Uppātasanti Pagoda (
|Founder||State Peace and Development Council|
ဥပ္ပါတသန္တိစေတီတော်, pronounced [ʔoʊʔpàta̰ θàɴdḭ zèdìdɔ̀]; officially called
ဥပ္ပါတသန္တိစေတီတော်မြတ်ကြီး, also called the "Peace Pagoda") is a prominent landmark in Naypyidaw, the new capital of Myanmar. The pagoda houses a Buddha tooth relic from China. It is nearly a same-sized replica of Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon and stands 99 metres (325 ft) tall.
Construction of Uppatasanti Pagoda began on 12 November 2006, with the stake-driving ceremony, and completed in March 2009, built under the guidance of Than Shwe, head of Burma's ruling State Peace and Development Council. The invitation card for the stake-driving ceremony opened with a phrase "Rajahtani Naypyidaw" (the royal capital where the president resides). The pagoda is 30 cm shorter than the Shwedagon Pagoda.
"Uppātasanti" roughly translates to "protection against calamity". It is the name of a sūtra prepared by a monk in the early 16th century. It is to be recited in time of crisis, especially in the face of foreign invasion.
The massive base of the Pagoda which may be mistaken for a large hill is completely man-made.
The pagoda precinct also comprises:
- Maha Hsutaungpyae Buddha Image in Maha Pasadabhumi Gandhakuti Chamber
- Four jade Buddha images in the pagoda's hollow cave
- 108 feet high flagstaff
- Bo tree Garden with Maha Bo Tree and the images of the 28 Buddhas
- Garden of 108 Bo Trees
- Marlini Mangala Lake with the chamber of Shin Uppagutta
- Withongama Ordination Hall (thein)
- Cetiyapala Chamber
- Sangha Yama hostels
- Sasana Maha Beikmandaw Building
- Pagoda museum
- Pitakat Building and Religious Archive
According to The Irrawaddy, 20 people died during a ferris wheel accident at a festival marking the pagoda's consecration in March 2009. The consecration of the pagoda, which involves the hoisting of the htidaw (sacred umbrella, ထီးတော် [tʰí dɔ̀]) and the seinbudaw (diamond lotus bud, စိန်ဖူးတော် [sèɪɴ bú dɔ̀]), took place on 10 March 2009.
Closeup of the pagoda's hti
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Uppatasanti Pagoda.|
- "Than Shwe's New Pagoda Hides More than a Buddha Relic". The Irrawaddy. March 10, 2009. Archived from the original on August 11, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "Signs of rapid development in Nay Pyi Taw". MRTV-3.
- Steinberg, David (2009). Burma/Myanmar: What Everyone Needs to Know. Oxford University Press. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-19-539068-1.
- "Naypyidaw's Version of Shwedagon Pagoda Nears Completion". The Irrawaddy. March 6, 2009. Archived from the original on August 11, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- Weekly Eleven News Journal. 1 (No. 44): 9. 16 August 2006. Missing or empty
- "20 Reported Dead in Naypyidaw Funfair Disaster". March 10, 2009.