The VSK-94 (Russian: Войсковой Снайперский Комплекс, romanizedVoyskovoy Snayperskiy Kompleks, lit.'Military Sniper Complex', GRAU designation 6В8) is a 9x39mm suppressed designated marksman rifle designed in 1995 in the KBP Instrument Design Bureau by Vasily Gryazev.

VSK-94 with a PSO-1 optical sight mounted
TypeDesignated marksman rifle
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service1994–present
Used byVarious Spetsnaz units, Mainly law enforcement units.
WarsSecond Chechen War, 2008 South Ossetia war, Syrian Civil War
Production history
DesignerKBP Instrument Design Bureau Vasily Gryazev
ManufacturerKBP Instrument Design Bureau
Unit costUnknown
No. builtUnknown
Mass2.8 kg (6.17 lb)
Length932 mm (36.7 in)
Barrel length230 mm (9.1 in)
Width83 mm (3.3 in)
Height280 mm (11.0 in)

Cartridge9x39mm SP5 and SP6; also PAB-9 including later variants SPP, BP
ActionGas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire700 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity270 m/s
Effective firing range400 m
Maximum firing range600 m
Feed system20-round detachable box magazine
SightsTelescopic sight, fixed back-up iron sights provided, comes with a standard PSO-1 scope and a satchel with weapon cleaning kit and 1 box magazine.


The VSK-94 retains the gas-driven operating principle of the 9A-91 with a rotating bolt and hammer fire mechanism. The rifle features a stamped steel receiver, skeletonized polymer stock integrated with the pistol grip and a synthetic forearm. The VSK-94 is equipped with a 4x PSO-1 optical sight (adapted for subsonic rounds shooting) and standard flip iron sights from the 9A-91.

The threaded barrel is designed to use a specifically designed suppressor.

The rifle uses 9x39mm ammunition feeding from a 20-round detachable box magazine.

Since the 9x39mm bullet weighs about twice as much as that of the 9×19mm Parabellum, its muzzle energy is about twice as high as that of a subsonic 9×19mm Parabellum bullet fired from an HK MP5SD, for example.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Александр Макаров. Полк высоких технологий. Силы специальных операций // журнал "Спецназ", июль 2011
  2. ^ P, Rajat (19 July 2019). "Elite special forces of Army, IAF, Navy get major weapons upgrade | India News – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  3. ^ "VSK-94: Russian weapons for the Syrian snipers".

External linksEdit