Vahdat (Tajik: Ваҳдат) is a city in western Tajikistan, on the bank of the Kofarnihon River, 21 km east of Dushanbe. It was previously called Yangi-Bozor (1927–1936), Orjonikidzeobod (1936–1993, after Grigoriy Ordzhonikidze)[3] and Kofarnihon (1993–2006).[4] Its population is estimated at 43,200 for the city proper and 342,700 for the city with the outlying communities (2020).[1] Vahdat was the focus on international attention in 2019 when a riot occurred in the city's prison, believed to be instigated by members of Islamic State, which led to the deaths of three guards and 29 inmates.[5]

Vahdat
Tajik: Ваҳдат
Ваҳдат. Муҷассамаи Модар.tif
Vahdat is located in Tajikistan
Vahdat
Vahdat
Location in Tajikistan
Coordinates: 38°33′11″N 69°01′14″E / 38.55306°N 69.02056°E / 38.55306; 69.02056Coordinates: 38°33′11″N 69°01′14″E / 38.55306°N 69.02056°E / 38.55306; 69.02056
CountryFlag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan
RegionDistricts of Republican Subordination
Government
 • ChairmanAmirzoda Rahmonali Amir
Elevation
870 m (2,850 ft)
Population
 (2020)[1]
 • City342,700
 • Urban
43,200
Time zone+5
Official languages
Websitewww.vahdat.tj

GeographyEdit

The city is located in the upper basin of the river Kofarnihon, and is near the Gissar Range (southern slopes) and the Karategin Range (northern slopes), to the west, the city is on the edge of the Gissar Valley.[6]

SubdivisionsEdit

Before ca. 2018, Vahdat was the seat of Vahdat District, which covered the rural part of the present city of Vahdat.[7] The city of Hisor covers Hisor proper, the town Nu'mon Roziq and ten jamoats.[8] These are as follows:[9]

Jamoat Population (Jan. 2015)[9]
Nu'mon Roziq (town) 11,600[7]
Abdullo Abdulvosiev 43,020
Bahor 28,276
Bozorboy Burunov 24,876
Chorsu 3,913
Chuyangaron 21,076
Guliston 37,452
Karim Ismoilov 34,544
Rajab Ismoilov 19,185
Romit 15,440
Simiganj 35,473

DemographicsEdit

The population is composed primarily of Tajiks and Uzbeks, with small numbers of Russians and Tatars.[4] Numbers of Afghan refugees have also made Vahdat home.[10]

EconomyEdit

The city's economy is mainly shaped by the surrounding district's agricultural activities: cotton, cattle, grains and vegetable production, and viticulture,[6] with cotton-ginning being the city's dominant industrial activity.[4]

TransportationEdit

There are road and rail connections between Vahdat and Dushanbe. Vahdat's railway station was built in 1930.[4] Highway connections are possible to Jirgatol, Khorog, Kulob, Nurak and Yovon.[6]

EducationEdit

 
Vahdat Statistical College

The Vahdat Statistical College specializes in courses on finance, accounting and economics.[11]

InfrastructureEdit

Vahdat is the location of a prison which included those convicted of terrorist crimes, mainly associated with membership in Islamic State (ISIS/ISIL) and the Islamic Renaissance Party of Tajikistan (IRPT). In 2019, a prison riot saw three guards and 29 inmates killed, 24 of whom were said to be Islamic militants.[5] One of the those killed was Behruz Gulmurod, a son of Gulmurod Halimov, previously a commander of Tajik Interior Ministry special forces who joined ISIS/ISIL in 2015.[12]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Vahdat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.6
(36.7)
8
(46)
14.3
(57.7)
18.5
(65.3)
23.6
(74.5)
26
(79)
24.4
(75.9)
19.7
(67.5)
14
(57)
8.5
(47.3)
3.9
(39.0)
13.7
(56.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.1
(2.80)
82.3
(3.24)
117.8
(4.64)
114.1
(4.49)
80.9
(3.19)
10.8
(0.43)
5.2
(0.20)
1
(0.0)
3.3
(0.13)
36
(1.4)
49.2
(1.94)
64.4
(2.54)
636.1
(25)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.3 11.6 14.4 12.9 10.6 3.3 1.6 0.6 1.2 5.4 7.1 10 89
Average relative humidity (%) 69.5 68.1 64.5 61 54.5 41.3 38 39.3 41.9 51.5 58.8 67 54.6
Source: weatherbase.com[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2020" (PDF) (in Russian). Statistics office of Tajikistan. Retrieved 8 October 2020.
  2. ^ "КОНСТИТУЦИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ ТАДЖИКИСТАН". prokuratura.tj. Parliament of Tajikistan. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  3. ^ Bursa, G. R. F. (1985). "Political Changes of Names of Soviet Towns". The Slavonic and East European Review. 63 (2): 171. ISSN 0037-6795. JSTOR 4209080.
  4. ^ a b c d Abdullaev, Kamoludin (2018). "Vahdat". Historical Dictionary of Tajikistan. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 471. ISBN 978-1-5381-0252-7.
  5. ^ a b Reuters (2019-05-20). "Dozens killed in riot at Tajikistan prison holding Isis militants". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  6. ^ a b c "Дар бораи шаҳр". www.vahdat.tj (in Tajik). Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  7. ^ a b "Population of the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2015" (PDF) (in Russian). Statistics office of Tajikistan. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Regions of the Republic of Tajikistan 2017" (PDF) (in Russian). Statistics office of Tajikistan. pp. 15–21. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  9. ^ a b Jamoat-level basic indicators, United Nations Development Programme in Tajikistan, accessed 8 October 2020
  10. ^ Berger, Miriam (14 October 2015). "Here's What Life Is Like For Afghan Refugees Who Don't Make It To Europe". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  11. ^ "ФАКУЛТЕТҲО". kov.tj (in Tajik). Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  12. ^ "Tajik Opposition Members Among 32 Killed In Prison Riot". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  13. ^ "Vahdat,Tajikistan". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 29 March 2020.