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The uterine artery is an artery that supplies blood to the uterus in females.

Uterine artery
Arteries of the female reproductive tract: uterine artery, ovarian artery and vaginal arteries. (Uterine artery labeled at center.)
Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Uterine artery labeled at center right.)
Source internal iliac artery (i.e. hypogastric artery)
Vein uterine veins
Supplies round ligament of the uterus, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube
Latin arteria uterina
TA A12.2.15.029F
FMA 18829
Anatomical terminology



The uterine artery usually arises from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It travels to the uterus, crossing the ureter anteriorly, reaching the uterus by traveling in the cardinal ligament.

Uterine artery

It travels through the parametrium of the inferior broad ligament of the uterus.

It commonly anastomoses (connects with) the ovarian artery.

The uterine artery is the major blood supply to the uterus and enlarges significantly during pregnancy.

Branches and organs suppliedEdit

Additional imagesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • Anatomy photo:43:13-0204 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Female Pelvis: Branches of Internal Iliac Artery"
  • pelvis at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (uterus)