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Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act

Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is an Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India. Its main objective was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.[1]

The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967
Emblem of India.svg
CitationAct No. 37 of 1967
Territorial extentThe whole of India
Enacted byParliament of India
Assented to30 December 1967[1]
Amended by
1. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1969 (24 of 1969).

2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972 (31 of 1972).
3. The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986 (4 of 1986).
4. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004 (29 of 2004).
5. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008 (35 of 2008).

6. Individuals can also be tagged under terrorist Amendment Act,2019
Status: In force

The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalisation to look into, the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. In order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.[2]

HistoryEdit

Pursuant to the acceptance by Government of a unanimous recommendation of the Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:

  1. Freedom of Speech and Expression;
  2. Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms; and
  3. Right to Form Associations or Unions.

The object of this bill was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India. The bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and received the assent of the President on 30 December 1967. The Amending Acts are as follows:

  1. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1967;[3]
  2. The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972;
  3. The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986;
  4. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004,
  5. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2008
  6. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2012[4]
  7. The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2019[5]

This last Amendment was enacted after POTA was withdrawn by the Parliament. However, in the Amendment Act in 2004, most of provisions of POTA were re-incorporated. In 2008, after Mumbai attacks, it was further strengthened. The most recent amendment has been done in 2019. According to the statement of objects and reasons, the Bill amends the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967 to make it more effective in preventing unlawful activities, and meet commitments made at the Financial Action Task Force (an intergovernmental organisation to combat money laundering and terrorism financing).[6]

Notable arrests made under the ActEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "UAPA, 1967 at NIA.gov.in" (PDF). NIA. Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  2. ^ "The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act" (PDF). Nia.gov.in.
  3. ^ https://www.latestlaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/the-unlawful-activities-prevention-act-1967-37-of-1967.pdf
  4. ^ "The Unlawful Activities Prevention (Amendment) Act, 2012" (PDF). http://indiacode.nic.in. Government of India. Retrieved 11 January 2017. External link in |website= (help)
  5. ^ https://www.livelaw.in/pdf_upload/pdf_upload-362501.pdf | access-date=Aug 4, 2019
  6. ^ "PRS | Bill Track | The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill, 2011". www.prsindia.org. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Ghandy let off terror charge after police error two years after initial arrest". Mail Online. 28 March 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  8. ^ Aman Sethi. "Life term for Binayak Sen". thehindu.com. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  9. ^ Dec 19, TNN | Updated:; 2014; Ist, 2:57. "Who is Mehdi Masroor Biswas? | India News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 July 2019.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  10. ^ "City court acquits man held under UAPA after 7 years". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 19 July 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2017.
  11. ^ R.sivaraman (9 August 2018). "May 17 Movement leader Thirumurugan Gandhi held in Bengaluru on charges of sedition". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 July 2019.

External linksEdit