Uqair Protocol of 1922

Percy Cox

The Uqair Protocol or Uqair Convention[1] was an agreement at Uqair on 2 December 1922 which defined the boundaries between Iraq and the Sultanate of Nejd (modern Saudi Arabia) and between Kuwait and Nejd. It was imposed[2] by Percy Cox, the British High Commissioner to Iraq, in response to Bedouin raiders from Nejd under ibn Saud. Cox met ibn Saud and Major John More, the British Political Agent to Kuwait. The boundaries included a Saudi–Iraqi neutral zone and a Saudi–Kuwaiti neutral zone.

Kuwait was not permitted any role in outcome of the Uqair agreement when the Saudis and British decided Kuwait's modern boundaries. Kuwait lost more than two thirds of its territory as a result of the agreement[3] and anti-British sentiment grew in Kuwait due to the loss of territory.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Map of boundaries determined by Uqair Protocol
  2. ^ Imposition of Uqair Protocol
  3. ^ Mary Ann Tétreault (1995). The Kuwait Petroleum Corporation and the Economics of the New World Order. pp. 2–3.
  • Lauterpacht, E.; Greenwood, C. J.; Weller, Marc (1991-06-01). "1.6 The determination of boundaries between Iraq, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia (Najd)". The Kuwait Crisis: Basic Documents. Cambridge University Press. pp. 45–49. ISBN 978-0-521-46308-9.

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