Unknown Soldier Memorial (Egypt)
Many Unknown Soldier Memorials for Egyptian and Arab soldiers were constructed inside and outside Egypt. The most famous is the one in Cairo.
The Unknown Soldier Memorial in Cairo is a pyramid-shaped monument in Nasr City. Its construction was ordered by president Anwar Sadat in 1974 in honour of Egyptians and Arabs who lost their lives in the 1973 October War. It was inaugurated in October 1975. The site was also chosen for the president's tomb after his assassination in October 1981.
The monument is made of concrete and resembles a hollow pyramid, with a height of 25 meters, and a base width of 14.3 meters. The four pillars are 1.9 meters thick, and are inscribed with 71 symbolic names. At the center of the base is a solid basalt cube representing the soldier's tomb. The memorial is open to visitors at all times. It was designed by the artist Sami Rafi, a Professor in the Faculty of Fine Arts in Cairo who obtained his PhD from the Faculty of Fine Arts in Vienna. A small memorial to the martyrs of 1973 war is present in the 6th of October Panorama.
An Unknown Soldier monument commemorating those who lost their lives in the October War is located in El-Shohada Square, Alexandria (though of a completely different design).
A memorial dedicated to the unknown soldiers who lost their lives in the sea battles, it is present on the sea shore at Alexandria.
Port Said Martyrs MemorialEdit
There is an Egyptian unknown Soldier & October war Memorial at the entrance of Sadat City.
The Egyptian unknown Soldier & October war Memorial at Ismailyia was erected to commemorate the victory of Egyptian army at the Battle of Ismailia.
Ad Halom area in IsraelEdit
An unknown soldier memorial for Egyptian soldiers of the 1948 war stands at Ad Halom, also known as "the Ad Halom commemoration wall". The Ad Halom memorial (Ashdod) marks the northernmost point in Israel to which the Egyptian army advanced during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It was erected under the terms of the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty. The inscriptions on the four edges are in Hebrew, Arabic, English and hieroglyphics.
Egyptians soldiers memorial of Battles of Negba at Sde YoavEdit
Another monument erected under the terms of the 1979 peace treaty stands near Fort Yoav in Southern Israel. The Egyptians had requested to place a memorial for soldiers fallen in Negba as one had been placed to commemorate the Israeli fallen. Due to local opposition, the monument was placed in nearby Sde Yoav. It is a monument to four Egyptian soldiers – two colonels, a sergeant and a private. Like its Ad Halom counterpart, it too is inscribed in Hebrew, Arabic, English and hieroglyphics.
Occupied Palestinian territoriesEdit
Beit Nuba Egyptians soldiers memorial, Ramallah; West BankEdit
A monument was erected in the village of Beit Nuba west the city of Ramallah in the West Bank in memory of 10 Egyptian soldiers bravery during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. It is dedicated to the Egyptian soldiers who refused to surrender the area to Jordan, then the Zionist forces bomb them causing their death. The monument was built on July 17, 2012 as a joint effort between the Egyptian embassy and the Fatah party.
Israeli forces entered Beit Nuba on 12 December 2012 and notified the villagers that the monument and buildings would be demolished. The Egyptian Minister of Foreign affairs made contacts with the Egyptian ambassador in the Palestinian territories, to stop the Israeli decision to demolish the Beit Nuba monument of the Egyptian soldiers. Palestinians organized a march and sit-in to protest the decision to demolish the monument.
Egyptian troops Kuwait war memorialEdit
A memorial for the Egyptian troops who fell in the Kuwait war during the Liberation of Kuwait campaign during the Operation Desert Storm. It is displayed at the Kuwait National Memorial Museum to show Egypt's contribution to the liberation. It commemorates Egypt loss of 12 soldiers.
Sana'a Monument for Egyptians MartyrsEdit
|Memorial Name||Location||Establishment date & designer||Aim||Time Era||Comments||Coordinates|
|The Unknown Soldier Memorial in Cairo||Nasr City, Cairo||1975 by the artist Sami Rafi||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1973 October War||1973 October War||Made of concrete and resembles a hollow pyramid, with a height of 36.64 meters, and a base width of 14.3 meters.|
|Alexandria October war unknown Soldier Memorial||El-Shohada Square, Alexandria||1970s?||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1973 October War||1973 October War||-|
|Alexandria Naval Unknown Soldier Memorial||Manshaya district sea shore at Alexandria||1964||dedicated to the Egyptian naval unknown soldiers who lost their lives in the sea battles||Egyptian Revolution of 1952||Originally a memorial to Khedive Ismail built by Italian residents of Alexandria|
|Port Said Martyrs Memorial||Al-Sharq District, Port Said||1950s||to commemorate the martyrs of Port Said in the battles of the tripartite aggression during the Suez Crisis||1956 Suez Crisis||constructed in the form of Pharaonic obelisk covered with grey granite|
|The Desouk unknown Soldier & October war martyrs Memorial||Desouk, Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate||1970s||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1973 October War||1973 October War||-|
|The Sadat City unknown Soldier & October war martyrs Memorial||Desouk, Kafr el-Sheikh Governorate||1970s||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1973 October War||1973 October War||-|
|Ismailia Unknown Soldier Memorial||Ismailia||1970s||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the Battle of Ismailia||1973 October War||Made of concrete and resembles a bayonet fixed to the muzzle of an AK-47|
|Ad Halom area Egyptian unknown Soldier Memorial||Ad Halom, Ashdod; Israel||1980s||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1948 Arab Israeli war||1948 Arab–Israeli War||Erected as a part of Camp David Accords. The inscriptions on the four edges are in Hebrew, Arabic, English and hieroglyphs.|
|Battles of Negba Unknown Soldier Memorial in Sde Yoav||Sde Yoav, Israel||1980s||To honour of Egyptians who lost their lives in the 1948 Battles of Negba and Al-Falouja, especially four Egyptian soldiers including Ahmed Abdel-Aziz||1948 Arab–Israeli War||Erected as a part of Camp David Accords. The inscriptions on the four edges are in Hebrew, Arabic, English and hieroglyphs.|
|Egyptian troops Kuwait war memorial||Kuwait||1990s||To honour 12 Egyptian soldiers who fell in the Kuwait war during the Liberation of Kuwait campaign during Operation Desert Storm||Operation Desert Storm||Made of concrete and resembles a hollow pyramid, with a height of 36.64 meters, and a base width of 14.3 meters.|
|Sana'a Monument for Egyptians Martyrs||Sana'a, Yemen||1960s||To honour for the memory of the 70,000 Egyptian soldiers that died during the North Yemen Civil War in 1965||North Yemen Civil War||-|
The Egyptian unknown Soldier & October war martyrs Memorial, Desouk
The Egyptian unknown Soldier & October war Memorial, Sadat City
Monument to the memory of four Egyptian soldiers who fell in the battle of Al-Falouja in 1948 including Ahmed Abdel-Aziz
An Egyptian military band performing as U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta participatea in a wreath-laying ceremony Unknown Soldier Memorial
- "Unknown soldier memorial, Egypt state information". Archived from the original on 2012-08-13. Retrieved 2012-08-13.
- naval Unknown soldier memorial[permanent dead link]
- http://www.ynetnews.com/%7CSeven fascinating memorials
- Na'aman, Ayelet (2009-04-28). "7 fascinating memorials". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2009-04-28.
- Aner, Ze'ev ed. (1998). Stories of Kibbutzim. Ministry of Defense Publishing. ISBN 965-05-0946-1. (Hebrew) P.138
- http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/egypt-seeks-halt-israel-s-decision-demolish-egyptians-martyrs-monument Egypt seeks halt Israel decision to demolish Egyptians martyrs monument
- http://www.palestine-info.co.uk/En/default.aspx?xyz=U6Qq7k%2bcOd87MDI46m9rUxJEpMO%2bi1s7%2f%2fXTDxwGfcRmBvr8Yyo4Tm7xvPXs0axIA4zRTANmyhQFPVaqmuQ0%2bN62hjCoqq4YRxviyqXcfSIMxLpXm9BtfIznlaaeQreB7YDs5C5G4q4%3d Cairo moves to stop the Israeli decision to demolish an Egyptian monument
- troops memorial in Kuwait