University of Bordeaux

The University of Bordeaux (French: Université de Bordeaux) is a public university located throughout southwestern France.

University of Bordeaux
Université de Bordeaux
Université de Bordeaux (33940726715).jpg
Campus Victoire, Bordeaux
MottoSit lumine illustrant millennii.
Que la lumière illumine les millénaires.
Established1441; 581 years ago (1441)
Academic affiliations
Endowment892 million
PresidentDean Lewis
Academic staff
6,000 including 3,200 professors[1]
Universität Bordeaux Logo.svg

It has several main campuses in Bordeaux, Dax, Gradignan, Périgueux, Pessac, and Talence.[2] There are also several smaller teaching sites in various other towns in the region, including in Bayonne.

The university counts more than 50,000 students, over 6,000 of which are international.[1]

The University of Bordeaux is a member of the COMUE Aquitaine university group.[citation needed]


A first university during Roman AntiquityEdit

In 286, a university had been created by the Romans.[3] At this time, the city was an important administrative centre and the school had to train administrators. Only rhetoric and grammar were taught (including the study of classical texts). Ausonius and Sulpicius Severus were the two most famous teachers.[citation needed]

The modern universityEdit

The original Université de Bordeaux was established by the papal bull of Pope Eugene IV on 7 June 1441 when Bordeaux was an English town. The initiative for the creation of the university is attributed to Archbishop Pey Berland. It was originally composed of four faculties: arts, medicine, law, and theology. The law faculty later split into faculties of civil law and canon law. A professorship in mathematics was founded in 1591 by Bishop François de Foix, son of Gaston de Foix, Earl of Kendal. Irish clerical students at the Irish College in Bordeaux (1603-1793) would have had degrees awarded by the university.[citation needed]

In 1793, during the French Revolution, the National Convention abolished the university, and replaced it with the École centrale in 1796. In Bordeaux, this one was located in the former buildings of the College of Guyenne. Due to the lack of moral and religious teaching, and the revolutionary inclination of the École centrale, Napoleon reestablished the university in 1808.[citation needed]

On 10 July 1896, the Third Republic re-founded the university.[citation needed]

In 1970, the university was split into three universities: Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux 2, and Bordeaux 3. In 1995, Bordeaux 4 split off from Bordeaux 1.[citation needed]

In 2007, the universities were grouped together as Communauté d'universités et établissements d'Aquitaine.

From 1 January 2014, the universities of Bordeaux were reunited, except for Bordeaux 3 which chose not to take part to the merger.[4]

Notable alumniEdit





Literature and journalismEdit

Performing artsEdit




Visual artsEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Ressources".
  2. ^ "Découvrir les campus".
  3. ^ "Gallo-romains (-56 / 4e siècle)".
  4. ^ Université de Bordeaux
  5. ^ "Olivier le Peuch".