University of Ruhuna
This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
ருகுண பல்கலைக் கழகம்
|Latin: Universitas Rohana|
|Ruhuna University College|
|Motto||පඤඤා නරානං රතනං |
Paññayā Narānaṅ Ratanaṅ
|University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka), |
Association of Commonwealth Universities,
International Association of Universities
|Endowment||LKR 4.39 billion (2018)|
|Chancellor||Venerable Akuratiye Nanda Thero|
|Vice-Chancellor||Prof. Sujeewa Amarasena|
|Language||Sinhala, Tamil and English|
|Sri Lanka University Games|
It is the only university in Southern Sri Lanka (also referred to as the Kingdom of Ruhuna). It was established by a Special Presidential Decree on 1 September 1978 as Ruhuna University College and upgraded to a fully-fledged university on 1 February 1984 by a University order. It is informally known as Ruhuna University or simply Ruhuna.
The University is organised into ten faculties throughout the Southern province of Sri Lanka. Its 72 acres (29 ha) main campus is located in Wellamadama complex in Matara. The faculties of Agriculture and Technology are located in Kamburupitiya (Matara), whilst the faculties of Engineering, Medicine and Allied Health Sciences are located in Galle. Its LKR 4.39 billion financial endowments are used for academic and research purposes of the university. It operates the Ruhuna Library, which is one of the largest academic and research library systems in Sri Lanka. The Ruhuna University Library System is centred in the main library at the Wellamadama main campus and comprises nearly four other libraries holding over 200,000 volumes.
The idea of a University of Ruhuna was proposed by the Cabinet Minister of Education & Higher Education at the time Dr. Nissanka Wijeyeratne. Ruhuna University was opened on 1 September 1978, fulfilling a desire of the people of the south to have a university in the region. It was housed in the Technical College buildings at Meddawatte, Matara with about 40 academics, 50 non-academics, and 275 students.
Inauguration of University collegeEdit
The enactment of the Universities Act No. 46 of 1978 enabled the University Grants Commission to establish the Ruhuna University College. As a result, on 27 August 1978, the Prime Minister J. R. Jayawardene declared open the Ruhuna University College at Meddawatta, Matara, with Prof. Mervyn W. Thenabadu as its Director.
Campus to University statusEdit
The Ruhuna University College was shifted to the new premises in 1984 following which it was elevated to full university status. The new location was selected for the main campus at Wellamadama, two kilometers from Matara facing Matara-Kataragama main road. Professor G. P. Samarawickrama was the first Vice-Chancellor of the University. Hon. Ronnie De Mel, inaugurating the University after being elevated from campus to University status in 1984. During the past 25 years, it has witnessed considerable progress and development in the academic, research and outreach spheres with substantial improvement in intellectual and infrastructure resources and has emerged as a leader of higher education in Sri Lanka. To date, it has produced about 50,000 graduates and over 75 postgraduates. Around 100 postgraduate students are pursuing master and doctoral programs in disciplines that are of relevance to the development of the region in particular and the country in general.
Governance and administrationEdit
The University of Ruhuna is a state university and depends on the government for much of its annual grant, which is provided by the University Grants Commission (UGC). Due to this, its administration is heavily influenced by the UGC. Undergraduate education is completely free. The Governance of the university is under the provisions of the Universities Act No. 16 of 1978 and the Universities (Amendment) Act No. 7 of 1985 along with its own by-laws.
The university's administration is based upon that of the former University of Ceylon consisting of a dual structure of bodies: the Council (formally known as the University Court which is the governing body) and the Academic Senate (academic affairs).
Much of the appointments to officers and faculty are carried out by these bodies, however on the recommendations of the UGC.
Officers of the universityEdit
The Chancellor is the head of the university and awards all degrees, although most duties are carried out by the Vice-chancellor. The appointment is made by the President of Sri Lanka, to a distinguished person in academics, clergy or in the civil society. The chancellor is Rajakeeya Panditha Pallaththara Sri Sumanajothi Nahimi Thero.
Past Chancellors and Vice-ChancellorsEdit
If this place doesn't turn students into civilized beings, nothing will!
A new building complex for the university was designed by the world-renowned architect Geoffrey Bawa and was constructed at Wellamadama with a unique architectural landscape. The RUC was shifted to the new premises in 1984, and it was elevated to full university status. Edward Reed & Beg Company designed the buildings and the Ballast Nedam Company of the Netherlands completed the construction at all three sites: Wellamadama, Mapalana, and Karapitiya with a unique architectural landscape.
The 30-hectare site straddled three steep hills, the westernmost overlooking the sea and separated from the other two by a low-lying valley that carried the main road from Matara to Hambantota.Architects placed the vice-chancellor's lodge and a guest house on the western hill and flooded the intervening valley to create a buffer between the road and the main campus. He then wrapped the buildings of the science faculty around the northern hill and those of the arts faculty around the southern hill, using the depression between them for the library and other central facilities.
After Peradeniya, which was selected for the beauty of its surrounding, Ruhuna university was the only other campus built with similar ambition. Located in the south of the island, this was the second university complex since the University of Ceylon, to be designed on the same lavish scale and style.
Geoffery Bawa's architecture for RuhunaEdit
In Geoffery Bawa's architecture, the central role of geography must be a highlight. The buildings as they are conceived are influenced by the "character of the natural terrain, the vegetation, the potential for developing vistas out into the landscape and hence light and shade and of course the related and ever-present aspect of climate".In the Ruhuna campus construction are intimately tied to the topography and the territory they occupy.
Rabindranath Tagore Memorial AuditoriumEdit
|Founding of the Faculties of the University of Ruhuna|
|Ruhuna University College||1978|
|Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences||1978|
|Faculty of Agriculture||1978|
|Faculty of Science||1978|
|Faculty of Medicine||1980|
|Faculty of Engineering||1999|
|Faculty of Management and Finance||2003|
|Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences and Technology||2005|
|Faculty of Graduate Studies||2011|
|Faculty of Technology||2017|
|Faculty of Allied Health Sciences||2017|
It has ten faculties: Agriculture, Engineering, Fisheries and Marine Sciences & Technology, Humanities and Social Sciences, Management and Finance, Medicine, Science, Graduate studies , Technology and Allied Health Sciences.
The university has responded to the needs of the country and established two new faculties — 'Management and Finance' and 'Fisheries and Marine Science' — the first of its kind in Sri Lanka. Thus, the university has as many faculties as the University of Peradeniya, the largest in Sri Lanka.
The main campus is at Matara. The faculties of Engineering and Medicine are at Hapugala and Karapitiya, about 5 km from Galle city center. The Faculty of Agriculture is at Mapalana, 16 km north of Matara and 2 km south of Kamburupitiya.
The University of Ruhuna undertakes research, mostly with other universities, government organisations, semi-governmental organisations and non-governmental organisations. The research is funded by both Sri Lankan and foreign entities.
The University of Ruhuna established during the same year launched Rohana, a multidisciplinary journal devoted to publishing research articles related to Applied & Natural Sciences, Management & Social Sciences, and Medical Sciences in 1985. The first issue of the journal, Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension(TARE) was launched by the University of Ruhuna in 1998 followed by a government publication the Annals of the Sri Lanka Department of Agriculture in 1999, providing additional venues for publishing articles on agriculture. Journal of the Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences, University of Ruhuna, commenced in 1998 providing an additional venue for research output in the area of humanities and social sciences. The University of Ruhuna publishes some of the key academic journals in the country.
- Journal of the University of Ruhuna
- Ruhuna Journal of Management and Finance
- Ruhuna Journal of Science
- Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension (TARE)
- Ruhuna Journal of Medicine
"Rohana" is a multidisciplinary refereed journal devoted to publishing high-quality research articles related to Applied & Natural Sciences, Management & Social Sciences, and Medical Sciences. Since its commencement in 1985.
The university has 5 libraries. The Ruhuna University Library is the central research library, which holds over 0.2 million volumes. It is a legal deposit library, therefore it is entitled to request a free copy of every book published in Sri Lanka. In addition to the University Library and its dependents, almost every faculty or department has a specialised library; for example, Agriculture, Medical, Allied Health Science and Engineering faculty libraries are at the Mapalana, Karapitiya, and Hapugala campuses.
|Type||Academic and Research|
|Branch of||Mapalana, Karapitiya, Hapugala, Mahamodara|
|Items collected||Books, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, Legal Deposit, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings and manuscripts|
|Size||200,000 total Books|
160,000 legal deposit
|Access and use|
The library holds about 200,000 books and about 300 journals (foreign and local). These resources are available in print and electronic formats. Services include reference, lending, interlibrary loan, current awareness services, workshops and maintaining library website with links to resources for which the library have subscribed as well as those available free. The library website also provides access to the CD collection and the Online Public Access catalog. According to library statistics, annual circulation of resources is more than 123,000.
Students at the University of Ruhuna run over 100 clubs and organisations. These include cultural and religious groups, academic clubs, and common-interest organisations. The Ruhuna Students' Union (RSU) is considered the highest body which represents all internal students separate student unions operate in each faculty.
Faculty Students' UnionsEdit
According to the amended University Act of 1988, Section 26, students of each faculty can form the Faculty Union of all students of that faculty. The main objective of this Union is to promote academic actions of the student population and to work for the advancement and welfare of the students and the faculty.
The Department of physical education provides sports equipment to students for games organised by the university and for training sessions free of charge. The University is a participatant in the Sri Lanka University Games, a multi-sporting event held between public universities in Sri Lanka.
- "Student Enrolmentof Sri Lankan Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "General information of Sri Lankan Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- Gunawardena, Charles A. (2005). Encyclopedia of Sri Lanka. India: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 399. ISBN 1932705481.
- Gunawardena, Chandra. "Matching education with employment in Sri Lanka." Higher Education Review 15.1 (1982): 58.
- Yong, Zhao; Ramanathan, Hema (2010). Handbook of Asian Education: A Cultural Perspective. New York: Routledge. p. 584. ISBN 978-1136721298.
- Gamage, D. Thenuwara. "Vicissitudes in the Administration of Higher Education in a Third World Country: Four Decades—Seven Reforms." Journal of Educational Administration and History 19.1 (1987): 47-61.
- "Finance information of Sri Lankan Universities" (PDF). University Grants Commission of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- Saga of Nilame and Kumarihamy by Lakmal Welabada. Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka), Retrieved on 10 December 2006.
- A Diverse, Colourful Life. Island (Sri Lanka), Retrieved on 7 January 2012.
- AN ILLUSTRIOUS STATESMAN. Daily News, Retrieved on 7 January 2016.
- "University Admission" (PDF). University Grants Commission. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- "geoffreybawa". Retrieved 13 April 2016.
- Taylor, B.B.; Bawa, Geoffrey (1995). Geoffrey Bawa. Sri Lanka: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 9780500278581.
- Robson, David. 2002. Geoffrey Bawa: The Complete Works. London: Thames & Hudson, 158-163.
- Wickaramasinghe, N. (2005). University Space and Values Three Essays. International Center for Ethnic Studies Colombo Sri Lanka.
- "International Collaborations". Retrieved 6 August 2017.
- "Industrial Collaborations". Retrieved 6 August 2017.
- "Ruhuna Journal of Medicine". Retrieved 6 August 2017.
- "Research Studies in The field of Telecommunications with the support of Universities & Research Institutions in Sri Lanka". Retrieved 6 August 2017.
- Yapa, Geetha. "The Historical Development of Sri Lankan Scholarly Journal Publishing (1845–2010)." Sri Lankan Journal of Librarianship and Information Management 4.3-4 (2011).
- "Legal deposit". University of Ruhuna. 30 April 2005. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
- "Legal Deposits". Department of National Archives. Archived from the original on 26 July 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "Ceylon Steel Cooperation offers 10 scholarships for needy students". Daily News. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- University of Rahuna Website (in English)