University of Buckingham
The University of Buckingham (UB) is a non-profit, private university in the UK and the oldest of the country's five private universities.[a] It is located in Buckingham, England, and was founded as the University College at Buckingham (UCB) in 1973, admitting its first students in 1976. It was granted university status by royal charter in 1983. Buckingham offers bachelor's degrees, master's degrees and doctoral degrees through five "schools" (or faculties) of study.
|Motto||Alis Volans Propriis (Latin)|
Motto in English
|"Flying on Our Own Wings"|
|Established||1973 as university college|
1983 as university
|Vice-Chancellor||Sir Anthony Seldon|
|97 academic, 103 support|
The university was closely linked to Margaret Thatcher, who as Education Secretary oversaw the creation of the university college in 1973, and as Prime Minister was instrumental in elevating it to a university in 1983 – thus creating the first private university in the UK. When she retired from politics in 1992, Margaret Thatcher became the university's second chancellor, a post she held until 1998.
The university's finances for teaching operate entirely on direct student fees and endowments: it does not receive state funding (via HEFCE or otherwise). It has formal charity status as a not-for-profit institution dedicated to the ends of research and education.
The university is a member of the Independent Universities Group, created in January 2015 by eight non-profit and for-profit institutions with degree-awarding powers and/or university title. The group's aim is to be "the Russell Group of the alternative sector" and to dissociate its members from more "dodgy" for-profit colleges. The university is one of the twenty-six English universities with a School of Medicine, i.e. it trains doctors at undergraduate and postgraduate level.
Some of the founding academics migrated from the University of Oxford, disillusioned or wary of aspects of the late-1960s ethos. On 27 May 1967, The Times published a letter from J. W. Paulley, a physician, who wrote:
"Is it now time to examine the possibility of creating at least one university in this country on the pattern of [the] great private foundations in the USA."
Three London conferences followed which explored this idea.
The university was incorporated as the University College of Buckingham in 1976 and received its Royal Charter from the Queen in 1983. As of May 2016, it is the only private university in the UK with a royal charter.
Its development was influenced by the libertarian Institute of Economic Affairs, in particular, Harry Ferns and Ralph Harris, heads of the Institute. In keeping with its adherence to a libertarian philosophy, the university's foundation-stone was laid by Margaret Thatcher, who was also to be the university's Chancellor (nominal and ceremonial head) between 1993 and 1998.
The university's first three Vice-Chancellors were Lord Beloff (1913–1999), former Gladstone Professor of Politics at the University of Oxford; Sir Alan Peacock, the economist, founder of the Economics department at the University of York, and Fellow of the British Academy; and Sir Richard Luce, now Lord Luce, the former Minister for the Arts.
Near the centre of the town of Buckingham is the riverside campus, which is partly contained within a south-turning bend of the River Great Ouse. Here, on or just off Hunter Street, are some of the university's central buildings: Yeomanry House (which contains the reception and central administration); the Anthony de Rothchild building (which contains Business and Economics); the Humanities Library; and also some of the student accommodation, looking northwards across the river. Prebend House, a recently restored Georgian house, contains parts of the department of Politics and also Economics. On the other side of Hunter Street, on the so-called 'island', is the Tanlaw Mill, one of the university's social centres – with the main refectory, the Fitness Centre, and the Students' Union Office.
Overlooking this site, on the hill above, is the extensive Chandos Building. This complex contains the main teaching areas for English Literature, English Language, Journalism, Modern Foreign Languages, and the Foundation programmes, and also some of the teaching rooms and one of the lecture theatres for Medicine. It also houses the Ian-Fairburn Lecture Theatre, the largest lecture theatre on the river-side site. Adjacent to the Chandos Building, is the Department of Education. This has both a research arm, and also a teacher training (PGCE) faculty.
Further on, up the hill, on the London Road, is another element of the campus, in particular the School of Law, which is housed in the Franciscan Building, surrounded by other student accommodation blocks. This is opposite the swimming pool and leisure centre. The university has been expanding in recent years. It has acquired a new site on the west side of the river, which will increase the capacity of the river-side campus as a whole. Teaching on some master's degrees takes place in London, in Grosvenor Place, at the home of one its partner institutions: the European School of Economics, and some Life Science programmes are also run in Central London, in conjunction with Medipathways College (see below).
Organisation and governanceEdit
Since 2014, the Chancellor of the University is the Hon. Tessa, Lady Keswick. The immediate past- Chancellor is Sir Martin Jacomb, Chairman of Canary Wharf Group PLC, and Share PLC (in Aylesbury), and the director of other companies including Oxford Playhouse Trust. He was Chairman of Prudential PLC from 1995 to 2000 and has retired from the boards of Rio Tinto Group and Marks & Spencer. Former Chancellors of the university have been Margaret Thatcher who retired in 1999, and Lord Hailsham of St Marylebone.
Sir Anthony Seldon was appointed as Vice-Chancellor from 1 September 2015 from Wellington College where he was 13th Master. The outgoing Vice-Chancellor was Terence Kealey, formerly of the Department of Clinical Biochemistry at Cambridge University, who had held the post from April 2001 until he stepped down in July 2014.
The university's five schools are: Law; Humanities; Arts and Languages; Business; and Science and Medicine. Each of these is presided over by a dean.
The quality of the university's provision is maintained, as at other UK universities, by an external examiner system (i.e., professors from other universities oversee and report on exams and marking), by an academic advisory council (comprising a range of subject-specialist academics from other universities), and by membership of the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA).
The Department of Education has two aspects, research and vocational: it conducts research into education and school provision, and also maintains various PGCE courses for teacher training. The Department of Education has been home to some of the most prominent educationalists in Britain, including the late Chris Woodhead (former head of Ofsted) and Anthony O'Hear (director of the Royal Institute of Philosophy). Its postgraduate certificate in education – which deals with both the state and the independent sector – is accredited with Qualified Teacher Status which means that it also qualifies graduates to teach in the state sector.
The university was created as a liberal arts college, and still describes itself as such, although in an interview with The Guardian in 2003, then Vice-Chancellor Terence Kealey remarked that it had "become a vocational school for law and business for non-British students, because that's where the market has taken us". Consequently, major humanities subjects such as history and politics are no longer offered as stand-alone degrees, instead being combined with economics as a degree in international studies. Economics, however, is available as a stand-alone degree as is English literature, as a single honours subject, and in combinations with English Language, or Journalism, and related areas. The Professor of Economics, and Dean of Humanities, Martin Ricketts, is the chair of the Institute of Economic Affairs Academic Advisory Council.
Some degree programmes at Buckingham, Law for example, place greater emphasis on exams as an assessment method rather than coursework, but in general its degree programmes balance assessment between exams and coursework.
School of MedicineEdit
The School of Medicine offers postgraduate MD programmes for qualified doctors in a range of specialisations. From January 2015 it offers an undergraduate medical qualification (MBChB) and started accepting its first batch of undergraduates at a cost of £35,000 per year. The university accepts international and EU students. The school is known as the University of Buckingham Medical School and is in partnership with Milton Keynes NHS Trust and Milton Keynes University Hospital.
The University ran a Diploma course in "integrated medicine" that was later withdrawn under pressure from David Colquhoun, a campaigner against pseudoscience and alternative medicine. The Dean of the School, Karol Sikora, was a Foundation Fellow of Prince Charles's now-defunct alternative medicine lobby group, The Prince's Foundation for Integrated Health, and is Chair of the Faculty of Integrated Medicine, which is unaffiliated with any university but also includes Rosy Daniel and Mark Atkinson, who co-ordinated Buckingham's "integrated medicine" course. Daniel has been criticised by David Colquhoun for breaches of the Cancer Act 1939, regarding claims she made for Carctol, a herbal dietary supplement with no utility in treating cancer. Andrew Miles is on the scientific council of the College of Medicine an alternative medicine lobby group linked to the Prince of Wales. Sikora is also a "professional member" of this organisation. The degree was stripped off validation by the University of Buckingham prior to the first graduation.
The University of Buckingham offers a business school which offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate qualifications for students who want to study in business.
The business school is run by Professor Nigel Adams, the Head of Enterprise and Entrepreneurship at the business school. There are a number of lecturers including many BLEU (Buckingham Lean Enterprise Unit) certified ones, which are individuals who have completed a MSc with the University since 1999. There are also a number of lecturers who are CIM certified.
The university offers traditional degrees over a shorter than usual time-frame. Students at Buckingham study for eight terms over two years, rather than nine terms over three, which (with extra teaching) fits a three-year degree into two years. (The MBChB course lasts 4.5 years.) From September 2009, tuition fees for full-time UK and EU undergraduate students have been £8,040 per year for these two-year bachelor's degree programmes. For non-EU students, fees are equivalent to £13,500 p.a. Because Buckingham's degrees take two years to complete, the university views its courses as cost-effective compared to other UK university courses, once living expenses and the income from an extra year's employment are taken into account. In some subject areas, notably Humanities, the university is now offering its degrees over different time-scales, i.e., the 2-year 'intensive' model, working the extra summer term per year, and the traditional 3-year model with the usual summer break each year.
External degrees and validationEdit
The university validates courses in medicine at Medipathways College, a small private college based in London. Medipathways operates dentistry and medicine courses. In late 2014 Medipathways was found by the Higher Education Quality Assurance Agency 'to be at serious risks of failure'; the University disagreed with the assessment.
The Humanities Research Institute includes academics working in a range of disciplines, particularly military history, security studies, political history, the history of art, 19th-century literature and social history.[self-published source?]
From the English department, John Drew runs Dickens Journals Online, the project which has put the whole of Dickens's journalistic output on free-access on the web.
Anthony Glees is Director of the Centre for Security and Intelligence Studies.
Reputation and rankingsEdit
|Times / Sunday Times (2019)||47|
|British Government assessment|
|Teaching Excellence Framework||Gold|
The university was awarded the Times/Sunday Times University of the Year for Teaching Quality in 2016 and ranked 38 overall out of all 127 UK universities. The Guardian University Guide for 2013 ranked Buckingham in 16th position out of 120 UK higher education institutes. The Complete University Guide for 2014 ranked Buckingham in 57th place out of 124 UK higher education institutes. The Times Good University Guide 2013 ranked Buckingham in its league tables in 41st position out of 120 UK higher education institutes. The Sunday Times University Guide for 2013 ranked Buckingham in its league tables in 61st (2012: 56th) position out of 122 UK higher education institutes. It was ranked 17 for graduate employability in 2015. It is not mentioned on top of the NSS 2015. It comes 55th in the 'Complete University Guide 2017'.
The league tables of individual university departments in The Guardian University Guide 2013, produced by The Guardian newspaper, ranked the Business department as 28th (out of 116) in the country, English as 14th (out of 106), Economics as 17th (out of 70), Psychology 20th (out of 109), and Law as 30th (out of 97). It is not represented in any other field.
The university's Royal Charter, unlike those of other universities, provides for three sovereign bodies, the third one (in addition to the usual Council and Senate) being the Academic Advisory Council, which is a group of external academics that audits the academic staff.
When the national Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) was created, the university felt it should join, even though it perceives itself as markedly different from the state-funded universities that the QAA otherwise audits. The university got confidence (the highest band) in its first QAA audit in 2003. The QAA indicated the university has limited confidence since 2007, while subsequently 'meeting UK expectations' for institutional matters in a 2012 review. It has breached its plagiarism rules in 2014.
University of Buckingham PressEdit
The University of Buckingham Press publishes in the areas of law, education, and business through its journal articles, books, reports and other material. In 2006 the press relaunched The Denning Law Journal and it is now available in print and its whole archive is online.
It also publishes three other journals: The Buckingham Journal of Language and Linguistics, The Journal of Prediction Markets, and The Journal of Gambling Business and Economics. It has a co-publishing arrangement with Policy Exchange for its Foundations series.
Alumni include Bader Ben Hirsi, playwright and director; Brandon Lewis, MP for Great Yarmouth and Chairman of the Conservative Party; Mark Lancaster, MP for Milton Keynes North; Graham Roos, appointed in 2011 as the University's first Creative Artist in Residence; and the former CEO of Bell Pottinger James Henderson;
International alumni include Mohammadin Ketapi, a government minister in Malaysia; Pravind Jugnauth, MP in the National Assembly of Mauritius, former Deputy Prime Minister, and leader of one of Mauritius's main parties, the Militant Socialist Movement; Olagunsoye Oyinlola, former Governor of Osun State,Nigeria; and racing driver Marc Gené, winner of the Le Mans 24-Hour Race in 2009.
- "History of the University". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "University of Buckingham Annual Report 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- "2016/17 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (CSV). Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- Adam's, Richard (25 March 2013). "Regent's College in London to become UK's second private university". The Guardian
- Paton, Graeme (22 November 2012). "Britain's first profit-making university opened". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
- Sellgren, Katherine (8 August 2013). "For-profit college gains full university status". BBC News
- Morgan, John (5 August 2015). "For-profit RDI granted university status". Times Higher Education
- The University of Buckingham news, 8 April 2013: University mourns death of Lady Thatcher Archived 7 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Linked 19 June 2015
- Business school to be university college, Financial Times, 25 July 2010
- "Register Home Page". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- Tooley, James. ed. Buckingham at 25: Freeing the Universities from State Control, Institute of Economic Affairs, 2001. ISBN 0-255-36512-8.
- Times Higher Education, 8 January 2015: Private providers create ‘Russell Group of the alternative sector’ Linked 19 June 2015
- "Institutes We Represent | Buckingham University". britishdegree.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- The Times, 27 May 1967, p. 20.
- Buckingham at 25, ed. James Tooley (2001), p. 25.
- "Chartered bodies | Privy Council". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
- "Anthony Seldon to be next Buckingham v-c". Times Higher Education. Archived from the original on 7 December 2018.
- "Hunter Street Campus" (PDF). University of Buckingham. Retrieved 2 December 2017.
- "Graduation 2013". Archived from the original on 7 January 2016.
- Terence Kealey steps down as Buckingham v–c, Times Higher Educational Supplement, 4 July 2014
- Lessons on paying for higher education, The Guardian, 6 January 2003
- "A student's guide to... University of Buckingham". The Times. London. 14 February 2008. Retrieved 27 May 2010.
- Postgraduate Medical School – University of Buckingham. Retrieved May 2016
- MB ChB Course – University of Buckingham. Retrieved May 2016
- [Student BMJ October 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2013]
- David Colquhoun (1 April 2010). "University of Buckingham does the right thing. The Faculty of Integrated Medicine has been fired". DC's Improbable Science.
- "FIH Foundation Fellows". Fih.org.uk. Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- David Colquhoun (29 October 2010). "Don't be deceived. The new "College of Medicine" is a fraud and delusion".
- Nigel Hawkes (2010). "Prince's foundation metamorphoses into new College of Medicine". British Medical Journal. 341. p. 6126. doi:10.1136/bmj.c6126.
- Sikora's profile Archived 22 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. is on the College of Medicine website.
- "Private medical college decries poor diagnosis". Time Higher Education. 6 November 2014.
- "Humanities Research Institute". Retrieved 6 October 2014.
- "Amesbury Confirmed as the UK's Oldest Settlement". History Today. Retrieved 19 August 2015.
- Leaders of the pack;Interview;Pamela Robinson;Alan Smithers;People;Briefing, TES, 11 May 2008
- Alan Smithers: declaration of independence , The Guardian, 7 September 2004
- Calling all Dickens detectives, The Guardian, 4 August 2011
- Professor reeling after ‘sinister’ attack, Buckingham Advertiser, 14 August 2014
- "University League Table 2019". The Complete University Guide.
- "The Times and Sunday Times University Good University Guide 2019". Times Newspapers.
- "Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England.
- "University guide 2013: University league table". The Guardian. London. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "The Complete University Guide". "The Independent". Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- "University guide 2013 subjects". The Guardian. London. 22 May 2012.
- "Institutional Review – University of Buckingham" (PDF). Retrieved 18 May 2016.
- "Home". Denninglawjournal.com. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "IngentaConnect Publication: Denning Law Journal". Ingentaconnect.com. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- The Buckingham Journal of Language and Linguistics
- "Home". Predictionmarketjournal.com. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Home". Jgbe.com. Retrieved 26 July 2010.
- "Policy Exchange". Policy Exchange. Retrieved 26 July 2010.