United States women's national gymnastics team

The United States women's artistic gymnastics team represents the United States in FIG international competitions. Currently, the U.S. team is the reigning World team champion and the reigning Olympic team silver medalists, with the four gymnasts nicknamed the "Fighting Four".[1]

United States women's artistic national gymnastics team
Founded1982
Continental unionPAGU
National federationUSA Gymnastics
Head coachTom Forster
Training locationThe Gymnastics Company
Uniform supplierGK Elite
Olympic Games
Appearances19
MedalsGold medal.svg Gold: 1996, 2012, 2016
Silver medal.svg Silver: 1984, 2004, 2008, 2020
Bronze medal.svg Bronze: 1948, 1992, 2000
World Championships
Appearances26
MedalsGold medal world centered-2.svg Gold: 2003, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2019
Silver medal world centered-2.svg Silver: 1991, 1994, 2006, 2010
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Bronze: 1995, 2001
Junior World Championships
Appearances1
MedalsBronze medal world centered-2.svg Bronze: 2019
Pan American Games
MedalsGold medal america.svg Gold: 1963, 1967, 1971, 1975, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2019
Silver medal america.svg Silver: 1999

HistoryEdit

The U.S. women won the team competition bronze medal at the 1948 Summer Olympics. Afterwards, they did not win another Summer Olympics or World Championships medal until the 1984 when the Olympic team won silver. During that competition, Mary Lou Retton also became the first American to win the individual all-around gold medal. The Americans started consistently winning Olympic and World team medals in the early 1990s with future Hall of Famers Shannon Miller and Dominique Dawes. The 1996 Olympic team, known as the Magnificent Seven, was the first American team to win Olympic gold. An iconic moment in the sport's history came late in the competition, when an injured Kerri Strug stuck a vault to secure the title. After 1996, the team regressed for several years as their stars took breaks from competing.

Márta Károlyi headed the program after the 2000 Olympics, ushering in an era of success for the US as they became one of the most dominant countries in women's gymnastics. The US has medalled in every Olympics and Worlds since 2000. They won their first World gold medal in 2003. At the 2004 Olympics, they won the team silver, and Carly Patterson became the second American gymnast to win the individual all-around. The US continued their success in the next quad. They won another Olympic silver medal in 2008. Nastia Liukin and Shawn Johnson were two of the best gymnasts of their era and finished first and second in the 2008 individual all-around.

Since their second-place finish at the 2010 Worlds, the US has never lost an Olympic or World team competition. They won gold at the 2011 Worlds and then won gold at the 2012 Olympics by over five points. The 2012 team was nicknamed the Fierce Five and included Gabby Douglas, the first woman of color to win the Olympic individual all-around. In 2013, Simone Biles started her senior career and helped the US dominate the sport through 2016. In addition to the team gold medals, Biles won the individual all-around at the Worlds and Olympics for four straight years. The 2016 Olympic team, featuring Biles and veterans Douglas and Aly Raisman, was named the Final Five. They won the team competition by over eight points.

Olympic GamesEdit

The USA Gymnastics women have won the Olympic Gold three times, in 1996, 2012, and 2016. These successes led to the nicknames Magnificent Seven, Fierce Five, and Final Five, respectively. They won four silvers in 1984, 2004, 2008, and 2020[2] and three bronzes in 1948, 1992 and 2000.[3] The 2016 team name referenced Márta Károlyi's final team to coach and that the team structure will be changed to four members beginning with the 2020 Olympic Games. The 1988 Olympic Games was the only year in which the team did not medal since its formation in 1982, though they would've won the bronze medal had they not been handed a deduction to their overall score during the competition. Six American women have won the Olympic individual all-around title, including five consecutive titles from 2004–20: Mary Lou Retton (1984), Carly Patterson (2004), Nastia Liukin (2008), Gabby Douglas (2012), Simone Biles (2016), and Sunisa Lee (2020). The most decorated American gymnast at the Olympics is a tie between Shannon Miller with 7 medals (2 gold, 2 silver, 3 bronze) and Simone Biles (4 gold, 1 silver, 2 bronze).

World ChampionshipsEdit

The United States women team is currently 3nd in the all-time medal count for the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships. The first American gymnast to win a medal at the World Championships was Cathy Rigby who won silver on beam in 1970.[4] The first female American gymnast to win a world title was Marcia Frederick in 1978 on the uneven bars.[5] The most decorated American gymnast at the World Championships is Simone Biles, who won 25 medals (19 gold, 3 silver and 3 bronze) from 2013 to 2019.[6] The United States won team gold in 2003, 2007, 2011, 2014, 2015, 2018, and 2019.[7] Additionally, eight American women have won the individual World all-around title: Kim Zmeskal (1991), Shannon Miller (1993-1994), Chellsie Memmel (2005), Shawn Johnson (2007), Bridget Sloan (2009), Jordyn Wieber (2011), Simone Biles (2013-2015, 2018-2019), and Morgan Hurd (2017). Biles is the only American gymnast to win both the Olympic and World all-around titles.

Current rosterEdit

Senior teamEdit

As of June 6, 2021:[8]

Name Birth date and age Current residence Club Head coach(es) College team
Simone Biles (1997-03-14) March 14, 1997 (age 24) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi
Cecile Canqueteau-Landi
Professional
Skye Blakely (2005-02-04) February 4, 2005 (age 16) Frisco, Texas WOGA Tatyana Shadenko
Jade Carey (2000-05-27) May 27, 2000 (age 21) Phoenix, Arizona Arizona Sunrays Brian Carey Oregon State Beavers
Jordan Chiles (2001-04-15) April 15, 2001 (age 20) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi
Cecile Canqueteau-Landi
UCLA Bruins
Kayla DiCello (2004-01-25) January 25, 2004 (age 17) Boyds, Maryland Hill's Gymnastics Kelli Hill Florida Gators
Amari Drayton (2004-12-22) December 22, 2004 (age 16) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi
Cecile Canqueteau-Landi
Kara Eaker (2002-11-07) November 7, 2002 (age 18) Grain Valley, Missouri GAGE Al Fong
Armine Barutyan
Utah Red Rocks
Addison Fatta (2004-11-23) November 23, 2004 (age 16) Wrightsville, Pennsylvania Prestige Gymnastics Tony Fatta
Jen Fatta
Shilese Jones (2002-07-26) July 26, 2002 (age 19) Westerville, Ohio Future Gymnastics Academy Christian Gallardo Florida Gators
Emily Lee (2002-10-04) October 4, 2002 (age 18) Los Gatos, California West Valley Gymnastics School Paul Duron
Judy Sun
UCLA Bruins
Sunisa Lee (2003-03-09) March 9, 2003 (age 18) Saint Paul, Minnesota Midwest Gymnastics Center Jess Graba Auburn Tigers
Emma Malabuyo (2002-11-05) November 5, 2002 (age 18) Flower Mound, Texas Texas Dreams Gymnastics Kim Zmeskal Burdette UCLA Bruins
Grace McCallum (2002-10-30) October 30, 2002 (age 18) Isanti, Minnesota Twin City Twisters Sarah Jantzi Utah Red Rocks
Riley McCusker (2001-07-09) July 9, 2001 (age 20) Brielle, New Jersey Arizona Sunrays Brian Carey Florida Gators
Zoe Miller (2005-11-11) November 11, 2005 (age 15) Spring, Texas World Champions Centre Laurent Landi
Cecile Canqueteau-Landi
Ava Siegfeldt (2004-08-03) August 3, 2004 (age 17) Williamsburg, Virginia World Class Gymnastics Tami Harrison
Jake Lee
Oklahoma Sooners
MyKayla Skinner (1996-12-09) December 9, 1996 (age 24) Gilbert, Arizona Desert Lights Gymnastics Lisa Spini Utah Red Rocks
Leanne Wong (2003-09-20) September 20, 2003 (age 18) Overland Park, Kansas GAGE Al Fong
Armine Barutyan
Florida Gators

Junior teamEdit

As of June 6, 2021:[8]

Name Birth date and age Current residence Club Head coach(es) College team
Charlotte Booth (2006-09-22) September 22, 2006 (age 14) Clermont, Florida Brandy Johnson's Global Gymnastics Kelly Pitzen
Kailin Chio (2006-07-04) July 4, 2006 (age 15) Henderson, Nevada Gymcats Gymnastics Cassie Rice
Madray Johnson (2007-07-16) July 16, 2007 (age 14) Dallas, Texas WOGA
Katelyn Jong (2006-07-28) July 28, 2006 (age 15) Allen, Texas Metroplex Gymnastics Marnie Futch
Avery King (2007-01-24) January 24, 2007 (age 14) Dallas, Texas WOGA Josh Jefferis
Kaliya Lincoln (2006-04-23) April 23, 2006 (age 15) Frisco, Texas WOGA
Ella Kate Parker (2008-01-09) January 9, 2008 (age 13) West Chester, Ohio Cincinnati Gymnastics Mary Lee Tracy
Joscelyn Roberson (2006-02-08) February 8, 2006 (age 15) Texarkana, Texas North East Texas Elite Gymnastics Amy White
Gabriella Van Frayen (2007-04-18) April 18, 2007 (age 14) Lewis Center, Ohio Gym X-Treme Joanne Docherty

StaffEdit

  • Tom Forster[9][10][11] – National Team Coordinator
  • Annie Heffernon[12] – Senior Vice President
  • Krissy Klein[13] – Women's Program Manager
  • Kim Riley[13] – Managing Director of Athlete and Coaching Programs

Team competition resultsEdit

Olympic GamesEdit

World ChampionshipsEdit

Names in italics are alternates who received a team medal.

Junior World ChampionshipsEdit

Names in italics are alternates who received a team medal.

Most decorated gymnastsEdit

This list includes all American female artistic gymnasts who have won at least four medals at the Olympic Games and the World Artistic Gymnastics Championships combined.

Rank Gymnast Years Team AA VT UB BB FX Olympic Total World Total Total
1 Simone Biles 2013–2021   2016
  2014
  2015
  2018
  2019
  2020
  2016
  2013
  2014
  2015
  2018
  2019
  2016
  2018
  2019
  2013
  2014
  2015
  2018   2016
  2020
  2014
  2015
  2019
  2013
  2018
  2016
  2013
  2014
  2015
  2018
  2019
7 25 32
2 Shannon Miller 1991–1996   1996
  1992
  1991
  1994
  1995
  1992
  1993
  1994
  1992
  1993
  1991
  1996
  1992
  1994
  1992
  1993
7 9 16
3 Nastia Liukin 2005–2008   2008
  2007
  2006
  2008
  2005
  2008
  2005
  2006
  2007
  2008
  2005
  2007
  2008
  2005
5 9 14
4 Alicia Sacramone 2005–2011   2008
  2007
  2011
  2006
  2010
  2010
  2006
  2005
  2007
  2005
  2007
1 10 11
5 Aly Raisman 2010–2016   2012
  2016
  2011
  2015
  2010
  2016
  2012
  2012
  2016
  2011
6 4 10
6 Dominique Dawes 1992–2000   1996
  1992
  2000
  1994
  1993   1993
  1996
  1996
4 4 8
7 Shawn Johnson 2007–2008   2008
  2007
  2008
  2007
  2008
  2008
  2007
4 3 7
8 Chellsie Memmel 2003–2008   2008
  2003
  2006
  2005
  2003
  2005
  2005
1 6 7
9 Gabby Douglas 2011–2016   2012
  2016
  2011
  2015
  2012
  2015
3 3 6
10 Kim Zmeskal 1991–1992   1992
  1991
  1991
  1992
  1992
  1991
1 5 6
11 Kyla Ross 2012–2014   2012
  2014
  2013
  2014
  2013
  2013
1 5 6
12 Sunisa Lee 2019–2021   2020
  2019
  2020   2020
  2019
  2019 3 3 6
13 Rebecca Bross 2009–2010   2010
  2009
  2010
  2009
  2010
  2010
0 6 6
14 McKayla Maroney 2011–2013   2012
  2011
  2012
  2011
  2013
2 3 5
Madison Kocian 2014–2016   2016
  2014
  2015
  2016
  2015
2 3 5
16 MyKayla Skinner 2014–2021   2014
  2015
  2019
  2020
  2014
1 4 5
17 Jade Carey 2017–2021   2019   2017
  2019
  2020
  2017
1 4 5
Carly Patterson 2003–2004   2004
  2003
  2004
  2003
  2004
3 2 5
19 Morgan Hurd 2017–2018   2018
  2017
  2018
  2017
  2018
0 5 5
20 Mary Lou Retton 1984   1984
  1984
  1984
  1984
  1984
5 0 5
Kerri Strug 1991–1996   1996
  1992
  1991
  1994
  1995
2 3 5
22 Jordyn Wieber 2011–2012   2012
  2011
  2011
  2011
1 3 4
23 Courtney Kupets 2002–2004   2004
  2003
  2004
  2002
2 2 4
24 Amy Chow 1994–2000   1996
  2000
  1994
  1996
3 1 4
Julianne McNamara 1981–1984   1984   1984
  1981
  1984 3 1 4
26 Betty Okino 1991–1992   1992
  1991
  1992   1991 1 3 4

Best international resultsEdit

Event TF AA VT UB BB FX
Olympic Games            
World Championships            
Pan American Games            
Pan American Championships            
Junior Pan American Championships            
Junior World Championships   4   4   5

Hall of FamersEdit

Eight national team gymnasts, one national team coach, and one official have been inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Elaine Lies; Gabrielle Tétrault-farber (28 July 2021). "OLYMPICS Gymnastics-'The Fighting Four' step up to win for Biles". Reuters. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  2. ^ "ROC wins women's team gold medal, ending Team USA's decade long reign". International Olympic Committee. July 27, 2021.
  3. ^ "United States Gymnastics Women's Team All-Around Results". sports-reference. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
  4. ^ Van Deusen, Amy. "US Medalists at Worlds (Men's and Women's)". About Gymnastics. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  5. ^ Riley, Lori (15 August 2010). "Frederick Changed Gymnastics, But Boycott Ended Olympic Dream". Hartfort Courant. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Stone gold: Biles wraps up worlds with four wins". ESPN.com. November 3, 2018.
  7. ^ "USA Gymnastics | U.S. Medalists at World Artistic Gymnastics Championships". usagym.org.
  8. ^ a b "Women's Artistic Gymnastics National Teams". USA Gymnastics.
  9. ^ "Valeri Liukin steps down as U.S. women's gymnastics team coordinator". ESPN. February 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Valeri Liukin resigning from role with U.S. women's gymnastics team". USA Today. February 2, 2018.
  11. ^ "U.S. Women's Gymnastics Coordinator Valeri Liukin Suddenly Resigns". Deadspin. February 2, 2018.
  12. ^ "[Annie] Heffernon is named vice president of women's gymnastics". USA Gymnastics. February 4, 2019.
  13. ^ a b "USA Gymnastics Women's Program Office Staff" (PDF). USA Gymnastics. Retrieved September 9, 2019.