Vacha (river)

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The Vacha (Bulgarian: Въча, pronounced [ˈvɤt͡ʃɐ]) is a river in south Bulgaria, one of the main right tributaries of the Maritsa. It is 104 km long and is formed by the confluence of the rivers Chairdere and Buynovska reka. Shirokolashka is another tributary.

River Vacha Gorge at river's entry to Krichim Dam Reservoir
Physical characteristics
 • location
 • coordinates
42°08′51″N 24°36′53″E / 42.1475°N 24.6148°E / 42.1475; 24.6148Coordinates: 42°08′51″N 24°36′53″E / 42.1475°N 24.6148°E / 42.1475; 24.6148
Length103.7 km (64.4 mi)[1]
Basin size1,680 km2 (650 sq mi)[1]
Basin features
ProgressionMaritsaAegean Sea
Panoramic view of Vacha dam reservoir


The Vacha passes through Krichim Dam and Vacha Dam that secure drinking water for Plovdiv and its plains. It runs through the Rhodopes forming a deep valley where the two dams are located. An important town in the valley is Devin. It is the second largest river that has its source in the Rhodopes after the Arda. The Vacha does not flow close to any industrial enterprises, which is the reason for its clear water. The origin of its valley is similar to that of the Chepelare River.

The Vacha River in Krichim.

External linksEdit