Upper Svratka Highlands

The Upper Svratka Highlands (Czech: Hornosvratecká vrchovina, German: Hohe Schwarza Bergeland) is a mountain range in Moravia, Czech Republic. The Highlands, together with the Křižanov Highlands threshold, form the Western-Moravian part of Moldanubian Zone - east south part of Bohemian Massif.[1]

Upper Svratka Highlands
Přehradní jezero Vír střed.jpg
Look over Lake Vir
Highest point
PeakDevět skal
Elevation836 m n.m.
Dimensions
Length62 km (39 mi)
Area1,135 km2 (438 sq mi)
Geography
Upper Svratka Highlands is located in Czech Republic
Upper Svratka Highlands
Hornosvratecká vrchovina CZ I2C-4.png
CountryCzech Republic
RegionMoravia
Range coordinates49°20′46″N 16°10′59″E / 49.346°N 16.183°E / 49.346; 16.183Coordinates: 49°20′46″N 16°10′59″E / 49.346°N 16.183°E / 49.346; 16.183
Parent rangeBohemian Massif
Geology
OrogenyVariscan
Age of rockPaleozoic, Mesozoic
Type of rockGranite. Quartz slate
Map of geological system of Moravia

GeographyEdit

The Upper Svratka Highlands rise to the north of the Tišnov, Moravia between Lomnice u Tišnova, and the Svratka in the north. The Highlands have an area of 1,135 square kilometres (438 sq mi) and an average height of 580 metres (1,900 ft). The highest peak is Devět skal at 836 metres (2,743 ft); other peaks are Žákova hora 810 metres (2,660 ft) Pohledecká skála 800 metres (2,600 ft), Horní les 774 metres (2,539 ft), Harusův kopec 741 metres (2,431 ft), Přední skála 712 metres (2,336 ft), or Sýkoř 702 metres (2,303 ft).

The northwestern part is formed by Žďárské vrchy mountain range. To the southeast is the Boskovická brázda in mid Moravia part of Brno Highlands as well and in the east Svitavy Hills. The Svratka river stream naturally established Bohemian-Moravian border, the other part of Elbe-Danube main European watershed The mountain range is 63% forested, though mainly by plantations - spruces, maples, beeches, elmeses. The forests are in well condition.

The primary composition of the range is cretaceous granite, migmatite, orthogneiss, amphibole, granodiorite, gabbro and quartz slate. Often gneis. Soil horizon - mainly cambisol.[2]

The rivers Svratka, Bystřice [cs], Loučka [cs], Nedvědička [cs] among others, originate here.

PopulationEdit

The area is relatively sparsely populated (in terms of the Czech Republic). The largest towns in the Upper Svratka Highlands are Nové Město na Moravě (partly), Bystřice nad Pernštejnem, Kunštát, Olešnice and Bystré.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Geografický místopisný slovník, Academia, Praha, 1993. ISBN 80-200-0445-9