Unnan (雲南市, Unnan-shi) is a city located in Shimane Prefecture, Japan. The city belonged to Ohara District, which dissolved in 2004 after Unnan was established.

Unnan
雲南市
Unnan city hall
Unnan city hall
Flag of Unnan
Official logo of Unnan
Location of Unnan in Shimane Prefecture
Location of Unnan in Shimane Prefecture
Unnan is located in Japan
Unnan
Unnan
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 35°17′N 132°54′E / 35.283°N 132.900°E / 35.283; 132.900Coordinates: 35°17′N 132°54′E / 35.283°N 132.900°E / 35.283; 132.900
CountryJapan
RegionChūgoku (San'in)
PrefectureShimane Prefecture
DistrictOhara District (Dissolved in 2004)
First official recorded1st century BC (official)[citation needed]
Kisuki town settledApril 1, 1891
Kamo town settledMay 1, 1934
Both town merged and city settledNovember 1, 2004
Government
 • MayorAtsushi Ishitobi (from January 2021)
Area
 • Total553.4 km2 (213.7 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2017)
 • Total38,281
 • Density69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.unnan.shimane.jp

The modern city of Unnan was established on November 1, 2004, from the merger of the towns of Daitō, Kamo, and Kisuki (all from Ōhara District), the towns of Mitoya and Kakeya, and the village of Yoshida (all from Iishi District).

The city of Unnan has 6 wards which used to be the town's of Daitō, Kamo, Kisuki, Mitoya and Kakeya, and the village of Yoshida

As of March 1, 2017, the city had an estimated population of 38,281, and population density of 69 persons per km2. The total area is 553.4 km2 (213.7 sq mi).

Tourist attractions in or near Unnan include Lake Shinji, Ushio Hot Springs, Matsue Shinji Furusato Forest Park, Ohara Dam, Okuizumoyumura Hot Springs, Okuizumotane Natural Museum, Hikawabijin Hot Spring, Akagawahotaru Park, Suga Shrine, Shimaneken Akashimidorigaoka Park, Kisuki Health Forest, Sajiroonsen Choja Hot Spring, Ancient Iron Kayokan, Historical Museum of Iron.

Neighbouring cities includes Izumo, Matsue (capital) and Oda, The closest airport to Unnan is Izumo Airport which serves the city of Izumo and the capital city of Matsue.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Unnan has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with very warm summers and cool winters. Precipitation is abundant throughout the year. The average annual temperature in Unnan is 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,952.6 mm (76.87 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.3 °C (77.5 °F), and lowest in February, at around 2.4 °C (36.3 °F).[1] The highest temperature ever recorded in Unnan was 37.2 °C (99.0 °F) on 6 August 2021; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −9.7 °C (14.5 °F) on 26 February 1981.[2]

Climate data for Kakeya, Unnan (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1978−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
22.2
(72.0)
25.0
(77.0)
31.0
(87.8)
33.1
(91.6)
34.9
(94.8)
37.1
(98.8)
37.2
(99.0)
35.6
(96.1)
31.6
(88.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.3
(70.3)
37.2
(99.0)
Average high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.6
(45.7)
11.9
(53.4)
18.2
(64.8)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
29.6
(85.3)
30.8
(87.4)
26.1
(79.0)
20.7
(69.3)
15.2
(59.4)
9.1
(48.4)
18.7
(65.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
3.0
(37.4)
6.3
(43.3)
11.8
(53.2)
16.9
(62.4)
20.6
(69.1)
24.7
(76.5)
25.3
(77.5)
20.8
(69.4)
14.9
(58.8)
9.7
(49.5)
4.8
(40.6)
13.4
(56.2)
Average low °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
1.1
(34.0)
5.5
(41.9)
10.7
(51.3)
15.7
(60.3)
20.8
(69.4)
21.1
(70.0)
16.6
(61.9)
10.1
(50.2)
5.0
(41.0)
1.1
(34.0)
8.8
(47.9)
Record low °C (°F) −8.0
(17.6)
−9.7
(14.5)
−6.4
(20.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.9
(40.8)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
4.0
(39.2)
0.6
(33.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−9.7
(14.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 167.0
(6.57)
139.2
(5.48)
155.6
(6.13)
123.2
(4.85)
126.9
(5.00)
186.5
(7.34)
236.0
(9.29)
157.0
(6.18)
234.8
(9.24)
131.2
(5.17)
124.6
(4.91)
170.8
(6.72)
1,952.6
(76.87)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 19.2 15.9 15.1 11.4 9.9 11.9 12.9 11.2 12.0 10.5 12.6 18.5 161.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.0 79.5 136.8 185.0 210.6 153.1 165.9 189.9 137.5 144.7 109.0 65.9 1,635.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[2][1]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Unnan in 2020 is 36,007 people.[3]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1995 48,248—    
2000 46,323−4.0%
2005 44,403−4.1%
2010 41,917−5.6%
2015 39,032−6.9%
2020 36,007−7.8%
Unnan population statistics[3]

Kamo Iwakura RuinEdit

 
A many dōtaku (bronze bell) display in Kamo Iwakura Ruin

According to Unnan City Education Board official document report, a large number of relics suddenly found, during the construction and surveying inspection in October 1996, as resulting to 39 piece of Japanese bronze bell and dōtaku plant on Yayoi period (1st century BC), research by then Kamo Town Education Board official on 1997.[4]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Unnan is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  2. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Unnan population statistics
  4. ^ ja:加茂岩倉遺跡 (Japanese language edition) Retrieved date on May 31, 2022

External linksEdit