PART One, DatabasesEdit

This page gives a list of selected databases and search engines widely used in academic study or research at the college and professional level, For specific linformation about these systems, use the link for each; for general information, see the article, Academic databases and Search engines
List of academic databases and search engines




Full TextEdit



General & UniversalEdit






PART Two, LibrarianshipEdit

Library science or library and information science (abbreviated LIS) is the study of issues related to libraries and the information fields. The comibnation phrase, typically refer primarily to library science. This includes academic studies regarding how library resources are used and how people interact with library systems. These studies tend to be specific to certain libraries at certain times. The organization of knowledge for efficient retrieval of relevant information is also a major research goal of LIS. Basic topics in LIS include the acquisition, cataloging, classification, and preservation of library materials. In a more present-day view, a fervent outgrowth of LIS is information architecture. LIS should not be confused with information theory, the mathematical study of the concept of information, or information science, a field related to computer science and cognitive science.

Programs in LIS are interdisciplinary, the subjects taught overlap with the fields of computer science, various social sciences, statistics, and management.

Difference between Library Science and LibrarianshipEdit

Library Science is sometimes considered distinct from librarianship. One proposed distinction is Theory vs. practice: aimilar to the difference between medicine and doctoring. In this schemne, the distinction made is that librarianship, the application of library science, comprises the practical services rendered by librarians in their day-to-day attempts to meet the needs of library patrons. An alternative scheme is to conside library science both the principles and the practice of the subject, while librarianship is librarianship {ref book Rubin}} a specialized term for the career aspects concerning the individual librarian, for training, status, and professional develepment itself.

There are those who do not see this distinction, and consider the words synonyms, with librarianship used when the longer phrase would seem clumsy. Key advanced textbooks and references books use the words indifferently, such as {{c Busha's Research Methods in Librarianship}}, such as the classic Busha's Research Methods in Librarianship. In this view, the theory and practice of library work have been integrated from the start: Melville Dewey and Charles C. Cutter were pioneers in both.

Many practicing librarians do not contribute to LIS scholarship but focus on daily operations of their own library systems. Other practicing librarians, particularly in academic libraries, do perform original scholarly LIS research and contribute to the academic end of the field.

Essentially all professional library jobs require an academic LIS degree as certification. In the United States, the certification usually comes from a Master's degree granted by an ALA-accredited institution; the educational program is basically the same for all segments of the professsion. In the United Kingdom, however, there have been moves to broaden the entry requirements to professional library posts, such that qualifications in, or experience of, a number of other disciplines have become more acceptable.{fact} For details, see Education for librarianship.


Repository (academic publishing)Edit

add the links:

[[Open Access [[self-archiving

Subject RepositoryEdit

A subject repository is a real or virtual facility for the deposit of academic publications, such as journal articles. in a particular subject. is called a subject repository; they can be organized by a government, a government department, or by a research institution, or be autonomous.The two best known are arXiv, for mathematics and physics articles or reports, and PubMed Central for biomedical journal articles.

Deposit of material in such a site may be mandatory fpor a certain group, such as a particular university's doctoral graduates in a thesis repository, or published papers from those holding grants from a particular government agency in a subject repository, or , sometimes, in their own institutional repository. Or it may be voluntary, as usually the case for technical reports at a university.

list of Subject repositoriesEdit


Open access journals are scholarly journals that are available to the user "without financial or other barrier other than access to the internet itself." Some are subsidized, and some require payment on behalf of the author. The subsidized ones are financed by an academic institution or a government information center; those requiring payment are typically financed by money made available to researchers for the purpose from a public or private funding agency, as part of a research grant.


The primary advantage of open access journals is that the entire content is available to users everywhere regardless of affiliation with a subscribing library. This provides the general benefits of open access, which will benefit:

  • authors of such articles, who will see their papers more read, more cited, and better integrated into the structure of science
  • academic readers in general at institutions that cannot afford the journal, or where the journal is out of scope
  • researchers at smaller institutions, where their library cannot afford the journal
  • readers in general, who may be interested in the subject matter
  • the general public, who will have the opportunity to see what scientific reseach is about
  • taxpayers who will see the results of the research they pay for
  • patients and those caring for them, who will be able to keep abrest of medical research

types for articlesEdit

  • subsidized open access journals===
  • paid-on-behalf-of-the-author open access journals

Many journals have been subsidized ever since the beginnings of scientific journals. It is common for those countries with developing higher educational and research facilities to subsidze the publication of the nation's scientific and academic researchers, and even to provide for others to publish in such journals, to build up the prestige of these journals and their visibility. Such subsidies have sometimes been partial, to reduce the subscription price, or total, for those readers in the respective countries, but are now often universal.

Electronic articleEdit

from article: electronic article Electronic articles are articles in scholarly journals or magazines that can be accessed via electronic transmission. The are a specialized form of electronic document, with a specialized content, purpose, format, metadata, and availability–they consist of individual articles from scholarly journals or magazines (and now sometimes popular magazines), they have the purpose of providing material for academic research and study, they are formatted approximately like printed journal articles, the metadata is entered into specialized databases, such as DOAJ or OACI as well as the databases for the discipline, and they are predominantly available through academic libraries and special libraries, generally at a fixed charge.

Electronic articles can be found as articles in online-only journals, as online versions of articles that appeared in printed journals, The term can also be used for the electronic versions of less formal publications, such as online archives, working paper archives from universities, government agencies, private and public think tanks and institutes and private websites. In many academic areas, specialized Bibliographic databasess are available to find their online content. ,

Most commercial sites are subscription-based, or allow pay-per-view access. Many universities subscribe to electronic journals to provide access to their students and faculty, and it is generally also possible for individuals to subscribe. An increasing number of journals are now available with open access, requiring no subscription. Most working paper archives and articles on personal homepages are free, as are collections in Institutional repositories and Subject repositories.

The most common formats of transmission are HTML, PDF and, in specialized fields like mathematics and physics, TeX and Postscript.


See also:Edit

External LinksEdit

  • For a general discussion and list of electronic article services see Just in time (sm) "a new clearinghouse

devoted to Electronic Article Delivery Services" at Iowa State University

  • For a representative page of library instructions for finding electronic articles, see [2]
  • Among the services providing electronic articles to the general public from a variety of publishers&emdash;some general academic publishers, and some specialized scientific publishers&emdash;are,
  1. Articles in Physics®, "articles published by several physics-related societies"
  2. HighWire Press, the "Internet Imprint of Stanford University Libraries."
  • Among the services providing electronic articles to the general public from a particular journal or publisher, in science, social science, or other academic fields, are:
  1. Harvard Business Review
  2. Blackwell Science and Munksgaard publishers
  3. Elsevier
  • Representative services for users at a particular university include:
  1. for [Leeds University]. ]
  2. for University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Category:Scientific journals [[Category:Publishing


  • Redirect:

SPARC - Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Corporation

The given reason is: R1 and R3 -- page it points to no longer exists, and if it comes back, it should be "Coalition" not "Corporation"

REDIRECT Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Corporation (cur) (last) 14:48, April 27, 2007 NapoliRoma (Talk | contribs) (190 bytes) (speedy req -- nonexistent and incorrect page name) (cur) (last) 22:27, April 26, 2007 Quuxplusone (Talk | contribs) (69 bytes) (moved SPARC - Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Corporation to Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Corporation)


Notability of scientists vs their scienceEdit


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