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Vaishya Vani is a sub-caste of Vaishyas, one of the varnas of Hinduism.They are traditionally traders and merchants and are found mainly in the Indian regions of Konkan, Goa, some parts of coastal and central Karnataka, and Kerala. In Konkan there were also regional Vani communities, like Kudali (coming from Kudal in Savantwadi), Sangameshwari (from Sangameshwar in Ratnagiri) and Patne (from Patan in Satara).[1][need quotation to verify] In Goa, they speak dialects of the Marathi and Konkani.[2]

During the Goa Kadamba period they were known as Banajigas (merchants) who were engaged in trade. The reference to these Banajigas from Savoi Verem, Narve, Khandepar, Kapilagram, Bandivade and Taligram are mentioned in Khandepar copper plate of 1358 CE.[3][4]

Vaishya Vanis are classified as an Other Backward Class(OBC) community by the Government of India and are eligible for reservation in government jobs as well as educational institutions.[5][6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Tripathi, Dwijendra (1984). Business communities of India: a historical perspective. Manohar. p. 90.
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Union Territory Goa, Daman and Diu: district gazetter by Vithal Trimbak Gune, Goa, Daman and Diu (India). Gazetteer Dept, published by Gazetteer Dept., Govt. of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu, 1979
  3. ^ Tulpule, S.G. Pracina Mqrathi koriva lekha. pp. 271–276.
  4. ^ Mitragotri, Vithal Raghavendra (1999). A socio-cultural history of Goa from the Bhojas to the Vijayanagara. Institute Menezes Braganza. pp. 68–69.
  5. ^ "Vaishya Vani community to get OBC accreditation within 8 days". Prahaar(Mumbai). 13 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Jolt for Sena as KDMC mayor disqualified". Mumbai Mirror.