Sargodha

  (Redirected from Urdu Bazaar (Sargodha))

Sargodha (Punjabi and Urdu: سرگودھا‎) is the 11th largest city in Pakistan.[5] It is also an administrative centre of Sargodha Division located in the Punjab province, Pakistan and one of the fastest growing cities in Pakistan.[6] Sargodha is also known as City of Eagles.[7]

Sargodha


سرگودھا
Mainentry Sargodha public school.jpg
UoS.jpg
Central Library of University of Sargodha.jpg
Shaheen Enclave Sargodha.jpg
Sargodha is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in Pakistan
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in Asia
Sargodha
Sargodha
Sargodha is located in Earth
Sargodha
Sargodha
Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111Coordinates: 32°5′1″N 72°40′16″E / 32.08361°N 72.67111°E / 32.08361; 72.67111
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
Division[1]Sargodha
DistrictSargodha
Government
 • CommissionerCaptain Muhammad Asif
Area
 • Total5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[2]
 • Total1,500,000[2]
 • Rank12th (Pakistan)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal code
40100[3]
Dialling code048[4]
Number of towns59
Number of union councils22
Websitewww.sargodha.gop.pk; cbs.gov.pk; www.tmasargodha.com

History

 
19th century House in Sargodha
 
Mausoleum of Shah Shams Sherazi

Sargodha was established by the British as a canal-colony in 1903, and was initially spelt Sargoda.[8] Sargodha was badly affected by an outbreak of the plague in 1903, and experienced a milder outbreak in 1904.[9] Although it was a small town in the beginning, the British Royal Air Force built an airport here due to its strategic location.[10]

Geography

Location

Sargodha is located 172 kilometres (107 mi) northwest of Lahore, in Sargodha District. It lies about 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the M-2 motorway, which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is connected to the M-2 by several interchanges at different locations. Sargodha is roughly 94 km (58 mi) from Faisalabad, due southeast. Directly east connected by the M-2 motorway are Lahore and the route to Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Due east is the city of Jhang; toward the west are the city of Mianwali and the Chashma Barrage. Dera Ismail Khan is located 232 km (144 mi) southwest from the city.

Topography

Sargodha mainly comprises flat, fertile plains, although here are a few small hills on the Sargodha-Faisalabad Road. The River Jhelum flows on the western and northern sides, and the River Chenab lies on the eastern side of the city.[11] The city is located 190 metres above sea level.[12]

Climate

The city has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.

Climate data for Sargodha (1960–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
26
(79)
32
(90)
38
(100)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
36
(97)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22
(72)
30.6
(87.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
11
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
14
(57)
9
(48)
18.8
(65.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
36
(1.4)
24
(0.9)
13
(0.5)
17
(0.7)
48
(1.9)
82
(3.2)
87
(3.4)
43
(1.7)
9
(0.4)
11
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
400
(15.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 4 5 4 3 3 7 7 4 1 1 1 45
Source: Weather2,[13]

Demographics

Total population of the city was 458,440[14] according to the 1998 census. The majority of the people in the city speak Punjabi.[10] According to the census of 2017, the population of City was recorded 659,862[15] with the rise of 43.94% while the population of metropolitan area (City District) reached 3.9 million out of which 1 million forms the urban population.[16]

Administration

Sargodha is the capital of Sargodha Tehsil. As of October 2012, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored and Sargodha became the divisional headquarters of districts Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. The city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 union councils.[17]

Education

 
Main Gate to University of Sargodha
 
PAF Public School

Colleges and Universities

Schools

 
PAF Public School, Sargodha

Transportation

Road

 
University Road, Sargodha
 
Khayyam Chowk Flyover

Sargodha lies about 30 miles (48 km) from the M-2 motorway which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is also connected to Faisalabad by a highway. Daewoo Bus Service drives regular routes from Sargodha to the rest of the country.[20]

 
Motorway M2 entering district Sargodha
 
Motorway M2 exit to Sargodha

Rail

Sargodha is also connected by the rest of the country through the rail.[21] Sargodha Junction railway station is located on Shorkot-Lala Musa branch railway line.

Air Base

Pakistan's largest airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School.[22]

Recreation

 
Company Bagh, Sargodha

Points of Interest

Kirana Hills

The Kirana Hills is a small and extensive rocky mountain range located in Sargodha.[23][24][25][26] It is also a place of tourist attraction in Sargodha City. Locally known as "Black Mountains"[27] due to its brownish landscape, its highest peak is about 980 feet (300 m).[28]

Jinnah Hall

Jinnah Hall is a historical landmark and point of interest in Sargodha.[29] Jinnah Hall was built in 1972. It was named for the Founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Jinnah Hall was built originally as a town hall and library in Company Bagh, Sargodha but now currently used as an exhibition hall, event space, and library.

 
Jinnah Hall, Sargodha

Sports

 
Galaxy Sports Complex, Sargodha

Sargodha is home to the Sargodha Cricket Stadium.[30] Sargodha cricket team were a first-class cricket team that represented Sargodha Division in Punjab Province in Pakistan. They competed in Pakistan's first-class tournaments between 1961–62 and 2002-03. Mela Mandi Ground is a multi-use historic stadium in Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan. It is currently used mostly for cricket and football.[31] The Mela Mandi Ground was constructed to provide a vast ground for outdoor sports and activities. During March every year which is the country's spring season, several competitions are held here. Almost all Pakistani people join these annual games.[32]

 
Annual Tent Pegging Competition held in Mela Mandi Ground

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Sargodha Division". getamap.net.
  2. ^ a b http://www.urbanunit.gov.pk/PublicationDocs/Punjab%20city%20profiles/Sargodha%20City%20Profile.pdf
  3. ^ "Pakistan Post Office Department". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 20 December 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  4. ^ "National Dialing Codes". Ptcl.com.pk. Archived from the original on 9 November 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Pakistan: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". Citypopulation.de.
  6. ^ "Commercial Real Estate Property in Sargodha Pakistan - Ghar47". Ghar47. Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  7. ^ http://visitpak.com/useful-info-about-sargodha-pakistan-the-city-of-eagles/
  8. ^ Masud, Tariq (1989). Pakistan: a historical and cultural panorama. Al-Waqar Publishers. ISBN 9789698054021.
  9. ^ Cell, John W.; Cell, John Whitson (22 August 2002). Hailey: A Study in British Imperialism, 1872-1969. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521521178.
  10. ^ a b "District Website". Lhc.gov.pk.
  11. ^ "District at Glance". sargodha.gop.pk. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015.
  12. ^ "Where is Sargodha, Pakistan?". WorldAtlas.com. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Weather2 – Sargodha". Retrieved 8 July 2012.
  14. ^ "Population size and growth of major cities" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 1998.
  15. ^ "Pakistan: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de.
  16. ^ "District Wise Census Results Census 2017" (PDF).
  17. ^ "Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha - Government of Pakistan". Nrb.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2012.
  18. ^ "DPS & C, Sargodha". Facebook.com.
  19. ^ "Divisional Public School and College Sargodha". Dpsc.edu.pk.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Pakistan Railway Time Table". railpk.com.
  22. ^ "About Sargodha". glowpakistan.com.
  23. ^ (Mahajan 2009, pp. 100–110)
  24. ^ (Ali 2002, pp. 25–26)
  25. ^ (Smith 2007, pp. 92–93)
  26. ^ Wikimaps. "Kirana Hills". Wikimapia.org. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  27. ^ DoE&ES, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences (2012). "Special report: Field report on Kirana Hills" (.net). Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan: Bahria University Press. p. 33. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  28. ^ (DoE&ES 2012, pp. 4–5)
  29. ^ "Google Maps". Google.com. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  30. ^ "Sports Stadium - Pakistan - Cricket Grounds - ESPN Cricinfo". Cricinfo.
  31. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps.
  32. ^ "Cheap flights to Sargodha". Flighthub.com.