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Alec Guinness edit that claims he believed Star Wars would be a big hit

Religion in Society

There is a great disconnect between how athiests and religionist view the proper place for religion in the public square. Briefly, atheists (usually) want no religion in the public square, and religionists want equal access (non-denominational) to the public square and view athiesm as just one other "religion" that needs access.

Wikipedia's Reputation

I've been thinking about this key principle: "[What] reliable sources ... have in common is process and approval between document creation and publication." This is also the key to Wikipedia's reliability and reputation. The core principles of neutrality and verifiability along with the standards for articles (featured/good/etc) and the implicit approval of every person who reads an article and makes no changes to it.

Intellectual Property

We (Americans) often "borrow" other people's intellectual property because the transaction method (i.e. limited use permission) does not exist and can not be created without the transaction cost exceeding the value of the permission (which is close to $0.00 in most cases) so we keep using other's work, and they don't sue us.

Interesting Discussions

TithingTheologyChristian ScienceChildren of RecordWhy Edit is on IntroductionThe Bible and BoM


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Committed identity: 958be6e36eac42126fb635b1513ec54d is a MD5 commitment to this user's real-life identity.

From the Front Page of Wikipedia

Today's featured article

Kim Deal in 1995
Kim Deal

Pod is the debut album by American alternative rock band the Breeders, released by 4AD records on May 29, 1990. Engineered by Steve Albini, it features band leader Kim Deal (pictured) on vocals and guitar, Josephine Wiggs on bass, Britt Walford on drums, and Tanya Donelly on guitar. The Breeders formed in 1988 when Deal, a member of the Pixies, befriended Donelly of Throwing Muses during a European tour. They recorded a country-infused demo in 1989, leading to 4AD co-founder Ivo Watts-Russell funding an album, Pod, recorded that year at the Palladium studio in Edinburgh, Scotland. The album became a critical and popular success, reaching number 22 in the UK. Critics praised its dark, sexualized lyrics, and compared it favorably to the Pixies. Nirvana's Kurt Cobain said it was one of his favorite records, and Pitchfork ranked it number 81 on its list of the best albums of the 1990s. The cover art was designed by Vaughan Oliver and portrays a man performing a fertility dance while wearing a belt of eels. (Full article...)

Today's featured picture

Ratification of the United States Constitution by Rhode Island

On 29 May 1790, Rhode Island ratified the United States Constitution, becoming the last state to do so. It was a controversial decision, which occurred only after the United States had threatened a trade embargo against the state for non-compliance, with Rhode Island not having acceded to the Constitution almost three years after it was drawn up in 1787.

This picture is a historical depiction of Rhode Island's coat of arms, as illustrated by American engraver Henry Mitchell in State Arms of the Union, published in 1876 by Louis Prang. It was adopted by the state's General Assembly in 1881 and came into effect on 1 February 1882. The legislation stated: "The arms of the state are a golden anchor on a blue field, and the motto thereof is the word 'Hope'". A similar design appears on the seal of Rhode Island and other symbols of the state.

Illustration credit: Henry Mitchell; restored by Andrew Shiva

Yesterday's featured picture


Abundantia was a divine personification of abundance and prosperity in ancient Rome. One explanation of the origin of the cornucopia myth, as related by Ovid, is that while the river god Achelous, in the form of a bull, was fighting Hercules, one of his horns was ripped off. The horn was taken up by the Naiads, who filled it with fruit and flowers, transforming it into a "horn of plenty", and gave it into Abundantia's care.

This oil-on-panel painting of Abundantia by Peter Paul Rubens, dating from around 1630, was probably a study for a tapestry. On her lap, the buxom goddess holds a cornucopia, spilling out an abundance of fruits and flowers, symbolising the goodness of nature for mankind. Two putti gather up the fruit, while a purse under her foot represents more material treasures. The painting is now in the National Museum of Western Art in Tokyo, Japan.

Painting credit: Peter Paul Rubens

Featured Picture from Day before Yesterday


Monoceros is a faint constellation on the celestial equator, not easily visible to the naked eye. Its name is Greek for 'unicorn'. The constellation is attributed to the 17th-century Dutch cartographer Petrus Plancius. Clockwise from north, it is bordered by Gemini, Orion, Lepus, Canis Major, Puppis, Hydra and Canis Minor.

This illustration is plate 31 of Urania's Mirror, a set of 32 astronomical star chart cards illustrated by Sidney Hall and first published in 1824. Monoceros is fancifully depicted here as a prancing unicorn, being ridden by a small dog, representing Canis Minor. Underneath the unicorn is "Atelier Typographique", an obsolete constellation representing a printing press that has since been absorbed into Puppis. Urania's Mirror was originally advertised as containing "all the constellations visible in the British Empire", but that was not in fact the case, as some of the southern constellations are missing. The first edition showed only the stars in the featured constellations, with surrounding stars omitted; this illustration is from the second edition and includes the surrounding stars.

Lithograph credit: Sidney Hall; restored by Adam Cuerden

Featured Picture from Two Days before Yesterday


Saint-Étienne-du-Mont is a church located on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France. It contains the shrine of Saint Genevieve, the patron saint of Paris, as well as the tombs of Blaise Pascal and Jean Racine. This photograph of the church's interior, looking eastward, shows the slight skew of the choir relative to the nave, the high rib-vaulted ceiling, the wooden pulpit on the right, and the triforium gallery that runs around the church at mid-level. An unusual feature for a French church, it is reached by serpentine staircases circling the piers. The stone rood screen, dating back to 1530–1545, is the only remaining example of a rood screen in Paris; much of the stained glass also dates to the same period.

Photograph credit: David Iliff