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Unmanned systems of the British Army

Unmanned systems of the British Army is a list of all modern and in service remote and unmanned surveillance, reconnaissance, bomb disposal and combat systems of the British Army.

Unmanned vehiclesEdit

Black Hornet NanoEdit

 
A Black Hornet nano helicopter unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).

The Black Hornet Nano UAV measures 10 cm x 2.5 cm and provides troops with local situational awareness. The Black Hornet is equipped with three cameras which gives troops reliable full-motion video and still images it can be used to peer around corners or over walls and other obstacles to identify any hidden dangers and the images are displayed on a handheld terminal.

A total of 324 drones have been purchased and are deployed in units of 2. They are planned to be retained post draw down from Afghanistan[1] These were withdrawn from British Army service in 2016/2017.[2] However they were reintroduced into service from 2019 following an order for 30 placed in 2018.[3][4]

Desert HawkEdit

 
A Desert Hawk being launched from a WMIK Land Rover.

The Desert Hawk, in service with 47th Regiment Royal Artillery, allows for local area reconnaissance and base perimeter protection. Made of a lightweight material, it is capable of rough landings without major damage and is driven by a pusher quiet propeller. Equipped with three cameras, it can transmit real time video to a small laptop carried by the operators.

There are 1,222 individual Desert Hawk UAV's in service, with 12 support systems. Within Afghanistan they have flown 27,500 combined hours in service. They are planned to be retained post draw down from Afghanistan[1]

Tarantula HawkEdit

 
Tarantula Hawk

The Tarantula Hawk, in service with 47th Regiment Royal Artillery, is a lightweight robot used primarily for situational awareness and IED detection from the air or close to the ground. They are most commonly mounted on Mastiff's under the variant "Protected Eyes" that also includes an ISTAR periscope and remote weapon system. This is part of the Talisman mine detection program and, upon locating a suspected area, the Mastiff will remotely deploy the Tarantula Hawk to investigate ahead of the convoy. Five systems were ordered initially for testing before many more were acquired upon successful integration into Talisman.

There are 18 T-Hawks in service with the Talisman Convoys. They have been moved into the core budget for Army 2020 as part of Talisman.

Dragon RunnerEdit

 
Dragon Runner

Dragon Runner is a lightweight, man portable, robot capable of detecting a variety of explosive devices without putting the operator in danger, which helps bomb disposal experts find and deactivate improvised explosive devices (IEDs).[5] The version purchased is tracked, with a controllable manipulation arm and a very rugged design to be thrown from vehicles, over fences and through windows without damage.

Around 100 were purchased for use in the British Army.

Mini MineWolf MW240Edit

The Mini MineWolf MW240 is a light, remote-controlled de-mining machine which is easily transported to remote areas. It is designed to operate in challenging environments and withstand blasts from Anti-Tank, Anti-Personnel and fragmentation mines. It offers a choice of tiller or flail operations depending on conditions with continuous ground penetration up to a depth of 25 cm, with automatic depth control. It has an average clearance performance 5,000m² – 12,000m² per day.[6]

The British Army purchased 10 such items.[7]

TalonEdit

Talon is an EOD robotic unit used for investigating, identifying and deactivating improvised explosive devices. Developed by Qinetiq, they have been purchased for use with the Talisman convoys and explosive disposal units.[8] Two accompany each of the six Talisman convoys, for at least 12 known to be in service.[9]

WatchkeeperEdit

Wheelbarrow Mk8Edit

Wheelbarrow has been in use with the British Army since The Troubles and is now in the Mk8 development. They are used for investigating, identifying and deactivating improvised explosive devices. They can be remote controlled from up to 1 km away, climb 45 degree slopes and have a 150 kg lifting power. They can also be equipped with a shotgun attachment, laser designator, ceramic cutter, X-ray, disruptor brackets and many more modules. The Mk8 has been spotted on operational deployment in service with Talisman units.[10]

Obsolete unmanned systemsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b http://www.defensenews.com/article/20140729/DEFREG01/307290029
  2. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/72202/british-army-retires-black-hornet-micro-uav
  3. ^ https://www.c4isrnet.com/unmanned/2019/04/18/black-hornet-drones-return-to-the-uk/
  4. ^ https://airforcesmonthly.keypublishing.com/2019/04/15/black-hornet-nano-drones-for-british-army/
  5. ^ "DRAGON RUNNER bomb disposal robot". Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom). Retrieved 2010-02-03.
  6. ^ Mini MineWolf Archived 2014-03-10 at Archive.today (minewolf.com)
  7. ^ Mini MineWolf (minewolf.com), 31 January 2012
  8. ^ Bomb disposal experts the bravest of the brave, 2 December 2009
  9. ^ UK Operation Panama active in Afghanistan
  10. ^ Soldier Operates Wheel Barrow Mk 8 Counter IED Robot in Afghanistan

External linksEdit