University of Hanover
The University of Hanover[nb 1], officially the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, short Leibniz University Hannover, is a public university located in Hannover, Germany. Founded on May 2, 1831, it is one of the largest and oldest science and technology universities in Germany. In the 2014/15 school year it enrolled 25,688 students, of which 2,121 were from foreign countries. It has nine faculties which offer 190 full and part degree programs in 38 fields of study. The University is named after Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, the 18th century mathematician and philosopher.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover
|Höhere Gewerbeschule (1831-)|
Polytechnische Schule (1847-)
Königliche Technische Hochschule (1879-)
Technische Hochschule Hannover (1921/22-1968)
Technische Universität Hannover (1968-1978)
Universität Hannover (1978-2006)
|Motto||Mit Wissen Zukunft gestalten|
Motto in English
|Shaping the future with knowledge|
|Established||May 2, 1831|
|Budget||€ 447.2 million|
Leibniz University Hannover is a member of TU9, an association of the nine leading Institutes of Technology in Germany. It is also a member of the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research (CESAER), a non-profit association of leading engineering universities in Europe. The university sponsors the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB), the largest science and technology library in the world.
The roots of the University of Hanover begin in the Higher Vocational College/Polytechnic Institute (German: Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule), founded on May 2, 1831. In 1879 the Higher Vocational School moved into the historic Guelph Palace, the Welfenschloss, which was specially converted for the purpose. On April 1, 1879, the Higher Vocational School became the Royal College of Technology (German: Königliche Technische Hochschule). In 1899 Kaiser Wilhelm II granted the College of Technology a status equal to that of universities and the right to confer doctorates. The College was reconstructed in 1921 with the financial support of the College Patrons’ Association. As of July 1, 1922, there were three faculties: Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering. In 1968 the Faculty of Humanities and Political Science were founded and the "Technische Hochschule" ("Technical College" or "Technical University") became the "Technische Universität Hannover" ("Technical University Hannover"). Between 1973 and 1980 the faculties of Law, Business and Economics, and the formerly independent Teachers Training College were added to the University and in 1978 the "Technische Universität Hannover" was renamed "Universität Hannover" ("University of Hannover"). Student numbers exceeded 30,000 for the first time in 1991. On the 175th anniversary of the institution in 2006, the "University of Hannover" was given the name "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover." While 64 students first attended the Vocational School, today the university has around 25.700 students, more than 2.900 academics and scientists, and 160 departments and institutes.
The Senate of the University voted in April 2006 to rename the University of Hannover to "Leibniz Universität Hannover". Following agreement by the Leibniz Academy on the use of the name, the "Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover" received its name on the 360th anniversary of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz's birth. The brand of the university is "Leibniz Universität Hannover."
The old logo of the University was inspired by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The current logo, adopted in 2008, is a stylised excerpt from a letter to Duke Rudolf August of Wolfenbüttel, in which Leibniz presented binary numbers for the first time.
Faculties and staffEdit
Nine faculties with more than 190 first-degree full-time and part-time degree courses make the university the second-largest institution of higher education in Lower Saxony. The university staff comprises 2930 research and teaching staff, of whom 321 are professors. It has 1810 additional employees in administrative functions, 90 apprentices and some 1400 staff funded by third parties.
- Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Sciences
- Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodetic Science
- Faculty of Economics and Management
- Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
- Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
- Faculty of Natural Sciences
The campus of the university is spread over 160 buildings occupying 322,700 m2 of floor space.
The University's overall budget was approximately 441.8 million euros in 2013, broken down as follows:
- Income of 222.6 million according to the annual report
- External funding amounting to 101.8 million euros
- Special funds from the State of Lower Saxony amounting to 58.3 million euros
- 42.3 million euros from other income
- 16.8 million euros from student contributions
The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018 ranked Leibniz University of Hanover between 201-250 worldwide in the field of engineering and technology.
University library and TIBEdit
The library was established on the founding of the Höhere Gewerbeschule/Polytechnische Schule in 1831. It expanded into an important collection as the institution evolved from a vocational/technical college into the full University. The removal of the books into storage during the Second World War secured valuable old stocks that became a unique national collection of scientific and technical literature in postwar Germany. This was the basis on which the library of the Institute of Technology (German: Technische Informationsbibliothek) was established in 1959. Today the collection forms the heart of the German National Library of Science and Technology, which is the largest institution of its kind in the world.
GISMA School of BusinessEdit
GISMA Business School in Hannover, Germany, was launched in 1999 as a joint initiative by the state of Lower Saxony and visionary private-sector enterprises. The school was closely affiliated with the Krannert School of Management at Purdue University (Indiana, USA) until 2011 when the Leibniz University Hannover briefly became its parent. In 2013 the association with Leibniz ended, and GISMA became part the for-profit education company Global University Systems.
- Friedrich Bergius (1884–1949), Chemist, Nobel Prize in chemistry (1931)
- Constantin Carathéodory (1873–1950), Mathematician, professor
- Horst Dreier (born 1954), Lawyer
- Gerhard Ertl (born 1936), Physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize in chemistry (2007)
- J. Hans D. Jensen (1907–1973), German physicist, Nobel Prize in physics (1963)
- Karl Karmarsch (1803–1879), Engineer, educationalist.
- Theodor Lessing (1872–1933), Philosopher
- Oskar Negt (born 1934), Social philosopher
- Eduard Pestel (1914–1988), Engineer and politician
- Ludwig Prandtl (1875–1953), Physicist and engineer in fluid- and aerodynamics, professor.
- Klaus Töpfer (born 1938), German politician (CDU)
- Carl F. W. Borgward (1890–1963), Entrepreneur, car manufacturer, engineer, guest auditor.
- Walter Bruch (1908–1990), Electronics and television engineer, honorary doctorate.
- Henrich Focke (1890–1979), German aviation pioneer
- Alfred Bucherer (1863–1927), Physicist
- Wilhelm Busch (1832–1908), Poet and artist
- Luise Druke (born 1948), German scholar and United Nations practitioner
- Irmgard Flügge-Lotz (1903-1974), German-American mathematician and engineer
- Erich Gutenberg (1897–1984), German economist.
- Rento Hofstede Crull (1863–1938), Electrical pioneer
- Pascual Jordan (1902 – 1980), Theoretical and mathematical physicist, politician (CDU)
- Wolfgang Jüttner (born 1948), German politician (SPD)
- David McAllister (born 1971), German politician (CDU)
- Christian Otto Mohr (1835–1918), Civil and structural engineer
- Carl Adam Petri (1926–2010), Mathematician, logician and computer scientist
- Frank Pohlmann (born 1959), American politician and businessman
- Hanover is the traditional English spelling. The German spelling (with a double n) is becoming more popular in English; recent editions of encyclopedias prefer the German spelling and the University uses the German spelling on its English website. The traditional English spelling should always be used in historical contexts, especially when referring to the British House of Hanover.
- "Geschichte, Gebäude und Personen" (PDF). Leibniz University Hannover. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Auf dem Weg zur Technischen Hochschule". Auf dem Weg zur Technischen Hochschule. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
- "Key Events in the History of the University". Leibniz Universität Hannover. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- uni-hannover.de: Leitbild der Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover Archived 2011-11-26 at the Wayback Machine. Stand: 1. Februar 2012
- "Zahlenspiegel 2016" (PDF). University of Hanover (in German). p. 57. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-27. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "Zahlenspiegel 2016" (PDF). University of Hanover (in German). pp. 46–48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-27. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- "Studierendenstatistik SS 2017" (PDF). University of Hanover (in German). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-09-27. Retrieved 2017-06-10.
- Encyclopædia Britannica uses "Hannover". It says "English Hanover" but uses "Hannover" in the prose.
- Microsoft Encarta gives the primary spelling as "Hannover".
- uni-hannover.de: Studium, Stand: 15. April 2009
- Studierendenzahlen für das Wintersemester 2014/15 Archived 2014-12-18 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved, December 2014
- Profile of the TIB at the University of Hanover online Archived 2012-04-23 at the Wayback Machine (English) retrieved 26-May-2012
- uni-hannover.de: Die Leibniz Universität Hannover in Stichworten Archived 2016-08-05 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved, 18 December 2014
- uni-hannover.de. "Neues Corporate Design der Leibniz Universität Hannover entsteht". Archived from the original on 3 April 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2008.
- "ARWU World University Rankings 2017 - Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017 - Top 500 universities - Shanghai Ranking - 2017". www.shanghairanking.com. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "QS World University Rankings 2016". topuniversities.com. 25 August 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- "Leibniz University of Hanover". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/print/d-43067968.html "Der Bastler", Der Spiegel 51/1960