Sargodha (Punjabi and Urdu: سرگودھا) is the 11th largest city in Pakistan. It is also an administrative centre of Sargodha Division located in the Punjab province, Pakistan and one of the fastest growing cities in Pakistan. Sargodha is also known as City of Eagles.
|• Commissioner||Captain Muhammad Asif|
|• Total||5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)|
|• Rank||12th (Pakistan)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of towns||59|
|Number of union councils||22|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Administration
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Air Base
- 8 Recreation
- 9 Notable people
- 10 References
Sargodha was established by the British as a canal-colony in 1903, and was initially spelt Sargoda. Sargodha was badly affected by an outbreak of the plague in 1903, and experienced a milder outbreak in 1904. Although it was a small town in the beginning, the British Royal Air Force built an airport here due to its strategic location.
Sargodha is located 172 kilometres (107 mi) northwest of Lahore, in Sargodha District. It lies about 48 kilometres (30 mi) from the M-2 motorway, which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is connected to the M-2 by several interchanges at different locations. Sargodha is roughly 94 km (58 mi) from Faisalabad, due southeast. Directly east connected by the M-2 motorway are Lahore and the route to Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Due east is the city of Jhang; toward the west are the city of Mianwali and the Chashma Barrage. Dera Ismail Khan is located 232 km (144 mi) southwest from the city.
Sargodha mainly comprises flat, fertile plains, although here are a few small hills on the Sargodha-Faisalabad Road. The River Jhelum flows on the western and northern sides, and the River Chenab lies on the eastern side of the city. The city is located 190 metres above sea level.
The city has a climate of extreme heat in the summers and moderate cold in the winters. The maximum temperature reaches 50 °C (122 °F) in the summer while the minimum temperature recorded is as low as freezing point in the winter.
|Climate data for Sargodha (1960–2012)|
|Average high °C (°F)||20
|Average low °C (°F)||8
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||5||4||5||4||3||3||7||7||4||1||1||1||45|
Total population of the city was 458,440 according to the 1998 census. The majority of the people in the city speak Punjabi. According to the census of 2017, the population of City was recorded 659,862 with the rise of 43.94% while the population of metropolitan area (City District) reached 3.9 million out of which 1 million forms the urban population.
Sargodha is the capital of Sargodha Tehsil. As of October 2012, the division system in Punjab Province has been restored and Sargodha became the divisional headquarters of districts Sargodha, Khushab, Mianwali and Bhakkar. The city of Sargodha is administratively subdivided into 22 union councils.
Colleges and Universities
- University of Sargodha
- University College of Agriculture
- University of Lahore, Sargodha Campus
- University of Central Punjab, Sargodha Campus
- Sargodha Medical College
- Airbase Inter College (ABICS)
- Army Public College, Sargodha
- Cornelius Law College
- Logix College
- Quaid-e-Azam Law College
- Sargodha Institute of Health Sciences
- Sargodha Institute of Technology
- The Superior College, Sargodha Campus
- Reader College
- Acme College of Excellence
- Punjab College of Science, Sargodha Campus
- Divisional Public College 
- Beaconhouse School System
- Dar-e-Arqam Schools
- PAF Public School
- Presentation Convent High School
- Army Public School, Sargodha
- Lasani Grammar High School
- Government Junior Model Secondary School
- Air Base Inter School (ABICS)
- Progressive Public School, Sargodha
- Sanai School System
- Divisional Public School, Sargodha
- The Right School (Shaheen Campus) Sargodha
Sargodha lies about 30 miles (48 km) from the M-2 motorway which connects Lahore and Islamabad. It is also connected to Faisalabad by a highway. Daewoo Bus Service drives regular routes from Sargodha to the rest of the country.
Pakistan's largest airbase, PAF Base Mushaf (formerly PAF Base Sargodha), is situated in Sargodha and hosts the headquarters of the Pakistan Air Force's Central Air Command. The airbase is also home to the Combat Commanders School (CCS), formerly the Fighter Leader's School.
Points of Interest
The Kirana Hills is a small and extensive rocky mountain range located in Sargodha. It is also a place of tourist attraction in Sargodha City. Locally known as "Black Mountains" due to its brownish landscape, its highest peak is about 980 feet (300 m).
Jinnah Hall is a historical landmark and point of interest in Sargodha. Jinnah Hall was built in 1972. It was named for the Founder of Pakistan, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Jinnah Hall was built originally as a town hall and library in Company Bagh, Sargodha but now currently used as an exhibition hall, event space, and library.
Sargodha is home to the Sargodha Cricket Stadium. Sargodha cricket team were a first-class cricket team that represented Sargodha Division in Punjab Province in Pakistan. They competed in Pakistan's first-class tournaments between 1961–62 and 2002-03. Mela Mandi Ground is a multi-use historic stadium in Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan. It is currently used mostly for cricket and football. The Mela Mandi Ground was constructed to provide a vast ground for outdoor sports and activities. During March every year which is the country's spring season, several competitions are held here. Almost all Pakistani people join these annual games.
- Ali Haider Noor Khan Niazi, politician
- Feroz Khan Noon, former Prime Minister Pakistan
- Anwer Ali Noon, former Parliamentarian of Pakistan and army Officer
- Amjad Ali Noon, former Ambassador/High Commissioner of Pakistan
- Imtiaz Bhatti, former Ambassador / High Commissioner of Pakistan
- Wazir Agha, Urdu Scholar
- Hameed Gul, former ISI Chief
- Ch. Anwar Ali Cheema, politician, PML-Q
- Ch.Ghias Mela, politician, PML-Q
- Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, Amir Jama'at-ud-Da'wah
- Mohammad Hafeez, cricketer
- Aizaz Cheema, cricketer
- Rafiq Anjum, actor
- Farhat Hashmi, Islamic Scholar
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