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Non-drainage millEdit

Benninkmolen, Doetinchem
 
The mill in March 2011
Origin
Mill nameBenninkmolen
Velsmolen
Mill locationVarsseveldseweg 252, 7004 HK, Doetinchem
51°58′00″N 6°19′33″E / 51.96667°N 6.32583°E / 51.96667; 6.32583
Operator(s)Gemeente Doetinchem
Year built1921
Information
PurposeCorn mill
TypeSmock mill
StoreysTwo storey smock
Base storeysOne storey base
Smock sidesEight sides
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsCommon sails
Windshaftcast iron
WindingTailpole and winch
No. of pairs of millstonesTwo pairs
Size of millstones1.40 metres (4 ft 7 in) diameter

Benninkmolen is a smock mill in Doetinchem, Gelderland, Netherlands which was built in 1921 and has been restored to working order. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument.

HistoryEdit

In 1856, a tower mill was built for B Vels. It was named the Velsmolen. The mill was demolished in 1920 due to its poor condition.[1] The mill was replaced by a smock mill, which used the smock of the Buursinkmolen, Zelhem, Gelderland and machinery from various mills. It had a pair of Patent sails and a pair of Common sails. On 10 August 1925, the mill was severely damaged in a storm. Most of the shutters of the Patent sails were lost, with some of them being found 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away. The mill was not repaired, and was used by the local fire brigade for training exercises.[2]

In 1976, the mill was sold to the Gemeente Doetinchem. The mill was restored in 1980. Its name was changed from Velsmolen to Benninkmolen, after its first owner, J F Bennink. On restoration, the Patent sails were replaced by Common sails. Benninkmolen is listed as a Rijksmonument, № 13087.

DescriptionEdit

The mill is what the Dutch describe as a "Standerdmolen". It is a post mill with a single storey octagonal roundhouse. The roof of the mill is covered in dakleer. The mill is winded by tailpole and winch. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 22.50 metres (73 ft 10 in). The sails are carried on a cast iron windshaft, which was cast by Alsmulder of Utrecht.[2] The windshaft also carries the wooden brake wheel which has teeth on the front and rear faces. The front face of the brake wheel has 65 teeth. It drives a pair of 1.60 metres (5 ft 3 in) diameter Cullen millstones via a lantern pinion stone nut which has 12 staves. The rear face of the brake wheel has 59 teeth. It drives a pair of 1.50 metres (4 ft 11 in) French Burr millstones via a lantern pinion stone nut which has 11 staves. With this arrangement, the millstones are driven in opposite directions.[2]

Benninkmolen is what the Dutch call a "Stellingmolen". It is a two storey smock mill on a single store base. There is a stage, which is 3.020 metres (9 ft 10.9 in) above ground level. The smock and cap are covered in shingles. Winding is by tailpole and winch. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 23.10 metres (75 ft 9 in). They are carried on a cast iron windshaft. The windshaft also carries the brake wheel, which has 51 cogs. This drives a wallower with 28 cogs, which is situated at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft is the great spur wheel, which has 80 cogs. This drives two pairs of 1.40 metres (4 ft 7 in) diameter French Burr millstones via lantern pinion stone nuts with 24 staves each.[2]

MillersEdit

References for above:-

Public accessEdit

Benninkmolen is open on Tuesday and Saturday from 09:00 to 12:00 and Friday from 11:00 to 16:00.[2] It is also open at other times if a banner is flying, or by appointment.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Velsmolen, Doetinchem" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 5 December 2014. (click on internal link to access webpage) Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "First" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Doetinchem, Gelderland" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Holtkampsemolen (2e), Doetinchem" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  4. ^ "De Vlinder te Deil, Over de Molen" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 7 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Technishce Gegevens" (in Dutch). Iamedia.nl. Retrieved 23 November 2013.
  6. ^ "BENNINKMOLEN" (in Dutch). Stichting Doetichemse Molens. Retrieved 5 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Aurora te Doetinchem-Dichteren, Contact" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 15 November 2014.

External linksEdit

Category:Windmills in Gelderland Category:Windmills completed in 1921 Category:Tower mills in the Netherlands Category:Grinding mills in the Netherlands Category:Agricultural buildings in the Netherlands Category:Rijksmonuments in Gelderland Category:Octagonal buildings

Drainage millEdit

Arnhem post mill
 
The mill in July 2006.
Origin
Mill locationSchelmseweg 89, 6816 SJ, Arnhem
52°00′37″N 5°54′33″E / 52.01028°N 5.90917°E / 52.01028; 5.90917
Operator(s)Netherlands Open Air Museum
Year built1989
Information
PurposeDrainage mill
TypeHollow post mill
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsCommon sails
WindshaftWood
WindingTail vane
Type of pumpcentrifugal pump

A hollow post mill at the Netherlands Open Air Museum, Arnhem, Gelderland, Netherlands was originally built at Wormer, North Holland, Netherlands. During WWI, it was moved to Langweer, Friesland. It was dismantled in 1960 and re-erected at the museum in 1989. The mill has been restored to working order.

HistoryEdit

The mill was originally built at Wormer, North Holland, Netherlands. During WWI, it was moved to Langweer, Friesland. It was dismantled in 1960 and re-erected at the Netherlands Open Air Museum, Arnhem, Gelderland in 1989. The mill was severely damaged in a snowstorm in 2000. It was restored in 2003.[1]

  • ƒ4,130.38. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument, №39517.

.[2] .[3]

DescriptionEdit

The mill is what the Dutch describe as a Weidemolen (English: Meadow mill). It is a small hollow post mill on a roundhouse. The mill is winded by tail vane. The buck and roundhouse are covered in boards. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 3.85 metres (12 ft 8 in). The sails are carried on a wooden windshaft. The windshaft carries the brake wheel which has 21 cogs. This drives the wallower (9 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft.[1] At the bottom of the upright shaft a centrifugal pump is driven.[3].

OperatorsEdit

References for above:-

Public accessEdit

The mill can be viewed externally during museum opening hours.[1]

.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Arnhem, Gelderland" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Noordlaarder Oostpolder (2e), Noordlaren". Molendatabase. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b "De Gooyer /vh. De Wâlden te Wolvega, Over de Molen" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 2 October 2014. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Over" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Nylânnermole te Workum, Contact" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 3 October 2014.

External linksEdit


Category:Windmills in Gelderland Category:Windmills completed in 1946 Category:Post mills in the Netherlands Category:Windpumps in the Netherlands Category:Agricultural buildings in the Netherlands Category:Buildings and structures in Arnhem