The Val d'Orcia or Valdorcia (Italian: [ˌvalˈdortʃa]) is a region of Tuscany, central Italy, which extends from the hills south of Siena to Monte Amiata. Its gentle, cultivated hills are occasionally broken by gullies and by picturesque towns and villages such as Pienza (rebuilt as an "ideal town" in the 15th century under the patronage of Pope Pius II),[1] Radicofani (home to the notorious brigand-hero Ghino di Tacco) and Montalcino (the Brunello di Montalcino is counted among the most prestigious of Italian wines).[2] Its landscape has been depicted in works of art from Renaissance painting to modern photography.

Val d'Orcia
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Typical landscape of the Val d'Orcia
LocationProvince of Siena, Tuscany, Italy
CriteriaCultural: (iv), (vi)
Inscription2004 (28th Session)
Area61,188 ha (151,200 acres)
Buffer zone5,660 ha (14,000 acres)
Coordinates43°04′N 11°33′E / 43.067°N 11.550°E / 43.067; 11.550
Val d'Orcia is located in Tuscany
Val d'Orcia
Location of Val d'Orcia in Tuscany
Val d'Orcia is located in Italy
Val d'Orcia
Val d'Orcia (Italy)

World Heritage


The Val d'Orcia was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2004.[3]

Val d'Orcia with Monte Amiata, view to the west from La Foce

Orcia DOC

Sangiovese vineyards in the Val D'Orcia, Monte Amiata in the background.

Within the Val d'Orcia is a strip of land following the Orcia river between the DOCG zones of Brunello di Montalcino and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano. Here Sangiovese and Trebbiano-based wines are produced under the Orcia Denominazione di origine controllata (DOC) status.

The DOC red wine is composed of at least 60 per cent Sangiovese with other local varieties, such as Abrusco, permitted to fill in the remainder of the blend. The dry white wine and Vin Santo style DOC wines are composed of at least 50 per cent Trebbiano filled out with other local varieties. All grapes destined for DOC wine production are limited to a maximum harvest yield of 10 tonnes/hectare, with the finished wines required to have a minimum alcohol level of at least 12 per cent.[4]

Historic railways heritage site


Val d'Orcia is crossed by a 19th-century railway, whose tracks, stations and tunnels are continually maintained in working order, the normal railway service provided by the state having been discontinued in 1994. The scenic line connects the small town of Asciano with Monte Antico using historic steam engines and carriages on selected dates throughout the year, to serve visitors to local festivals.[5]

Film locations


Val d'Orcia has been a location for many well-known films, including:

In literature


The book War in Val d'Orcia by Iris Origo (1902–1988) is a detailed, first-hand account of the World War II events of 1943–1944 in the region, written as a diary in English.[6]



  1. ^ Haegen, Anne Mueller von der; Strasser, Ruth F. (2013). "Pienza". Art & Architecture: Tuscany. Potsdam: H.F.Ullmann Publishing. pp. 394–395. ISBN 978-3-8480-0321-1. Retrieved 18 May 20119.]
  2. ^ Discusses vintages etc. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  3. ^ Nomination document Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  4. ^ Saunders, Peter Lionel (2004). Wine label language. Firefly Books Ltd. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-55297-720-0.
  5. ^ Tourism guide Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  6. ^ Iris Margaret Origo, Marchioness: War in Val d'Orcia. A Diary (London: Jonathan Cape, 1947 (British Library details).