene oběti holocaustu" (in Czech). Město Valašské Meziříčí. 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2021-12-30.
  13. ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Valašské Meziříčí. Retrieved 2021-12-30.

External linksEdit