City Park (Budapest)
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The City Park (Hungarian: Városliget; German: Stadtwäldchen) is a public park close to the centre of Budapest, Hungary. It is a 0.9-by-0.6-mile (1,400 by 970 m) rectangle, with an area of 302 acres (1.2 km2), located in District XIV of Budapest, between Hungária körút, Atjósi Dürer sor, Vágány utca and Dózsa Győrgy út. Its main entrance is at Heroes' Square (Hősök tere), one of Hungary's World Heritage sites.
The area was formerly called Ökör-dűlő, meaning "Oxmeadow". The first mention of the name comes from 1241 in the archaic form, Ukurföld. In the 18th century the area was called Ochsenried in German. Around 1800 the official name was changed to Batthyány-erdő (Batthyány Forest) after its tenants, the Batthyány family. The first trees and planified walkways were established in 1751 and after the public park was created in the first decades of the 19th century the present-day name, Városliget (and its German version, Stadtwäldchen, lit.: "little city forest") was accepted and it became one of the first public parks in the world.
The park hosted motorsport events in the 1950s.
City Park includes the following sights:
- Vajdahunyad Castle, opened in 1896
- Széchenyi thermal bath
- Budapest Zoo, including the Elephant House
- Municipal Circus, opened in 1891
- Gundel Restaurant, opened in 1894
- Budapest Circus Building