Uttarakhand High Court
The Uttarakhand High Court is the High Court of the state of Uttarakhand in India. The Uttarakhand State was carved out from the State of Uttar Pradesh on 9 November 2000 under the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000. At the time of the creation of the State, the High Court of Uttarakhand was also established on the same day at Nainital.
|Uttarakhand High Court|
|Established||9 November 2000|
|Composition method||Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Governor of Uttarakhand|
|Authorized by||Constitution of India|
|Appeals to||Supreme Court of India|
|Judge term length||mandatory retirement by age of 62|
|Number of positions||11 |
(9 Permanent Judges + 2 Additional Judges)
|Website||Uttarakhand High Court|
|Since||2 November 2018|
The sanctioned judge strength at the time of creation in 2000 was 7; this was increased to 9 in 2003. Justice Ashok Desai was the inaugural holder of the office. Former Chief Justices of Uttarakhand Sarosh Homi Kapadia and Jagdish Singh Khehar later went on to become Chief Justice of India. Ramesh Ranganathan is the current Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court. He assumed office on 2 November 2018.
List of sitting judges of the Uttarakhand High CourtEdit
There are currently ten sitting judges including the Chief Justice, with one post lying vacant .  Following is the list of the current serving judges of the Uttarakhand High Court, ordered by seniority.
|№||Name||Date of Appointment||Date of Retirement||Type of Vacancy||State/Union Territory|
|26 May 2005
(2 November 2018 as CJ)
|27 July 2020||Bar||Delhi|
|2||Sudhanshu Dhulia||1 November 2008||9 August 2022||Bar||Uttarakhand|
|3||Alok Singh||12 October 2009||27 April 2021||Bar||Uttarakhand|
|4||Lok Pal Singh||9 May 2017||14 February 2021||Bar||Uttarakhand|
|5||Manoj Kumar Tiwari||9 May 2017||18 September 2027||Bar||Uttarakhand|
|7||Narayan Singh Dhanik||3 December 2018||19 May 2022||Bench||Uttarakhand|
|8||Ramesh Chandra Khulbe||3 December 2018||2 January 2023||Bench||Uttarakhand|
|9||Ravindra Maithani||3 December 2018||24 June 2027||Bench||Uttarakhand|
|10||Alok Kumar Verma||27 May 2019||15 August 2026||Bench||Uttarakhand|
Hira Singh Bonal is the current Registrar General of the Uttarakhand High Court. He Assumed office on 29 June 2019.
Uttarakhand High Court mandated that the river Ganges and Yamuna as well as all water bodies are "living entities" i.e. "legal person" and appointed 3 humans as trustees to protect the rights of rivers against the pollution caused by the humans, e.g. "pilgrims's bathing rituals".