Urząd Ochrony Państwa
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Urząd Ochrony Państwa (Polish pronunciation: [ˈuʐɔnt ɔˈxrɔnɨ ˈpaɲstfa]; Office for State Protection) or UOP was the intelligence agency of Poland from 1990 to 2002, when it was split into two new agencies.
|Urząd Ochrony Państwa|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Interior|
The UOP was founded on April 6, 1990, as a department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Krzysztof Kozłowski served as the UOP's first chief from 1990 to 1992. In 1996 UOP was transformed into a separate government agency under the supervision of the Prime Minister. It was responsible for intelligence, counter-intelligence and government electronic security, including telephone wiretaps.
Reasons for formationEdit
The UOP replaced the communist-era Służba Bezpieczeństwa (SB), I Departament People's Republic of Poland Ministry of Internal Affairs – intelligence, II Departament People's Republic of Poland Ministry of Internal Affairs – counter-intelligence, whose responsibilities had additionally included the suppression of opposition to the government prior to 1989.
In June 2002, the agency was split into two separate entities – Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego (Internal Security Agency), which deals with internal security of the country, and Agencja Wywiadu (Intelligence Agency), which deals with foreign intelligence.
- Krzysztof Kozłowski (1990 – 1990)
- Andrzej Milczanowski (1990 – 1992)
- Piotr Naimski (1992)
- Andrzej Milczanowski (1992)
- Jerzy Konieczny (1992 – 1993)
- Gromosław Czempiński (1993 – 1996)
- Andrzej Kapkowski, p.o. szefa UOP (1996 – 1996)
- Andrzej Kapkowski (1996 – 1997)
- Jerzy Nóżka, p.o. szefa UOP (1997 – 1998)
- Zbigniew Nowek (1998 – 2001)
- Zbigniew Siemiątkowski, p.o. szefa UOP (2001 – 2002)
- Andrzej Barcikowski (2002)
- "Krzysztof Kozłowski nie żyje. Rozwiązał służbę bezpieczeństwa, milicję zmienił w policję". Gazeta Wyborcza. 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2013-04-01.
- Agencja Bezpieczeństwa Wewnętrznego homepage